Grant, James, 1720-1806

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British army officer, colonial governor, and member of Parliament.

From the description of James Grant of Ballindalloch papers, 1740-1819 (bulk 1760-1780). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984748

Major, 77th Regiment, "Gen. Jeffery Amherst's forces," British colonial army.

From the description of Letter, 1757 Sept. 22, Charleston, [S.C., to] Alex[ander] Brodie, Lethen, [Scotland]. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 30699124

Biographical Note

  • 1720: Born, Ballindalloch Castle, Banffshire, Scotland
  • 1735 - 1741 : Studied law, College of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1741: Commissioned ensign, Royal Scots regiment
  • 1744: Promoted to captain while serving in Flanders, Belgium
  • 1745 - 1748 : Aide-de-camp to James St. Clair
  • 1757: Promoted to major in newly-formed First Highland Regiment commanded by Archibald Montgomery Traveled with regiment to South Carolina
  • 1758: Defeated and captured by the French army at Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh), Pa.
  • 1760 - 1761 : Second in command of expedition against Cherokee Indians on South Carolina frontier
  • 1762: Promoted to temporary rank of colonel, Fortieth Regiment Appointed lieutenant governor, Havana, Cuba
  • 1763 - 1773 : Royal governor, East Florida
  • 1770: Became laird of Ballindalloch Castle on death of nephew, William Grant
  • 1771: Departed Florida for Scotland
  • 1774: Elected member, House of Commons
  • 1775: Delivered speech in House of Commons criticizing American colonial troops Promoted to permanent rank of colonel and given command of Fifty-fifth Regiment
  • 1775: Promoted to temporary rank of brigadier and later major general in America
  • 1775 - 1778 : Participated in the siege of Boston, Mass., and in battles on Long Island, Harlem Heights, White Plains, and Fort Washington, N.Y.; Morristown, Princeton, and Woodbridge, N.J.; and Brandywine, Germantown, and Barren Hill, Pa.
  • 1778: Captured St. Lucia as commander of British military expedition
  • 1779: Returned to Great Britain
  • 1780: Defeated in parliamentary elections
  • 1782: Promoted to permanent rank of lieutenant general
  • 1787: Reelected to Parliament
  • 1791: Given command of Eleventh Regiment
  • 1796: Retired from active military service
  • 1802: Relinquished seat in House of Commons
  • 1806, Apr. 13: Died, Ballindalloch Castle, Banffshire, Scotland

From the guide to the James Grant of Ballindalloch Papers, 1740-1819, (bulk 1760-1780), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. The German allied troops in the North American war of independence, and related materials, ca. 1767-1893. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf Forbes, John, 1707-1759. Papers of John Forbes [manuscript], 1755-1759. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Henry Clinton papers, Clinton, Henry papers, 1736-1850 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. Thomas Gage papers, 1754-1807, bulk 1759-1775. William L. Clements Library
referencedIn Phillips, William, 1731?-1781. Letter, 1781 February 1, New York, [N.Y.] to Thomas Veal, [Portsmouth, Va.]. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library
creatorOf James Grant of Ballindalloch Papers, 1740-1819, (bulk 1760-1780) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George Macartney papers, Macartney, George papers, [1765]-1800, 1776-1787 William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. Henry Clinton papers, 1736-1850. William L. Clements Library
creatorOf Grant, James, 1720-1806. James Grant of Ballindalloch papers, 1740-1819 (bulk 1760-1780). Library of Congress
creatorOf Grant, James, 1720-1806. Letter, 1757 Sept. 22, Charleston, [S.C., to] Alex[ander] Brodie, Lethen, [Scotland]. University of South Carolina, System Library Service, University Libraries
referencedIn Pinckney, Thomas, 1750-1828. Papers, 1771-1813. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bocquet, Henry, Lieut. Col. person
correspondedWith Brodie, Alexander, d. 1770 person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, 1771-1829 person
associatedWith Clinton, Henry, Sir, 1738?-1795. person
correspondedWith Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, Marquis, 1738-1805 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Forbes, John, 1707-1759. person
associatedWith Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787. person
associatedWith Great Britain. Army. Highland Regiment, First. corporateBody
correspondedWith Howe, William Howe, Viscount, 1729-1814 person
associatedWith Macartney, George Macartney, Earl, 1737-1806 person
associatedWith McPherson family. family
associatedWith McPherson family. family
associatedWith Montgomerie, Archibald, 1726-1796 person
associatedWith Phillips, William, 1731?-1781. person
associatedWith Pinckney, Thomas, 1750-1828. person
correspondedWith Pitt, William, 1759-1806 person
associatedWith Rosengarten, J. G. (Joseph George), 1835-1921. person
correspondedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
East Florida
Nova Scotia
Charleston (S.C.)
Great Britain
West Indies
Great Britain
United States
Nova Scotia
East Florida
West Indies
United States
South Carolina
United States
Great Britain
Cherokee Indians--Wars, 1759-1761
Members of Parliament
Army officers


Birth 1720

Death 1806



Spanish; Castilian



Ark ID: w651512x

SNAC ID: 31470662