Eigenmann, Carl H., 1863-1927

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Carl H. Eigenmann and Rosa Smith Eigenmann, both students at Indiana University, married in 1887. They went to Harvard University to study the Agassiz fish collection for about two years, and then returned to California where Mr. Eigenmann served as Curator of Fishes at San Diego and at San Francisco. In 1886 he came to Indiana University and later filled the Chair of Zoology vacated by David Starr Jordan in 1891. In 1908 he was appointed Dean of the Graduate School. Between 1908 and 1918 Eigenmann served concurrently as Curator of Fishes at the Carnegie Museum at Pittsburgh. He founded the Biological Station on Turkey Lake at Vawter Park in 1895 and served as its director until 1920. Both the Eigenmanns made extensive contributions toward the study of blind fish and other fish species.

From the description of Eigenmann collection of ichthyology articles, ca. 1880-1964. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 57217835

Ichthyologist.

From the description of Papers, 1851-1971. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 36335365

Indiana University alumnus, professor and administrator; noted ichthyologist.

Eigenmann taught in the Dept. of Zoology for over 40 years, served as Dean of the Graduate School when it was first established in 1908 until his death, and was founder and director of the Indiana University Biological Station in northern Indiana. He gained international recognition for his work on South American fishes and his discovery and subsequent work on blind fishes.

From the description of Carl H. Eigenmann papers, 1884-1925. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 47194807

Born in 1863 in Flehingen, Germany, Carl H. Eigenmann came to Indiana when he was 14 years old. Two years later, he entered Indiana University with the intent of studying law. However, in his second year at IU, sophomores were allowed to choose between Latin and biology for a year's work. Eigenmann chose biology. Studying under the newly appointed professor, Dr. David Starr Jordan, a well-known ichthyologist, Eigenmann found a passion for Zoology. Eigenmann went on to receive his Bachelor's of Science in 1886, his AM in 1887 and his PhD in 1889, all at Indiana University. Eigenmann remained at Indiana throughout his career, first holding a position as Instructor in Zoology, 1886-1887, Professor, 1891- 1927, first Dean of the newly created Graduate School, 1908-1927, and finally as Founder and Director of the Biological Station in Northern Indiana, 1895-1920.

Eigenmann became well-known very early on in his work as an ichthyologist. He became most famous for his valuable contributions on South American fishes and his discovery and work on blind fishes. In 1909 he was asked to be Curator of Fishes at the Carnegie Museum after meeting the Director of the Museum, W. J. Holland, on a train. He held this position from Indiana for 9 years, traveling to Pittsburgh during vacations.

In July 1887 Prof. Eigenmann met Rosa Smith, a fellow ichthyologist with whom he had been corresponding, in San Diego. They married less than a month later. Throughout their lives, they coauthored numerous articles under "Eigenmann and Eigenmann."

Dr. Eigenmann died in San Diego 24 April, 1927.

From the guide to the Carl H. Eigenmann papers, 1884-1925, (Indiana University Office of University Archives and Records Management http://www.libraries.iub.edu/archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Eigenmann, Rosa Smith, 1858-1947. Rosa Smith Eigenmann papers, 1880-1927. Indiana University
creatorOf Eigenmann, Carl H., 1863-1927. Papers, 1851-1971. Indiana University
referencedIn History of Indiana University, 1968-1981 Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memoryhttp://www.indiana.edu/~cshm
referencedIn Indiana University. President. Indiana University President's Office records, 1893-1902. Indiana University
referencedIn Alexander G. Ruthven Papers, 1901-1961, 1906-1951 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Barbour, Thomas, 1884-1946. Letters to Thomas Barbour, 1909-1941 (inclusive) Harvard University, Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
creatorOf Hubbs, Carl L. (Carl Leavitt), 1894-1979. Papers, 1897-1989, bulk 1920-1979. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Eigenmann, Carl H., 1863-1927. [Ichthyological papers / Eigenmann] The Field Museum Library, The Field Museum of Natural History
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIh, 1892-1896 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Eigenmann, Carl H., 1863-1927. Carl H. Eigenmann papers, 1884-1925. Indiana University
creatorOf Carl H. Eigenmann papers, 1884-1925 Indiana University Office of University Archives and Records Managementhttp://www.libraries.iub.edu/archives
creatorOf Ayers, Howard. Sensory - Mammals and reptiles. [By] Geoffroy, Arnold, Osawa, Eigenmann ... [et al.]. The California Digital Library
referencedIn New York Zoological Society. Dept. of Tropical Research. Office of the Director and General Associate. Records, 1909-1947. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIg, 1887-1891 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Bowen, William Kordes. Sensory - Amphibians and fishes. [By] Trevirano, Windischmann, Mutinelli, Mall, Kingsbury, Rabl, Knapp [et al.]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
creatorOf Eigenmann, Carl H., 1863-1927. Eigenmann collection of ichthyology articles, ca. 1880-1964. Indiana University
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Barbour, Thomas, 1884-1946. person
associatedWith Bryan, William Lowe, 1860-1955. person
correspondedWith DeBoos, C. E. person
associatedWith Eigenmann, Rosa Smith, 1858-1947. person
correspondedWith Holland, W. J. (William Jacob), 1848-1932 person
associatedWith Hubbs, Carl L. (Carl Leavitt), 1894-1979. person
associatedWith Indiana University. corporateBody
correspondedWith Indiana University. Biological Station corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
correspondedWith Indiana University. Dept. of Zoology corporateBody
correspondedWith Indiana University. President. corporateBody
associatedWith Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931. person
associatedWith New York Zoological Society. Dept. of Tropical Research. Office of the Director and General Associate. corporateBody
associatedWith Payne, Fernandus, 1881-1977. person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
associatedWith Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882- person
correspondedWith Sweeney, Z. T. (Zachary Taylor), 1849-1926 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
South America
Indiana--Bloomington
Indiana
California
Cuba
South America
Indiana
Subject
Ichthyology
Ichthyologists
Amblyopsidae
Zoology teachers--Correspondence
Freshwater fishes--Research
Fishes
Biological stations--History--20th century--Sources
Cave animals
Ichthyology--research
Characidae
Fishes--Abnormalities--Research
Ichthyologists--Correspondence
Zoology teachers--Archives
Freshwater fishes
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1863-03-09

Death 1927-04-24

Americans

English,

German,

Spanish; Castilian

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