Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown, 1825-1921

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Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell (1825-1921) was a reformer, abolitionist, author, lecturer, and the first woman ordained as a minister in the United States. In 1846, Blackwell enrolled at Oberlin College in Ohio, and by 1847, she had received her literary degree – the only degree available to women at the time. She stayed at Oberlin for three more years to study theology, but the college would not confer her degree or allow her to be ordained as a minister. She then began working as an independent lecturer, speaking against slavery and on woman’s rights and temperance throughout New England, Pennsylvania, New York and Ohio. She also preached Sunday sermons when invited to do so. In 1852, Blackwell was asked to take up the ministry of the Congregational Church in South Butler, New York. She was ordained as the church’s minister on September 15, 1853, making her the first woman ordained in a regular denomination in the United States. She resigned from this position in July 1854, but continued to be active in reform movements and women’s rights conventions throughout the country. In 1869, Blackwell founded the American Woman Suffrage Association with Lucy Stone and also published her first book, Studies in general science, detailing her philosophy on life and religion. She went on to write six more books and one book of poetry. In 1878, the American Unitarian Association recognized her as a Unitarian minister. She went on to acquire a grant of land for a Unitarian Church, establishing the All Souls Unitarian Church in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1908. Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell died on November 5, 1921.

From the guide to the Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell letter, Blackwell (Anotoinette Louisa Brown) letter, 1869, (Redwood Library and Athenaeum)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Elinor Rice Hays Papers, 1867-196-. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Collection, n.y., n.d., 1775-1943 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950. Blackwell family papers, 1759-1960 (bulk 1845-1890). Library of Congress
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1784-1944 (inclusive), 1832-1939 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1784 (1832-1939) 1944 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company reader reports on manuscripts submitted for publication, 1882-1931. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Dissertation, 1981 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown, 1825-1921. Letter and an envelope, 1902. American Primers
referencedIn Papers, 1787?-1944, c.1984 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Gage, Matilda Electa Josyln, 1826-1898. Papers, 1870-1970 [microform]. South Dakota State Archives
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
creatorOf Ladies' Literary Society. Records 1846-1953. Oberlin College Library
creatorOf Riis, Jacob A. (Jacob August), 1849-1914. Branson-Jackson Family Papers, 1794-1962. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Gerrit Smith Papers, 1762-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1832-1981 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1766-1912 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Blackwell family. Additional papers of the Blackwell family, 1851-1972 (inclusive), 1851-1935 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown, 1825-1921. Papers, 1842-1921 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Howland, Emily, 1827-1929. Emily Howland papers, 1797-1938. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. Letters and notes from prominent New Yorkers, 1794-1897. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "Bird" to "Clancy". Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926. Papers, ca. 1849-1963 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Antoinette Louisa Brown Blackwell letter, Blackwell (Anotoinette Louisa Brown) letter, 1869 Redwood Library and Athenaeum
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Fowler family. Fowler and Wells families papers, 1807-1968, 1836-1901(bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn May family. Papers of the May and Goddard families, 1766-1912 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1835 (1845-1934) 1960 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Petition for Universal Suffrage which Asks for an Amendment to the Constitution that Shall Prohibit the Several States from Disenfranchising Any of Their Citizens on the Ground of Sex United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1842-1945 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Diaries (unidentified) collection, 1760-1855. American Antiquarian Society
referencedIn Papers, ca. 1849-1963 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Emily Howland papers, 1797-1938. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Howe family. Papers of the Julia Ward Howe family, 1787-1984 (inclusive), 1787-1944 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Blackwell Family Papers, 1759-1960, (bulk 1845-1890) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Rosenstock autograph collection, 1800-1950 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Lutz, Alma,. Collection of documents by and about abolitionists and women's rights activists: Part 1 (Ad-Lip), 1775-1943 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Fowler and Wells families papers, 1807-1968, 1836-1901(bulk) Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1832-1981 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Hays, Elinor Rice. Elinor Rice Hays papers, 1867-196- Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. Samuel J. May diary, 1860. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Chapman, Mariana W. (Mariana Wright), 1843-1907. Chapman Family Papers, 1808-1983. Swarthmore College, FRIENDS HIST LIBR
referencedIn Gage, Matilda Joslyn, 1826-1898. Papers, 1840-1974 (inclusive) [microform]. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Vassar College. Autograph file: J-R, 1816-1983. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Records of the U.S. House of Representatives. 1789 - 2015. Petitions and Memorials. 1813 - 1968. Petition of E. Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Antoinette Brown Blackwell, and Others Asking for an Amendment of the Constitution that Shall Prohibit the Several States from Disfranchising Any of Their Citizens on the Ground of Sex
referencedIn Inventory to the Records of the Women's Project of New Jersey, 1984-2004 Rutgers University Libraries. Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1918, 1934-1974 (scattered) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Blackwell family. Papers, 1835-1960 (inclusive), 1845-1934 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith ALMA LUTZ, 1890-1973 person
founderOf American Woman Suffrage Association corporateBody
associatedWith Aylesworth, Barton O. (Barton Orville), 1860-1933 person
associatedWith Aylesworth, Barton Orville, 1860-1933. person
associatedWith Blackwell family family
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith Blackwell family. family
associatedWith BLACKWELL FAMILY family
associatedWith BLACKWELL FAMILY family
associatedWith BLACKWELL FAMILY family
spouseOf Blackwell, Samuel Charles, 1823-1901. person
associatedWith Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926. person
associatedWith Chapman, Mariana W. (Mariana Wright), 1843-1907. person
associatedWith Emily, Howland 1827-1929. person
associatedWith Finney, Charles G., 1792-1875 person
associatedWith Fowler family. family
associatedWith Fowler family. family
associatedWith Gage, Matilda Electa Josyln, 1826-1898. person
associatedWith Hays, Elinor Rice. person
associatedWith Hays, Elinor Rice. person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911 person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Howe family. family
associatedWith Howland, Emily, 1827-1929. person
associatedWith JULIA (WARD) HOWE FAMILY family
associatedWith Ladies' Literary Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Lutz, Alma, person
associatedWith Margo E. Horn person
associatedWith MATILDA (JOSLYN) GAGE, 1826-1898 person
associatedWith May family. family
associatedWith May family. family
associatedWith MAY-GODDARD FAMILY family
associatedWith May, Samuel J. (Samuel Joseph), 1797-1871. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Oberlin College corporateBody
associatedWith OLYMPIA BROWN, 1835-1926 person
associatedWith Rosenstock, Fred A., b. 1895 person
associatedWith Smith, Gerrit, 1797-1874 person
associatedWith Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893 person
associatedWith Vassar College. corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Women's Project of New Jersey corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Henrietta NY US
Elizabeth NJ US
Subject
Women clergy
Ẁomen authors, American--Correspondence
Women poets, American--Correspondence
Clergy
Occupation
Ministers
Function

Person

Birth 1825-05-20

Death 1921-11-05

English

Information

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