Annie Oakley (b. Phoebe Ann Mosey, Aug. 13, 1860, Darke County, OH–d. Nov. 3, 1926, Greenville, OH) was a sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. She began shooting as a child to support her siblings and widowed mother. Like around 1875, Oakley won a shooting match against marksman Frank Butler; the two married in 1876.
Butler and Oakley joined Buffalo Bill's Wild West show in 1885 and toured the United States. She also performed for Queen Victoria, King Umberto I of Italy, President Marie François Sadi Carnot of France, and other crowned heads of state. She left the Buffalo Bill show and, in 1902, began an acting career.
Oakley promoted the service of women in combat operations for the United States army and wrote a letter to President William McKinley. Throughout her career, Oakley taught over 15,000 women how to use a gun. Newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst published a false story about Oakley. She successfully sued for libel but collected less in judgments than the total of her legal expenses. Oakley was engaged in extensive philanthropy for women's rights and other causes.