Cornelius, Thomas R.

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Thomas R. Cornelius (1827-1890), emigrated to Oregon from Mississippi with his family in 1845 as a member of the Meek party. He participated in the Cayuse War of 1847-48 and the Yakima War of 1855-56 and served in the Oregon State Legislature for twenty years. In 1861 he was made a colonel by the U.S. War Department and ordered to raise a volunteer regiment, the Oregon First Cavalry, which he commanded at Ft. Walla Walla until his resignation the next year.

From the description of Papers of Thomas R. Cornelius, 1831-1925 (bulk 1864). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122445800

Thomas R. Cornelius (1827-1899) was born in Missouri, and came to Oregon with his parents in 1845. He enlisted in the Oregon Mounted Volunteers for the Cayuse Indian War and the Yakima Indian War. Later he ran a general store in the town of Cornelius and farmed.

From the guide to the Thomas R. Cornelius letter, October 20, 1855, (Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries)

From the guide to the Thomas R. Cornelius letter, February 20, 1856, (Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Cornelius, Thomas R. Papers of Thomas R. Cornelius, 1831-1925 (bulk 1864). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Cornelius, Thomas R. Thomas R. Cornelius papers [manuscript], 1833-1870. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Thomas R. Cornelius letter, February 20, 1856 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Painter, William Charles, 1830-1900. Papers, 1846-1962 (bulk 1860-1905). Washington State Historical Society
creatorOf Thomas R. Cornelius letter, October 20, 1855 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Apperson, John T. person
associatedWith Apperson, John T., 1834-1873. person
associatedWith Oregon Central Railroad Company (Salem, Or.) corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon. Militia. Regiment of Oregon Mounted Volunteers, 1st. corporateBody
correspondedWith Painter, William Charles, 1830-1900. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Fort Walla Walla (Wash.)
Oregon
Oregon Territory
Subject
Cayuse Indians--Wars
Railroads--History--19th century--Sources
Soldiers--Oregon--Correspondence
Legislators--Archives
Government and Politics
Yakama Indians--Wars, 1855-1859
Native Americans
Pioneers--Oregon--Correspondence
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1827-11-16

Death 1899-06-24

Male

Americans

English

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