Powell, Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden, Baron Baden-Powell

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Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden Powell was born in London in February 1857. He is most famous for being the founder of the Boy Scouts movement. He died in Kenya in January 1941

From the guide to the Robert Baden Powell collection, 1936, (Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge)

1876-1910 army officer; 1876 lieutenant, 13th hussars; 1878-1880 sick leave; 1880 return to India; 1882-1886 adjutant; 1883 captain; 1887 aide-de-camp to Sir Henry Smyth, commander-in-chief of Cape Colony; 1887-1889 served in Zululand; 1890 brevet-major; 1892 major; 1895 command, native levy for Sir Francis Scott's expedition against King Prempeh of Asante; 1896 brevet lieutenant-colonel; 1896 chief staff officer to Sir Frederick Carrington; 1896–1897 campaign in Matabeleland; 1897 lieutenant-colonel; 1897 command, 5th Dragoon guards; 1899 commander-in-chief, north-west frontier forces; 1900 major-general; 1899–1900 defence of Mafeking; 1900 CB; 1900–1901 operations Transvaal; 1901-1902 on leave from the army; 1902-1904 inspector-general of cavalry; 1903 vice-president, the Boys Brigade; 1904 founder, the cavalry training school at Netheravon; 1906 co-founder, the Cavalry Journal; 1907 lieutenant-general; 1908 founder of the Boy Scouts; 1908-1910 command, the Territorial Force; 1909 knighted; 1909 KCB, KCVO, CVO; 1913 master of the Mercer's Company; 1915 founder of the Girl Guides; 1916 founder of the Wolf Cubs; 1920 chief scout of the world; 1923 Oxford DCL; 1923 GCVO; 1927 GCMG; 1931 Cambridge LLD; 1937 order of Merit; 1937 Carnegie Wateler peace prize.

Epithet: army officer, founder of the Scout movement

Title: 1st Baronet Baden-Powell

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000299.0x00007d

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf MISCELLANEOUS LETTERS AND PAPERS; 15th cent.-1963. Paper and vellum; ff. 72. British Library arrangement. A. Two leaves from the third chapter of 'De Speculatione Musice' by Walter Odington of Evesham; second half of the 15th cent. Latin. See Add. 49..., 1400-1963 British Library
creatorOf Vol. xxxi. (ff. 267). 1936-1938.includes:ff. 1, 2, 15-18, 20, 23-30, 32 Kurt Rhodin, refugee from Nazi Germany: Correspondence of H. Wickham Steed of and concerning Kurt Rhodin: 1936: Partly Germ. and Fr.: Partly signed and copy.ff. 1-30 passim W..., 1936-1938 British Library
referencedIn Vol. VIII. (ff. 165+58*), 1901-1918includes:f. 1 Horatia Charlotte Frances Stopford, Woman of the Bedchamber to Qu. Victoria: Letters, on behalf of the Queen, to Bp. W. Boyd Carpenter: 1887, 1901. f. 3 William Edward Hartpole Lecky, historian: Lette..., 1901-1918 British Library
referencedIn WEIL PAPERS. Vols. VI, VII (ff. iii+96, iii+132). Mafeking Municipality Notices, mostly issued by John Ronald Algie, Town Clerk, and quoting General Orders and notices of Baden-Powell; Aug.-Dec. 1899, Jan.-May 1900. Mostly cyclostyled copies reproduc..., 1899-1900 British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXXXV (ff. 336). Mar.-Sept. 1910.includes:f. 1 Stephen John Aldrich, of the Department of Printed Books, British Museum: Letter to Lord Gladstone: 1910.f. 2 Richard Knight Causton, Baron Southwark: Letters to Lord Gladstone: 1905-1910.f. 4 ... British Library
referencedIn WEIL PAPERS. Vol. I (ff. i+319). Correspondence of B. B. Weil, chiefly with Baden-Powell and other officers, together with lists of provisions and other papers relating to the siege; Oct. 1899-May 1901. A photograph of Weil is at f. i.includes:f. 10 ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. XCIV (ff. 360). July-Oct. 1914.Albert I of Belgium: Papers rel. to the War Refugees Committee: 1914-1919.includes:ff. 1-3 Percy H. Taylor, Mayor of Pietermaritzburg: Correspondence with Lord Gladstone: 1914-1917.ff. 4, 7 Robert Thomas Corynd... British Library
creatorOf Vol. XXII (ff. 261). Aug. 1908-1922.includes:f. 1 Lieutenant-Colonel Godfrey Astell, King's Royal Rifle Corps: Letters to Sir E. T. H. Hutton: 1901-1908. f. 2 James Broughton Dugdale, High Sheriff, county Warwickshire: Letter to Sir E. T. H. Hutton:... British Library
creatorOf SOCIETY OF AUTHORS ARCHIVE. Vol. LXXXIV (ff. 281). 1. ff. 1-127. Robert Stevenson Smyth Baden Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell; 1909-1934. 2. ff. 128-281. Henry Philip Bernard Baerlein (Henry Bernard); 1912-1950.includes:ff. 1-127 General Sir Robert ..., 1909-1950 British Library
referencedIn Memoirs of Colonel Harry Ross, Indian Army 1892-1924, 1869-1929 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XC (ff. 343). Dec. 1912-July 1913.Edward VII of England: Papers, etc., rel. to the order of nurses founded in his memory: 1912-1914.includes:f. 1 William Albert Koller, Toun Clerk of Bloemfontein: Letter, etc., to Lord Gladstone: 1912. f. 3 Lou... British Library
creatorOf ARNOLD-FORSTER PAPERS. Vol. XLVI ('Vol. XXI') (ff. 344). (1) Cavalry. ff. 8-137;-(2) Guards. ff. 138-177;-(3) Artillery. ff. 178-280;-(4) Engineers. ff. 281-309;-(5) Royal Garrison Regiment. ff. 310-337;-(6) Scottish corps. ff. 338-344. 12 Apr. ... British Library
referencedIn Papers of Sir Francis Younghusband (1863-1942) and other members of his family, 1836-1981 British Library
creatorOf WADE PAPERS. Paper; ff. 102. Folio. 1. ff. 1-31. Letters, etc., of Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, as Chief Scout, and others to Major Wade and his wife, Eileen, with related papers; 1909-1958. Partly printed. 2. ff. 32-..., 1909-1958 British Library
referencedIn WEIL PAPERS. Vol. IV (ff. ii+853). Collection of papers, entitled 'Siege of Mafeking: General Orders by Col. R. S. S. Baden-Powell.' A similar volume containing Mafeking General Orders, together with official forms, documents and passes, is among the..., 1899-1901 British Library
referencedIn WEIL PAPERS. Vol. V (ff. 302). General Orders and notices, being duplicates (except ff. 38, 39, 244, 245, 302) of many of the papers in Add. MS. 46851, artt. 1 and 2, but sometimes in abbreviated form or with other variations; Sept. 1899-June 1900. T... British Library
creatorOf MACMILLAN ARCHIVE. Vol. CDLXVII. Correspondence with: 1. Garnet Joseph, Viscount Wolseley; 1869-1887, n.d. 2. Frederick Sleigh, 1st Earl Roberts; 1898-1914. 3. Aileen Mary Sleigh, Countess Roberts; 1921-1936. 4. Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1st Baron Bad..., 1869-1940 British Library
creatorOf WRENCH PAPERS. Vol. IV. 1928-1937. ff. 348. 350 x 250mm.includes:ff. 5, 61 Enoch Arnold Bennett, author: Letters to Sir Evelyn Wrench from Enoch Arnold Bennett: 1928-1929: Signed. f. 6 Bernard Richard Meirion Darwin, sportswriter and essayist; son o..., 1928-1937 British Library
referencedIn William Cowley papers., 1936-1951 British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXXXVI (ff. 307). Oct. 1910-Apr. 1911.includes:f. 1 Sir Alfred Downing Fripp, KCVO; surgeon: Letter to Lord Gladstone: 1910.f. 3 Jean Adams-Acton, widow of J Adams-Acton, sculptor: Letter to Lord Gladstone: 1910.f. 5 Arthur Vine Hall, auth... British Library
creatorOf Vol. XVI (ff. 330). 1886-1892.includes:ff. 1, 16, 20, 243 Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Dobson Middleton, KCMG: Correspondence with E. T. H. Hutton: 1885-1891.ff. 4, 12 Lieutenant-General Sir George Byng Harman, KCB; Military Secretary to War ..., 1886-1892 British Library
referencedIn WEIL PAPERS. Vol. II (ff. 322). General Orders, notices, etc., issued by Baden-Powell or on his behalf, including many of his autograph drafts, together with other correspondence of himself and his staff; Sept. 1899-Aug. 1900. Typewritten versions of... British Library
referencedIn Grant Duff, Mountstuart Elphinstone, Sir, 1829-1906. Grant Duff Collection, 1852-1916 British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXXXIX (ff. 282). May-Nov. 1912.Edward VII of England: Papers, etc., rel. to the order of nurses founded in his memory: 1912-1914.includes:ff. 1-5b, 10-15, 17, 71-75, 175 John Henry De Villiers, 1st Baron De Villiers 1910; Chief Justice of Cap... British Library
referencedIn WEIL PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 134). (1) Correspondence of Baden-Powell and members of his staff with headquarters staff at Cape Town and units in Rhodesia and elsewhere; Oct. 1899-July 1900. ff. 1-58b. (2) Correspondence of Baden-Powell with Boer office..., 1899-1900 British Library
referencedIn WEIL PAPERS. Vol. VIII (ff. ii+ 137). Correspondence of E. J. B. Ross, together with other letters and papers: a collection entitled (f. ii) 'Private Reminiscences: Siege of Mafeking, 1899-1900'; Sept. 1899-May 1900. Included are some of the same let... British Library
referencedIn VISCOUNT GLADSTONE PAPERS. Vol. XXV (ff. 267). Correspondence with Field-Marshal Paul Sanford Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen, mostly as Commander-in-Chief in South Africa; 1895-1914.Field Marshal Paul Sandford Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen: Correspondence w..., 1895-1914 British Library
creatorOf ARNOLD-FORSTER PAPERS. Vol. XXXIX ('Vol. XIV') (ff. 255). Auxiliary forces (general); 6 May 1904-6 Dec. 1905.includes:ff. 8-22 Sir Charles Edward Howard Vincent, KCMG; MP: Letter to A. J. Balfour on Auxiliary forces, etc.,: 1904: Mostly printed.ff.... British Library
creatorOf MILLAR BEQUEST. Vols. XC, XCI. Autograph collection, 1689-1937 British Library
creatorOf Vol. CIV (ff. 232). Sept.-Dec. 1936.includes:f. 1 Azaj Wavqueh Martin, Ethiopian diplomatist: Letter to Lord Cecil from Azaj Wavqueh Martin: 1936: Signed.f. 3 Bolton Peace Week Committee: List of affiliated organisations of Bolton Peace Week Comm... British Library
creatorOf WADE PAPERS. Scouting diary of Lord Baden-Powell; 1904-1916. Preceded (ff. 1b-2) by an index. Paper; ff. i+76. Quarto. 1904-1916.General Sir Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell: Diary,: 1904-1916.includes:f. 2 Major Alexand..., 1904-1916 British Library
creatorOf Robert Baden Powell collection, 1936 Scott Polar Research Institute
creatorOf PAGET PAPERS (3RD SERIES). Vol. IX (ff. 217). General corre-spondence; 1880-1919. Includes a substantial body of letters and notes (ff. 92-161b) relating to Sir Arthur's role in the 'Curragh incident' of Mar. 1914.includes:f. 1 Major-General Charle..., 1880-1919 British Library
creatorOf WRENCH PAPERS. Vol. III. 1912-1928. ff. iii+148. 272 x 200mm.includes:ff. 1-3 Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe: Letters to Sir Evelyn Wrench from Alfred Charles William Harmsworth: 1912-1913: Signed.f. 4 General Sir Robert ..., 1912-1928 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Place Name Admin Code Country
South Africa, Africa
South Africa, Africa
Madras, India
Salem, Madras
South Africa, Africa
Turkestan, Asia
Hunza, Kashmir
Egypt, Africa
Canada, North America
Afghanistan, Asia
Russia, Europe, Asia
Bannu, North-West Frontier Province
Srinagar, Kashmir
Chitral State, India
Cochin State, India
Travancore State, India
Mysore State, India
Bundi State, India
Himalaya Mountains, Tibet
Punjab, India
Chesterfield House, London
Pietermaritzburg, Natal
Waziristan, Pakistan
Mount Everest, Tibet
Mafeking, British Bechuanaland
Tonk State, India
North-West Frontier, India
Colworth House, Bedford
Rangoon, Myanmar
Indore State, India
Paris, France
United States, North America
Burma, Asia
Tibet, Asia
Rhodesia, Africa
Ireland, Europe
South Africa, Africa
Gobi Desert, China
Pondicherry, India
Manchuria, China
Canada, North America
Bhutan, Asia
Mahabaleshwar, Bombay
Satara, Bombay
Quetta, Baluchistan
Afghanistan, Asia
North-West Frontier, India
Gilgit, Kashmir
Pietersburg, the Transvaal
China, Asia
Gulmarg, Kashmir
Pamir, India
Hyderabad State, India
Rustenburg, Transvaal
Abu, Rajputana
Mustagh Pass, Kashmir
Ahmadnagar, Bombay
Russia, Europe, Asia
Canada, North America
Central Asia, Asia
Bijapur, Bombay


Birth 1857

Death 1941


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