Florey, Howard, Baron Florey, 1898-1968

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Howard Walter Florey was born on September 24, 1898, in Adelaide, Australia. He received a degree in medicine from Adelaide University in 1921, then went to Oxford as a Rhodes scholar and in 1924, attended Cambridge. He spent 1925 traveling in the United States as a Rockefeller traveling fellow and in 1926, married Mary Ethel Reed, with whom he had two children. The next year, he received his Ph.D. from Cambridge. Between 1927 and 1962, Florey held teaching positions at Cambridge, Sheffield, and Oxford, all in pathology. In 1962, he became provost of Queen's College, Oxford. Florey's most significant contribution, however, was the development of penicillin for practical purposes, as a result of which he shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1945. Though penicillin had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming, it had gone largely unnoticed for over a decade. In 1939, Florey and Dr. Ernst Boris Chain began experiments with a purified form of penicillin and discovered its ability to combatbacterial infections in humans. Their discovery made penicillin available for use during the last two years of the war. In 1944, Florey was knighted and in 1965, he was made life peer, taking the name Baron Florey of Adelaide. He died on February 21, 1968, in Oxford, England.

From the guide to the Howard Walter Florey papers, 1930-1940, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Howard Walter Florey was born on September 24, 1898, in Adelaide, Australia. He received a degree in medicine from Adelaide University in 1921, then went to Oxford as a Rhodes scholar and in 1924, attended Cambridge. He spent 1925 traveling in the United States as a Rockefeller traveling fellow and in 1926, married Mary Ethel Reed, with whom he had two children. The next year, he received his Ph.D. from Cambridge. Between 1927 and 1962, Florey held teaching positions at Cambridge, Sheffield, and Oxford, all in pathology. In 1962, he became provost of Queen's College, Oxford. Florey's most significant contribution, however, was the development of penicillin for practical purposes, as a result of which he shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1945. Though penicillin had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming, it had gone largely unnoticed for over a decade. In 1939, Florey and Dr. Ernst Boris Chain began experiments with a purified form of penicillin and discovered its ability to combat bacterial infections in humans. Their discovery made penicillin available for use during the last two years of the war. In 1944, Florey was knighted and in 1965, he was made life peer, taking the name Baron Florey of Adelaide. He died on February 21, 1968, in Oxford, England.

From the description of Howard Walter Florey papers, 1930-1940 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702168944

Epithet: Baron Florey

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000837.0x00007b

Howard Walter, Baron Florey O.M.,F.R.S.,M.A.

born Adelaide 24 Sept.1898, died 21 Feb.1968. Professor of Pathology. Demonstrated effectiveness of penicillin in the treatment of human bacterial infection. Awarded Nobel Prize for Medicine, 1945. President of Royal Society, 1960-1965.

From the description of [Reprints of scientific papers] / Howard Florey. 1925-1969. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 223650186

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf FLEMING PAPERS. Vol. LXXVIII. Miscellaneous loose notes, 1925-1948, n.d.Section one:1 f. 1. Image of a plate with the autolysis of unleaded pike eggs.2. f. 2. Note to Fleming from W. Bulloch pointing out an article by O. Bail entitled ‘Ueber das Lyso..., 1925-1949 British Library
creatorOf Florey, Howard Lord, 1898-1968. [Reprints of scientific papers] / Howard Florey. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Rockefeller Foundation. Rockefeller Foundation Archives,1910-(1912-1989). Rockefeller Archive Center, Rockefeller University, Pocantico Hills
creatorOf FLEMING PAPERS. Vol. XV. 1951-1952.ff. 1-233. Papers and correspondence include:All Pakistan Medical Conference, April 1951Council for the Coordination of International Congresses of Medical Sciences (CCICMS)Greece, Nov. 1952Rectorship, University of..., 1951-1952 British Library
creatorOf [Howard Florey, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn John Farquhar Fulton papers, 1892-1988, 1920-1960 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Fulton, John F. (John Farquhar), 1899-1960. John Farquhar Fulton papers, 1892-1988 (inclusive), 1920-1960 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf FLEMING PAPERS. Vol. VIII. 1924-1944.ff. 1-257. Papers and correspondence include:Emergency Public Health Laboratory ServiceInternational Society for MicrobiologyJohn Scott MedalKnighthoodMedical Research CouncilMinistry of HealthRoyal Institute of P..., 1924-1944 British Library
creatorOf Raper, Kenneth B. (Kenneth Bryan), 1908-. Kenneth B. Raper papers 1925-1986. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
creatorOf Florey, Howard, Baron Florey, 1898-1968. Howard Walter Florey papers, 1930-1940 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Howard Walter Florey papers, 1930-1940 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
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associatedWith Fulton, John Farquhar, 1856-1932 person
associatedWith Fulton, John F. (John Farquhar), 1899-1960. person
associatedWith Raper, Kenneth B. (Kenneth Bryan), 1908- person
associatedWith Rockefeller Foundation. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Antibiotics
Penicillin--History--Sources
Medicine
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1898-09-24

Death 1968-02-21

English

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