Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931

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Olga Schnitzler (née Gussmann; 1882-1970) was Arthur's wife; they were married in 1903 and divorced in 1921. Arthur and Olga Schnitzler were good friends of Alma Mahler and Franz Werfel since at least 1921; Alma recounts numerous anecdotes about Schnitzler in her memoir Mein Leben. The Schnitzlers had two children, Lilli and Heinrich. Heinrich Schnitzler (1902-1982) was a director, dramatist, and teacher; he emigrated to the U.S. in 1938. After the Schnitzlers divorced, Alma remained close friends with Olga, who also emigrated to the U.S. during the Nazi era (possibly together with her son Heinrich).

From the description of Correspondence with Alma Mahler and Franz Werfel, 1921-1949. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155864393

Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931), dramatist, novelist and critic, was one of the principal figures in the Viennese fin de siecle movement. He was born in Vienna to a bourgoisie Jewish household and was the son of Johann Schnitzler. He trained as a doctor initially and was particularly interested in psychology and psychiatry. He began his literary career in the 1890s and became known to a wide audience through his play Leibelei which was produced in 1895, building on the reputation of Anatol which was released in 1893. Many of his works, such as La Ronde (1921) and Leutnant Gustl (1900), provoked controversy. His play Professor Bernhardi could not be shown until 1918, 6 years after completion, due to censoring. After establishing his career as a dramatist, he turned to fiction with great success, publishing works such as Sterben (1895) and Frulein Else (1924).

From the guide to the Schnitzler Presscuttings Archive, 1891-1937, 1891-1937, (University of Exeter)

Arthur Schnitzler was an Austrian playwright and novelist known for his psychological dramas that dissect turn-of-the-century Viennese bourgeois life. In addition to writing, Schnitzler also had a medical degree and practiced medicine for much of his life, with an interest in psychiatry.

From the description of Arthur Schnitzler correspondence, manuscript, and drawings, 1926 -1931. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 60525729

Schnitzler was born May 15, 1862 in Vienna, Austria; graduated from the Univ. of Vienna in 1885 and became a practicing physician; he was more interested in a literary career, and his poems began to appear in literary journals under the pen name Anatol in 1886; he characterized himself as an Austrian writer of Jewish origin and wrote plays, short fiction, and novels; died in Vienna on Oct. 21, 1931.

From the description of Papers, 1875-1931. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 40068379

Biography

Schnitzler was born May 15, 1862 in Vienna, Austria; graduated from the University of Vienna in 1885 and became a practicing physician; he was more interested in a literary career, and his poems began to appear in literary journals under the pen name Anatol in 1886; he characterized himself as an Austrian writer of Jewish origin and wrote plays, short fiction, and novels; died in Vienna on October 21, 1931.

From the guide to the Arthur Schnitzler Papers, 1875-1931, (University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.)

Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931), Austrian dramatist, novelist, short story writer and critic, was born in Vienna, the son of Professor Johann Schnitzler, a distinguished Jewish throat specialist. He attended the High School in Vienna, before studying medicine at the University of Vienna, 1879-1885; he opened his own practice in 1893. In his early life Schnitzler developed an interest in psychiatry, and Sigmund Freud became one of his close acquaintances.

At the age of 31 Schnitzler gave up his hospital post and took to writing. Starting in the 1890s he began to write plays which explored the relationship between the sexes through stories of sexual intrigue. His plays Anatol (1893) and Libelei (1895) helped to make him famous in Austria and Germany. His Hands around, or La ronde (1921), created a scandal in German theatre and provoked anti-semitic riots in Berlin. He was cleared at an obscenity trial, but chose to ban any further European performances of the play during his lifetime.

After the collapse of the Habsburg monarchy Schnitzler concentrated on writing fiction. His works include Sterben (1895) and Der weg ins freie ( The road to the opera, 1905), and the short stories Lieutenant Gustl (1900) and Frulein Else (1926). He spent most of his later years in Vienna, concentrating on his writing.

From the guide to the Arthur Schnitzler: Correspondence and Papers, c. 1878-1931, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

Arthur Schnitzler (May 15, 1862 - October 21, 1931), the son of a Jewish physician, took a medical degree and practiced medicine for much of his life, interesting himself particularly in psychiatry. He made his name as a playwright and novelist, known for his psychological dramas that dissect turn-of-the-century Viennese bourgeois life.

His first success was Anatol (1893), a series of seven one-act plays depicting the casual amours of a wealthy young Viennese man. In his play Liebelei (1896) and in his most successful novel, Leutnant Gustl (1901) he depicted the hollowness of the Austrian military code of honor. In the play Professor Bernhardi (1912) and the novel Der Weg ins Freie (1908) he analyzed the position of the Jews in Austria. His works include plays, novels, collections of stories, and several medical tracts.

Source: Encyclopædia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 28 Dec. 2012.

From the guide to the Arthur Schnitzler Autographs Collection, 1880-1931, 1962, (Leo Baeck Institute Archives)

Arthur Schnitzler (1862-1931), dramatist, novelist and critic, was one of the principal figures in the Viennese fin de siecle movement. He was born in Vienna to a bourgoisie Jewish household and was the son of Johann Schnitzler. He trained as a doctor initially and was particularly interested in psychology and psychiatry. He began his literary career in the 1890s and became known to a wide audience through his play 'Liebelei' which was produced in 1895, building on the reputation of 'Anatol' which was released in 1893.

He married Olga Gussman in 1903 and they had two children, Heinrich, who continued Arthur's press cuttings collection (EUL MS 214), and Lili. Arthur and Olga divorced in 1921.

From the guide to the Postcard collection relating to Arthur and Olga Schnitzler, early 20th century, (Special Collections Archives, University of Exeter (GB0029))

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Walter, Bruno, 1876-1962. Bruno Walter material from the Mahler-Rosé collection, 1895-1931. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Arthur Schnitzler correspondence, manuscript, and drawings, 1926 -1931. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Kubrick, Stanley, 1928-. Eyes wide shut: typescript, 1999. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Simon, Richard L. (Richard Leo), 1899-1960. Papers, 1915-1992. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Arthur Schnitzler Autographs Collection, 1880-1931, 1962 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf Postcard collection relating to Arthur and Olga Schnitzler, early 20th century Special Collections Archives, University of Exeter (GB0029)
referencedIn Papers, 1912-1970 (inclusive), 1912-1954 (bulk). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Menger, Carl, 1840-1921. Carl Menger Papers, 1855-1985 (bulk 1867-1921). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Arthur Schnitzler Papers, 1875-1931 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Lying around : ten dialogues from Reigen / by Arthur Schnitzler; translated by Anthony van Winkle. University of Washington Libraries
creatorOf [Arthur Schnitzler, biographical materials]. University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Scheffauer, Herman George, 1878-1927. Herman George Scheffauer papers, 1893-1926. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst. Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst records of censorship cases, 1927-1948. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Dan H. Laurence Collection. How He Lied to Her Husband / by Bernard Shaw ; produced by Granville Barker - program for production at the Royal Court Theatre, London, Feb., 28, 1905. University of Guelph
creatorOf Kubrick, Stanley. Eyes wide shut : screenplay / by Stanley Kubrick & Frederic Raphael ; inspired by Traumnovelle by Arthur Schnitzler. Broken Bow Public Library
referencedIn Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931 [clippings] New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
creatorOf Schnitzler Presscuttings Archive, 1891-1937, 1891-1937 University of Exeter
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Correspondence with Alma Mahler and Franz Werfel, 1921-1949. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Kanin, Fay. The affairs of Anatol : an adaptation ... of the play by Arthur Schnitzler / by Fay and Michael Kanin. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Arthur Schnitzler: Correspondence and Papers, c. 1878-1931 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Peter R. Frank papers, 1968-1990 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Karl Jacoby collection of printed works by Hugo von Hofmannsthal, 1891-1945. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Hare, David, 1947-. The blue room: typescript. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Jakob Wassermann Autographs Collection, 1998-1933 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Frank, Peter R., 1924-. Peter R. Frank papers, 1968-1990. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Arthur Schnitzler: Correspondence and Papers, c. 1878-1931 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Bruno Walter material from the Mahler-Rosé collection, 1895-1931 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Hello again / by Michael John Lachiusa, based on the play "La Ronde" by Arthur Schnitzler ; directed by Christopher Newton, musically directed by Paul Sportelli, 2002 - house program. University of Guelph
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Papers, 1875-1931. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Theatrical designs [graphic] / Gabriel M. Powell, 1930-1977 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Theater und Kunst : Vienna. Theater, opera, and concert programs, 1888-1937. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Frey, Egon, b. 1892. Egon Frey correspondence, 1919-1967. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Geschichte eines Genies [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Theater collection, 1849-1964. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. La Ronde / by Arthur Schnitzler ; translated and adapted by Steve Lawson, 1997. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Letter : Vienna, to unknown woman, 1900, Feb. 9. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Rudolph Seiden Collection, 1840-1939, bulk 1916-1939 Leo Baeck Institute.
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Constable Correspondence, 1929-1954. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, R-Z, and unidentified. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Letters to George Sylvester Viereck, 1927-1928. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Geschichte eines Genies [Multimédia multisupport]. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Schnitzler, Arthur, 1862-1931. Letter : Vienna, to unknown woman, n.p., 1900 Feb. 9. Texas Christian University
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Altenberg Peter 1859-1919 person
associatedWith Bahr Hermann 1863-1934 person
associatedWith Brandes Georg Morris Cohen 1842-1927 person
associatedWith Chentoff, Polia. person
associatedWith Constable (Firm). corporateBody
associatedWith Dan H. Laurence Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Dohnanyi Ernst von 1877-1966 person
associatedWith Fischer, Samuel, 1859-1934 person
associatedWith Fletcher, Lucille. person
associatedWith Frank, Peter R., 1924- person
associatedWith Freud Sigmund 1856-1939 person
associatedWith Frey, Egon, b. 1892. person
associatedWith Greenbaum, Wolff & Ernst. corporateBody
associatedWith Gütersloh, Albert Paris, 1887-1973 person
associatedWith Hare, David, 1947- person
associatedWith Heimann, Moritz, 1868-1925 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
associatedWith Jacoby, Karl, collector. person
associatedWith Kahn, Herman, person
associatedWith Kanin, Fay. person
associatedWith Komisarjevsky, Theodore, 1882-1954 person
associatedWith Kubrick, Stanley. person
associatedWith Kubrick, Stanley, 1928- person
associatedWith Lawson, Steve. person
associatedWith Leo Baeck Institute corporateBody
correspondedWith Lewisohn, Ludwig, 1882-1955 person
associatedWith Mann Thomas 1875-1955 person
associatedWith Menger, Carl, 1840-1921. person
associatedWith Mueller, Hans, 1882-1950 person
associatedWith New York Public Library for the Performing Arts. Billy Rose Theatre Division. Theatre on Film and Tape Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, Dorothy, 1893-1967. person
associatedWith Powell, Gabriel M., 1902- person
associatedWith Reinhardt Max b 1915 person
associatedWith Ritchie, Michael. person
associatedWith Sadleir, Michael, 1888-1957. person
associatedWith Scheffauer, Herman George, 1878-1927. person
associatedWith Schmid Franz Otto person
associatedWith Schnitzler Arthur 1862-1891 person
associatedWith Schnitzler Arthur 1862-1931 person
associatedWith Schnitzler, Heinrich, 1902-. person
associatedWith Schnitzler, Johann, 1835-1893. person
associatedWith Schnitzler, Olga person
associatedWith Schnitzler, Olga. person
associatedWith Seiden, Rudolph, 1900-1965 person
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Simon, Richard L. (Richard Leo), 1899-1960. person
associatedWith Sutton, Eric. person
associatedWith Thompson, Nicolas. person
correspondedWith Titus, Edward W., b. 1880 person
associatedWith Van Winkle, Anthony. person
associatedWith Viereck, George Sylvester, 1884-1962, person
associatedWith Walter, Bruno, 1876-1962. person
associatedWith Wassermann, Jakob, 1873-1934 person
associatedWith Wassermann, Jakob, 1874-1934 person
associatedWith Weltmann, Lutz, 1901- person
associatedWith Williamstown Theatre Festival (Williamstown, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Woodward, Joanne, 1930- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Massachusetts--Williamstown
Austria--Vienna
Subject
German literature--20th century
Authors, Austrian--Archival resources
Austrian fiction 20th century
Austrian drama 20th century
Dramatists--Archival resources
Fiction
Short stories, Austrian 19th century
Austrian fiction 19th century
Drama
Short stories, Austrian 20th century
Jewish authors--Austria--Vienna--Correspondence
Man-woman relationships--Drama
Play
Publishers and Publishing
German literature--Austria--20th century
Clippings (books, newspapers etc.)
Austrian drama 19th century
Austrian newspapers
Film scripts
Theater
Novelists, Austrian--20th century--Correspondence
Dramatists, Austrian--20th century--Correspondence
Novels
Authors
Occupation
Dramatists--Austria--Vienna--Archival resources
Authors, Austrian--Archival resources
Function

Person

Birth 1862-05-15

Death 1931-10-21

Austrians

English,

German

Information

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