Mamoulian, Rouben.

Alternative names
Birth 1898-10-08
Death 1987-12-04
English, Russian, Armenian

Biographical notes:

Theatrical and film director. Born 1897; died 1987.

From the description of Rouben Mamoulian papers, 1740-1987 (bulk 1906-1987). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132863

Stage and motion picture director; interviewee d.1987.

From the description of Reminiscences of Rouben Mamoulian : oral history, 1958. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122587306

Biographical Note

  • 1897, Oct. 8: Born, Tiflis (now Tiblisi), Georgia, Caucasus, Russia
  • circa 1906 - circa 1907 : Lived in Paris, France. Went by the name of Robert Mamouloff
  • circa 1915 - circa 1917 : Studied law, University of Moscow, Russia Studied at Vachtangov Studio, Moscow Art Theatre, Moscow, Russia
  • 1920: Moved to London, England
  • 1922: Director, The Beating on the Door, a play by Austin Page
  • 1923: Emigrated to the United States
  • 1923 - 1925 : Vice director, Eastman School of Music operatic department, Rochester, N.Y. Directed operas performed by the American Opera Co., Eastman Theatre, Rochester, N.Y.
  • 1925 - 1926 : Director, Eastman School of the Dance and Dramatic Action, Rochester, N.Y.
  • 1926 - 1927 : Directed productions, Theatre Guild School, Scarborough, N.Y.
  • 1927: Director, Porgy, a play by Dorothy Heyward and Du Bose Heyward
  • 1928: Director, Marco Millions, a play by Eugene O'Neill Director, These Modern Women, a play by Lawrence Langner Director, Café Tomaza, a play by William Dubois Director, Women, a play by Edith Ellis and Edward Ellis Director, Congai, a play by Harry Hervey and Carleton Hildreth Director, Wings Over Europe, a play by Robert Nichols and Maurice Browne
  • 1929: Director, R. U. R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), a play by Karel Capek Director, Game of Love and Death, a play by Romain Rolland Director, Applause, a Paramount Pictures film
  • 1930: Granted U. S. citizenship through naturalization Director and adaptor, A Month in the Country, a play by Ivan Turgenev, adapted by Rouben Mamoulian Director, Die Gluckliche Hand, music by Arnold Schoenberg Director, Solid South, a play by Lawton Campbell Director, A Farewell to Arms, a play adapted by Laurence Stallings
  • 1931: Director, City Streets, a Paramount Pictures film Director, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, a Paramount Pictures film
  • 1932: Director, Love Me Tonight, a Paramount Pictures film
  • 1933: Director, Song of Songs and Queen Christina, Paramount Pictures films
  • 1934: Director, We Live Again, a Samuel Goldwyn Co. film
  • 1935: Director, Becky Sharp, Pioneer Pictures, the first Technicolor feature film Director, Porgy and Bess, a folk opera with music by George Gershwin
  • 1936: Director, The Gay Desperado, a Pickford-Lasky Productions film
  • 1936 - 1939 : Board member, Directors Guild of America (originally Screen Directors Guild of America)
  • 1937: Director, High, Wide and Handsome, a Paramount Pictures film
  • 1938: Director, Porgy and Bess, Los Angeles, Calif.
  • 1939: Director, Golden Boy, a Columbia Pictures film
  • 1940: Director, The Mark of Zorro, a Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. film
  • 1941: Director, Blood and Sand, a Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. film
  • 1941 - 1942 : Director, Rings on Her Fingers, a Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. film
  • 1943: Director, Oklahoma!, a musical play by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein (1895-1960)
  • 1944: Fired as director of Laura, a Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. film Director, Sadie Thompson, a musical play by Howard Dietz and Mamoulian with music by Vernon Duke
  • 1944 - 1946 : Board member, Directors Guild of America
  • 1945: Married Azadia Newman (died 1999) Director, Carousel, a musical play by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein (1895-1960)
  • 1946: Director, St. Louis Woman, a play by Arna Bontemps and Countee Cullen with music by Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer Director, Summer Holiday, a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film
  • 1948 - 1949 : Director, Leaf and Bough, a play by Joseph Hayes
  • 1949: Director, Lost in the Stars, a play by Maxwell Anderson with music by Kurt Weill
  • 1950: Director, Arms and the Girl, a play by Herbert Fields, Dorothy Fields, and Mamoulian with music by Morton Gould and Dorothy Fields
  • 1952 - 1953 : Board member, Directors Guild of America
  • 1953 - 1958 : Board member and first vice president, Directors Guild of America
  • 1954: Director, Carousel, Civic Light Opera, Los Angeles and San Francisco, Calif.
  • 1955: Director, Oklahoma!, Salute to France program, Paris, France and tour of Rome, Milan, Naples, and Venice, Italy
  • 1956 - 1957 : Director, Silk Stockings, a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film
  • 1958: Fired as director of Porgy and Bess, a Samuel Goldwyn Co. film
  • 1959 - 1961 : First director of Cleopatra, a Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. film; resigned Jan. 1961
  • 1964: Published Abigayil: The Story of the Cat at the Manger. Greenwich, Conn.: New York Graphic Society
  • 1965: Published Shakespeare's Hamlet: A New Version. New York: Bobbs-Merrill Co.
  • 1987, Dec. 4: Died, Los Angeles, Calif.

From the guide to the Rouben Mamoulian Papers, 1740-1987, (bulk 1906-1987), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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Ark ID:


  • Film criticism
  • Colors in motion pictures
  • Theater--Georgia (Republic)--Tʻbilisi
  • Motion picture industry
  • Color motion pictures
  • Motion pictures--Production and direction
  • Armenians--Social life and customs
  • Motion pictures--Research
  • Motion pictures
  • Arts
  • Motion picture producers and directors--Interviews
  • Armenian Americans
  • Film festivals
  • Flowers--Collection and preservation
  • Armenians
  • Armenians--United States
  • Cats
  • Theater
  • Armenians--California
  • Performing Arts
  • Cinematography--Lighting
  • Sound in motion pictures
  • Theatrical producers and directors--Interviews
  • Cinematography--Research
  • Theater--Production and direction
  • Portrait painting
  • Motion picture cameras


  • Motion picture directors
  • Theatrical directors


  • California (as recorded)
  • Georgia (Republic)--Tʻbilisi (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Social life and customs (as recorded)