Maxim, Hiram S. (Hiram Stevens), 1840-1916

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Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (1840-1916), engineer and inventor, was born at Brockway's Mills, near Sangerville, Maine, on 5 February 1840. He became chief engineer to the United States Electric Lighting Company in 1878, and emigrated to England around 1882, opening a workshop in London two years later. He became a naturalised citizen in 1900, and was knighted in 1901. Maxim was the inventor of the Maxim gun, a rapid-firing weapon with a totally automatic action, which was adopted by the British Army in 1889 and the Royal Navy in 1892. He died at Streatham, London, on 24 November 1916.

From the guide to the Sir Hiram Maxim: Patent specifications for explosives, 1895, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

Inventor; b. in Maine; in 1878 became chief engineer for U.S. Electric Lighting Co.; decorated at the Paris Exposition; invention of the Maxim automatic machine gun turned down by the U.S. government but adopted by the British in 1884; granted a total of 122 patents from the U.S., and 149 from British government; in 1900 became British subject; knighted by Queen Victoria in 1901.

From the description of Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim collection, 1840-1961. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70923089

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Sir Hiram Maxim: Patent specifications for explosives, 1895 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Joseph Severn papers, 1821-1899. Houghton Library
referencedIn Maxim, Hudson, 1853-1927. Papers, 1851-1925. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Hudson Maxim papers, 1883-1927, 1890s-1927 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Octave Chanute Papers, 1807-1955, (bulk 1860-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Sir Hiram Maxim: Patent specifications for explosives, 1895 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf Maxim, Hiram S. (Hiram Stevens), 1840-1916. Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim collection, 1840-1961. Maine Historical Society Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library
referencedIn Sir James Paget correspondence, 1784-1932, 1784-1932 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Maxim, Hiram S. (Hiram Stevens), 1840-1916. Letter. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn William Peters Aviation Photograph Collection, 1903-1964, 1908-1930 Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives
referencedIn Chanute, Octave, 1832-1910. Octave Chanute papers, 1807-1955 (bulk 1860-1910). Library of Congress
referencedIn Elizabeth Hiatt Gregory Collection of Material About American Aviation, 1900-1945 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
creatorOf Maxim, Hudson, 1853-1927. Hudson Maxim papers, 1883-1927, bulk (1890s-1927). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Lammot, 1909-1964,. Lammot du Pont, Jr., Aeronautics collection, 1783-1944. Hagley Museum & Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Chanute, Octave, 1832-1910. person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Du Pont, Lammot, 1909-1964, person
associatedWith Gregory, Elizabeth Hiatt, b. 1872- person
correspondedWith Kipling, Rudyard, 1865-1936 person
associatedWith Maxim, Hiram Hamilton. person
associatedWith Maxim, Hudson, 1853-1927. person
associatedWith Monday Evening Club (Hartford, Conn. corporateBody
associatedWith Paget, James, Sir, 1814-1899 person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Peters, William H. person
associatedWith Royal United Service Institution (Great Britain) corporateBody
correspondedWith Severn, Joseph, 1793-1879 person
associatedWith Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim person
associatedWith Thompson, Silvanus P. (Silvanus Phillips), 1851-1916. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Diamonds, Artificial
Maxim gun


Birth 1840-02-05

Death 1916-11-24



Ark ID: w63r0wj8

SNAC ID: 75389515