Oakley, Annie, 1860-1926

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Annie Oakley (b. Phoebe Ann Mosey, Aug. 13, 1860, Darke County, OH–d. Nov. 3, 1926, Greenville, OH) was a sharpshooter and exhibition shooter. She began shooting as a child to support her siblings and widowed mother. Like around 1875, Oakley won a shooting match against marksman Frank Butler; the two married in 1876.

Butler and Oakley joined Buffalo Bill's Wild West show in 1885 and toured the United States. She also performed for Queen Victoria, King Umberto I of Italy, President Marie François Sadi Carnot of France, and other crowned heads of state. She left the Buffalo Bill show and, in 1902, began an acting career.

Oakley promoted the service of women in combat operations for the United States army and wrote a letter to President William McKinley. Throughout her career, Oakley taught over 15,000 women how to use a gun. Newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst published a false story about Oakley. She successfully sued for libel but collected less in judgments than the total of her legal expenses. Oakley was engaged in extensive philanthropy for women's rights and other causes.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Latour, Thérèse Louis. Princesses, Ladies and Adventuresses of the Reign of Louis XIV.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Album of letters of acknowledgement for "Friend of Sloper" certificates, 1885-circa 1900. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Shoemaker, Henry W., 1880-1958. Pennsylvania history essays, 1951-1953. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Schaefer, Robert. Annie Oakley series. Annie takes a chance / teleplay by Robert Schaefer & Eric Freiwald. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Sayre, Joel, 1900-1979. Shooting Star : (Annie Oakley) : typescript, 1935 Aug. 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Erskine, Mrs. Steuart. Beautiful Women in History and Art.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Brininstool, E. A. (Earl Alonzo), 1870-1957,. E.A. Brininstool collection of Western photographs, circa 1860s-1940s. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Mayne, Ethel Colburn. Enchanters of Men, With Twenty-Four Illustrations. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Explosives Dept. Records, 1889-1971. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Butler, Frank E., d. 1926. Cody-Oakley scrapbooks 1875-193? [microform]. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Hall, Geoffrey F.. Moths Round the Flame: Studies of Charmers and Intriguers.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Betham-Edwards, Matilda. Six Life Studies of Famous Women: With Six Portraits Engraved on Steel.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Amory, Thomas. Memoirs of Several Ladies of Great Britain. Interspersed with Literary Reflexions, and Accounts of Curious Things.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Women's Project of New Jersey. Records, 1984-2004 Rutgers University Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Rosenstock, Fred A., b. 1895,. Fred Rosenstock collection of Western photographs, circa 1870s-1910s. Harold B. Lee Library
referencedIn Bonheur, Rosa, 1822-1899. Circus World Museum poster collection, 1841-[ongoing] Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Aikman, Duncan. Calamity Jane and the Lady Wildcats.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Daffan, Miss Katie. Woman in History.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Biographies of Good Women: Chiefly by Contributors to ‘The Monthly Packet.’ Edited by the Author of The Heir of Redclyffe.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fea, Allan. Some Beauties of the Seventeenth Century. With 82 Illustrations.. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn "Rock" C. Jenkins photograph collection, 1886-1955. Museum of the Great Plains
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Brininstool, E. A. (Earl Alonzo), 1870-1957, person
associatedWith Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917 person
memberOf Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show corporateBody
spouseOf Butler, Frank E., d. 1926. person
associatedWith Carnot, Sadi, 1837-1894 person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas Alva, 1847-1931 person
associatedWith E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Explosives Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Every Evening Printing Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Hearst, William Randolph, 1863-1951 person
associatedWith Jenkins, R. C., d. 1957, person
correspondedWith Mckinley, William, 1843-1901 person
associatedWith Rosenstock, Fred A., b. 1895, person
associatedWith Sayre, Joel, 1900-1979. person
associatedWith Shoemaker, Henry W., 1880-1958. person
Sitting Bull, 1831-1890 person
associatedWith Sitting Bull, 1831-1890 person
associatedWith Umberto I, King of Italy, 1844-1900 person
associatedWith Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 person
associatedWith Women's Project of New Jersey corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Darke County OH US
Greenville OH US
Subject
Sharpshooters
Occupation
Shooters of firearms
Actress
Performer
Function

Person

Birth 1860-08-13

Death 1926-11-03

Americans

Information

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Ark ID: w647490q

SNAC ID: 25298390