Women's National Indian Association (U.S.)

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Organization founded by Mary Lucinda Bonney and Amelia Stone Quinton in 1879. Initially named the Central Indian Committee, and then the Indian Treaty-Keeping and Protective Association (1881-1882), it worked to prevent white settlers from encroaching on American Indian lands. Its name changed to Women's National Indian Association in 1882, and its efforts came to focus largely on Christian missionary work among the Indians and efforts to promote their assimilation into white society. The organization changed its name to National Indian Association in 1901. It was dissolved in 1951.

From the description of Papers of the Women's National Indian Association, 1880-1951. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 71749806

Organization founded by Mary Lucinda Bonney and Amelia Stone Quinton in 1879. Initially named the Central Indian Committee, and then the Indian Treaty-Keeping and Protective Association (1881-1882), it worked to prevent white settlers from encroaching on American Indian lands. A reform organization advocating Christianization and assimilation of American Indians, it was instrumental in the passage of the General Allotment Act of 1887. Led throughout most of its influential years by the indefatigable Amelia Stone Quinton, the Association in its heyday had 60 branch organizations in 27 states. Known for its ability to influence Indian policy on a national level, the organization also supported Christian missions on reservations throughout the country. Its name changed to Women's National Indian Association in 1882, and its efforts came to focus largely on Christian missionary work among the Indians and efforts to promote their assimilation into white society. The organization changed its name to National Indian Association in 1901. While the organization must have generated a mountain of correspondence in its 72 years of existence, very little is found among the papers.It dissolved itself in 1951.

From the guide to the Papers of the Women's National Indian Association, 1880-1951., (Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library)

Originated in 1879, incorporated in 1887.

Objectives were to hasten cultural assimilation of Indians through Christian education and missionary work, and to abolish the reservation system. Women's National Indian Association, 1882-Dec. 1901, when name was changed to National Indian Association.

From the description of Records, 1880-1951. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155481328

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hunt, Katherine Emma, 1821-1915. Narrative, [18--]-1914. Guilford Free Library
referencedIn Jackson, Helen Hunt, 1830-1885. Helen Hunt Jackson letters : to Amelia Quinton and Abbot Kinney : ALS, 1880 Dec.-1884 Feb. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Papers of the Women's National Indian Association, 1880-1951. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Women's National Indian Association of Washington, D.C. Secretaries' records : Washington, D.C., 1882-1903. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Women's National Indian Association of Washington, D.C. Secretaries' records : Washington, D.C., 1882-1903. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Women's National Indian Association (U.S.). Papers of the Women's National Indian Association, 1880-1951. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Clark, Helen W., d. 1937. Washington State Library's Helen W. Clark collection, circa 1908. Washington State Library, Office of Secretary of State
creatorOf Women's National Indian Association (U.S.). Records, 1880-1951. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Clark, Helen W., d. 1937. person
associatedWith Huntington Free Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Hunt, Katherine Emma, 1821-1915. person
associatedWith Indian Treaty-Keeping and Protective Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Helen Hunt, 1830-1885. person
associatedWith National Indian Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Turtle Mountain Mission (North Dakota). corporateBody
associatedWith Women's National Indian Association of Washington, D.C. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's National Indian Association of Washington, D.C. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's National Indian Association (U.S.). Executive Board. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
North Dakota
Oklahoma
Subject
Indians of North America--Cultural assimilation
Social work with Indians
Women--Societies and clubs
Schools
Women missionaries
Indians of North America
Missionaries
Indians of North America--Societies, etc
Women--United States--Societies and clubs
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1880

Active 1951

Information

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