Woods, Shadrach, 1923-1973

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Shadrach Woods was an American architect and urban planner. A student of Le Corbusier, he worked extensively throughout North Africa, France, Germany and New York City on architectural projects ranging from low-cost housing developments to university campuses. Also highly regarded as a critic and theorist, Woods taught at Harvard and Yale and lectured and published widely.

Born in Yonkers, New York, Woods was schooled in engineering at New York University and in literature and philosophy at Trinity College, Dublin. Though never trained as an architect, he joined the Paris office of Le Corbusier in 1948. Assigned to the Unité d'Habitation project then under construction in Marseille, Woods collaborated with the Greek architect George Candilis, with whom he would later form a lasting partnership.

With Candilis and the engineer Vladimir Bodiansky, Woods designed and built housing throughout North Africa during his tenure as head of the Casablanca office of ATBAT-Afrique. Architectural solutions developed during the course of this work led to their winning proposal for a low-cost housing competition in France in 1954. Woods and Candilis joined with the Yugoslavian architect Alexis Josic to create the firm Candilis-Josic-Woods in 1956.

Among the firm's major built projects were the development of the quarter of Le Mirail in Toulouse in France and, with Manfred Schiedhelm, the Free University in Berlin. Simultaneously, Woods participated in the proceedings of Team X, a group of architects that emerged from the meetings of CIAM in the postwar years. He published numerous essays on urban themes, including explanations of his concepts of "stem" and "web," and participated in the Milan Triennale at the invitation of Italian architect and fellow Team X member Giancarlo de Carlo.

After the breakup of his partnership with Candilis and Josic in 1969, Woods settled in New York City. He taught and lectured at architecture schools throughout the United States. He also continued to work as an architect and urban planner until his untimely death in 1973. His book, The Man in the Street: A Polemic on Urbanism, was published posthumously by Penguin in 1975.

From the description of Shadrach Woods architectural records and papers, 1923-2008 (bulk 1948-1973). (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 455202501

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the CIAM Belgian Section, 1928-1958, 1934-1958 Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Woods, Shadrach, 1923-1973. Shadrach Woods architectural records and papers, 1923-2008 (bulk 1948-1973). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Bakema, J. B. (Jacob Berend), 1914-1981. person
associatedWith Blake, Peter, 1920-2006. person
associatedWith Bodiansky, Vladimir, 1894-1966. person
associatedWith Candilis, Georges. person
associatedWith Candilis-Josic-Woods. corporateBody
associatedWith Cavaglieri, Giorgio, 1911-2007. person
associatedWith Chermayeff, Serge, 1900-1996. person
associatedWith Cumming, Roger. person
associatedWith De Carlo, Giancarlo, 1919-2005. person
associatedWith Feld, Gabriel. person
associatedWith Filliou, Robert. person
associatedWith Fluxus (Group of artists) corporateBody
associatedWith Freie Universität Berlin corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Graduate School of Design. corporateBody
associatedWith International Congress for Modern Architecture. corporateBody
associatedWith International Congress for Modern Architecture. Belgian Section. corporateBody
associatedWith Josic, Alexis. person
associatedWith Le Corbusier, 1887-1965. person
associatedWith New York (N.Y.). City Planning Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Penguin (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Perriand, Charlotte. person
associatedWith Pfeufer, Joachim. person
associatedWith Rudolph, Paul, 1918-1997. person
associatedWith Schiedhelm, Manfred. person
associatedWith Smithson, Alison Margaret. person
associatedWith Smithson, Peter, 1923-2003. person
associatedWith Soltan, Jerzy. person
associatedWith Stirling, James (James Frazer) person
associatedWith Team 10. corporateBody
associatedWith Triennale di Milano. corporateBody
associatedWith Unité d'habitation (Marseille, France) corporateBody
associatedWith Weintraub, Myles. person
associatedWith Yale University. School of Art and Architecture. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (N.Y.)
Marseille (France)
Hamburg (Germany)
United States
Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
SoHo (New York, N.Y.)
Berlin (Germany)
Karlsruhe (Germany)
Le Mirail (Toulouse, France)
Paris (France)
Alps, French (France)
Architecture--History--20th century
Apartment houses--History--20th century
College buildings
Highway planning
Fluxus (Group of artists)
Dwellings--Design and construction
City planning
Planned communities--Designs and plans
Architecture--Study and teaching
Architecture--Designs and plans
New towns
Architectural firms
Villes nouvelles


Birth 1923-06-30

Death 1973-07-31




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