Shepard, Alan B. (Alan Bartlett), 1923-1998

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Alan Shepard (b. Nov. 18, 1923-d. July 21, 1998) was born in East Derry, New Hampshire. He began his naval career, after graduation from Annapolis, on the destroyer Cogswell, deployed in the pacific during World War II. He subsequently entered flight training at Corpus Christi, Texas, and Pensacola, Florida, and received his wings in 1947. His next assignment was with Fighter Squadron 42 at Norfolk, Virginia, and Jacksonville, Florida. He served several tours aboard aircraft carriers in the Mediterranean while with this squadron. In 1950, he attended the United States Navy Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Maryland. After graduation, he participated in flight test work which included high- altitude tests to obtain data on light at different altitudes and on a variety of air masses over the American continent; and test and development experiments of the Navy''s in-flight refueling system, carrier suitability trails of the F2H3 Banshee, and Navy trials of the first angled carrier deck. He was subsequently assigned to Fighter Squadron 193 at Moffett Field, California, a night fighter unit flying Banshee jets. As operations officer of this squadron, he made two tours to the Western pacific onboard the carrier Oriskany. He returned to Patuxent for a second tour of duty and engaged in flight testing the F3H Demon, F8U Crusader, F4D Skyray, and F11F Tigercat. He was also project test pilot on the F5D Skylancer, and his last five months at Patuxent were spent as an instructor in the Test Pilot School. He later attended the Naval War College at Newport, Rhode Island, and upon graduating in 1957 was subsequently assigned to the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet, as aircraft readiness officer. Rear Admiral Shepard was one of the Mercury astronauts named by NASA in April 1959, and he holds the distinction of being the first American to journey into space. On May 5, 1961, in the Freedom 7 spacecraft, he was launched by a Redstone vehicle on a ballistic trajectory suborbital flight--a flight which carried him to an altitude of 116 statute miles and to a landing point 302 statute miles down the Atlantic Missile Range. In 1963, he was designated Chief of the Astronaut Office with responsibility for monitoring the coordination, scheduling, and control of all activities involving NASA astronauts. This included monitoring the development and implementation of effective training programs to assure the flight readiness of available pilot/non-pilot personnel for assignment to crew positions on manned space flights; furnishing pilot evaluations applicable to the design, construction, and operations of spacecraft systems and related equipment; and providing qualitative scientific and engineering observations to facilitate overall mission planning, formulation of feasible operational procedures, and selection and conduct of specific experiments for each flight. He was restored to full flight status in May 1969, following corrective surgery for an inner ear disorder. Shepard made his second space flight as spacecraft commander on Apollo 14, January 31 - February 9, 1971. He was accompanied on man''s third lunar landing mission by Stuart A. Roosa, command module pilot, and Edgar D. Mitchell, lunar module pilot. Maneuvering their lunar module, "Antares," to a landing in the hilly upland Fra Mauro region of the moon, Shepard and Mitchell subsequently deployed and activated various scientific equipment and experiments and collected almost 100 pounds of lunar samples for return to earth. Other Apollo 14 achievements included: first use of Mobile Equipment Transporter (MET); largest payload placed in lunar orbit; longest distance traversed on the lunar surface; largest payload returned from the lunar surface; longest lunar surface stay time (33 hours); longest lunar surface EVA (9 hours and 17 minutes); first use of shortened lunar orbit rendezvous techniques; first use of colored TV with new vidicon tube on lunar surface; and first extensive orbital science period conducted during CSM solo operations. Shepard resumed his duties as Chief of the Astronaut Office in June 1971 and served in this capacity until he retired from NASA and the Navy on August 1, 1974.

From the description of Shepard, Alan B. (Alan Bartlett), 1923- (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10679505

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FUNERAL SERVICES FOR ASTRONAUTS GRISSOM AND CHAFFEE, ARLINGTON CEMETERY, VIRGINIA, AND ANDREWS AFB, MARYLAND
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. GEN. O.P. SMITH (USMC) BEING GREETED BY GEN. SHEPARD (USMC) UPON ARRIVAL AT BARPERS POINT
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS, EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT quot;MERCURYquot;
referencedIn MECURY SPACECRAFT 7 MR-3 ON BOARD PERISCOPE FOOTAGE, AND ASTRONAUT SHEPARD PAST MISSION ACTIVITY United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Dealey, Joe M., Jr. Joe M. Dealey Jr. collection, 1900-2010 1970-1990. University of Texas at Dallas. Eugene McDermott Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SURVIVAL TRAINING FOR U.S ASTRONAUTS
referencedIn John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program. 1964 - 1992. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program: John F. Kennedy Oral Histories.. 1964 - 1992. Alan Shepard Oral History Interview
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Gemini-Titan 4 Launch Activities, Cape Kennedy, Florida
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. REDSTONE-MERCURY TEST NO. 108 (MR-3 FIRST MANNED LAUNCH)
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 21
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Alan Shepard's Promotion to Admiral
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Astronaut Malcolm S. Carpenter receives NASA DSM, Patrick AFB and Cape Canaveral, Florida
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referencedIn MERCURY ASTRONAUTS DURING WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING AT EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, CALIFORNIA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records Relating to Mercury 3 and Commander Alan B. Shepard, Jr., USN, 1959-1961. Operational Archive Branch, Naval History Center
creatorOf University of Guelph. Vice President Academic. General file on Alan Shepard, Associate Vice-President (Academic), 2005-2010. University of Guelph
referencedIn Publicity photographs of U.S. Senator Hugh Scott, 1958-1973. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS IN WEIGHTLESS FLIGHT, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO, MARCH 1960
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. APOLLO 12 ASTRONAUTS/WHITE HOUSE GROUP
referencedIn MERCURY ASTRONAUTS VIRGIL GRISSOM AND ALAN SHEPARD TRAINING United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn MERCURY SPACECRAFT 7 REDSTONE MR-3 ON BOARD FOOTAGE AND INSTRUMENT PANEL United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Dr. Stanley C. White Papers, 1950-2000, 1961-1979 Wright State University, Special Collections and Archives
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS EXPERIMENTS ON MERCURY ASTRONAUTS
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. FIRST ASTRONAUT WINGS PRESENTATION
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Video Recordings Documenting the Administration of Daniel Goldin. 1985 - 2001. An Executive Summary of the Greatest Secret of the 20th Century
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. WEIGHTLESSNESS TRAINING FOR ASTRONAUTS, BROOKS AFB, TEXAS
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45 No. 6
referencedIn CDR ALAN SHEPPARD"S FLIGHT IN FREEDOM SEVEN - PROJECT MERCURY MN-8984 H United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy: President's Office Files. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects: Astronauts, Alan Shepard. 5/1/1961 - 6/2/1961. Letter to President Kennedy from Alan Shepard's parents. June 12, 1961
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Video Recordings Documenting the Administration of Daniel Goldin. 1985 - 2001. Fortieth Anniversary of Human Spaceflight
referencedIn Papers of John F. Kennedy: President's Office Files. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects. 1/20/1961 - 11/22/1963. Papers of President Kennedy: President's Office Files: Subjects: Astronauts, Alan Shepard. 5/1/1961 - 6/2/1961. National Broadcasting Company Press Release
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY ASTRONAUTS ZERO-G INDOCTRINATION FLIGHTS, EDWARDS AFB, CALIFORNIA
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 48
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Biography clippings : "S" [surname] folder 1896-2008. Monterey Public Library
referencedIn Cahill, William T. (William Thomas), 1912-1996. William T. Cahill congressional papers, 1959-1970 (bulk 1959-1969). Rutgers University
referencedIn Petitions and Memorials, Resolutions of State Legislatures, and Related Documents Which Were Referred to the Committee on Science and Astronautics during the 87th Congress United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT STEAD AFB, NEVADA
referencedIn 10/1/78, Pres. Carter at Kennedy Space Center (T-16141) Jimmy Carter Library
referencedIn Rich, Richard H., 1901-1975. Richard H. Rich papers, 1902-1981. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MERCURY PRESS CONFERENCE, PATRICK AFB, FLORIDA, 22 FEBRUARY 1961
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. MAJOR COOPER'S MA-9 FLIGHT
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. MOVIETONE NEWS
referencedIn Letters received, 1954-1962. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS IN WEIGHTLESSNESS, SCHOOL OF AVIATION MEDICINE, BROOKS AFB, TEXAS, (EST1959)
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Video Recordings Documenting the Administration of Daniel Goldin. 1985 - 2001. A Vision of Space
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 92
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. FLIGHT OF FREEDOM 7
referencedIn Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976 George Mason University. Special Collections and Archives.
referencedIn Mastery of Space United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. MAN IN SPACE
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS AT CAPE CANAVERAL
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 42
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CDR ALAN S. SHEPARD JR USN PRESENTED NAVY ASTRONAUT WINGS Pentagon
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 23
referencedIn LITTLE JOE IV (LJ-1B) PRELAUNCH ACTIVITIES AT WALLOPS ISLAND, VIRGINIA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury-Redstone 3 quot;Freedom 7quot; Launch, Cape Canaveral, Florida
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. SECNAV AND ASTRONAUTS (Apollo 14)
referencedIn MERCURY SPACECRAFT 13 MA-6 JOHN GLENN PARADE IN HAMPTON, VA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Year of Achievement (Recognition through Performance) United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Motion Picture Films and Video Recordings Relating to Activities at the Kennedy Space Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury-Atlas 7 launch, Cape Canaveral, Cocoa Beach, Florida, Grand Turk Island
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 64
referencedIn The World Was There United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Astronauts in Centrifuge: Mercury Astronauts in the Centrifuge United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Shepard, Alan. Letter to the firm of Parker & Poor. 1817. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Maj Leroy G. Cooper receives award and addresses Congress, Washington, DC
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PROJECT MERCURY (LITTLE JOE)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Project Mercury Astronaut Training
referencedIn PROJECT MERCURY ASTRONAUTS IN PROCEDURES TRAINER United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Manned Spacecraft Center Technical Documents, 1961 - 1963 United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Southwest Region
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PROJECT MERCURY (LITTLE JOE)
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Gemini-Titan (GT-II) launch, AF Eastern Test Range, Florida
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUTS RECEIVE COLLIER TROPHY
creatorOf Records of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. 1903 - 2006. Headquarters Astronaut Interviews. 1965 - 1971. Astronaut interview, Alan Shepard
referencedIn Marshall Star, 1960 - 2006 United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Atlanta Branch
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT: DESERT ROCK - quot;Aquot; BOMB TEST NEVADA
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. Mercury astronaut meeting, Andrews AFR, Maryland
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PROJECT, quot;MERCURYquot; Aviation Medical Acceleration Lab, Johnsville
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ASTRONAUT'S PRESS CONFERENCE, PATRICK AFB, FLORIDA
referencedIn Seven Astronauts Were Needed for Seven Vital Jobs United States. National Archives and Records Administration. Southwest Region
referencedIn STATEMENTS OF ASTRONAUTS JOHN GLENN AND ALAN SHEPARD United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Audio Recordings. 1942 - 1999. YEAR IN SPACE, 1961
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Senate. 1789 - 2015. Committee Papers. 1958 - 1976. Photograph of Astronaut Alan E. Shepard, Jr.
creatorOf John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program. 1964 - 1992. John F. Kennedy Library Oral History Program: John F. Kennedy Oral Histories.. 1964 - 1992. Alan Shepard Oral History Interview
referencedIn FIRST FLIGHT OF PROJECT MERCURY United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 104
referencedIn News of the Day (June 6)
referencedIn Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. Arthur E. Scott photograph collection, 1910-1976. George Mason University, Fenwick Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Arthur E. Scott, 1917-1976 person
associatedWith Cahill, William T. (William Thomas), 1912-1996. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dealey, Joe M., Jr. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Rich, Richard H., 1901-1975. person
associatedWith Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. person
correspondedWith Theodore Roosevelt Association. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Guelph. Vice President Academic. corporateBody
associatedWith White, Stanley C., 1926-2011 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1923-11-18

Death 1998-07-21

Americans

English

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Ark ID: w62b9ffh

SNAC ID: 72063419