Sanders, Ronald, 1932-1991

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Ronald Sanders (1932-1991), was a noted historian, author and lecturer on Jewish history.

Sanders lectured in history at Queens College from 1958 to 1964 and served as editor of the monthly Jewish review, Midstream from 1965 to 1975. From 1975 to his death he was a freelance author publishing eight books, contributing to four others, and writing numerous essays and articles.

From the description of Ronald Sanders papers, 1951-1994. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 86164198

Ronald Sanders was born on July 7, 1932 in Union City, New Jersey. His father was English-born Tin Pan Alley musician George H. Sanders, who penned the nursery rhyme, I'm a Little Teapot. His mother, Rose Rachlin, was the daughter of Russian-Jewish immigrants. They met and married in New York in 1925. They had two children, Marilyn and Ronald.

After Ronald's birth the family moved to the Flatbush section of Brooklyn, N.Y. He attended public schools between 1938 and 1950 and then continued on to Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, in 1950. He was awarded the 1950 George F. Baker Scholarship. Sanders majored in English literature and studied with eminent poet and critic, John Crowe Ransom . He served as the editor of the school's literary magazine. In 1953 he was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa.

Later that year Sanders entered the U.S. Army. He completed his college degree in 1954 at the end of the first of his two years of military service, where he served as a corporal. Free time was spent discussing politics and culture with others in the barracks, publishing the 28th Infantry newspaper, and working with a local theatre company. During boot camp, soldiers were required to fill out various forms, including one for their dog tags. One question asked for their preference of religious affiliation. Though he was raised in a home where neither Anglican nor Jewish parental faith traditions were practiced, the only relatives Sanders knew were his mother's warm Jewish family. He chose to place a Jewish identifier on his dog tag. This decision proved to be significant life choice.

Returning to New York in 1955 following his Army discharge, Sanders considered law and medicine as possible careers paths. But Sanders wanted to write and study history. Reasoning that a career in academia would allow him to do both, he pursued that path by studying American history at Columbia University. His subject interests, socialism and Jewish history, became intertwined in his Master's thesis, Abraham Cahan and The Jewish Daily Forward. He completed his Master of Arts in 1957 and continued with doctoral studies in early modern European history at Columbia, while teaching history at Queens College in the evening. French socialist Jean Jaurès became the focus for Sanders' dissertation studies. In 1960 he won a Fulbright Fellowship to live to Paris and research his subject. During this year abroad Sanders took advantage of a group excursion to the Soviet Union, and concluded his year away with two months in Israel. These experiences would also have significant influences on the course of his life.

Sanders resumed his position at Queens College upon returning home, but his travels had left a strong impression on him, particularly an experience in the Soviet Union. While in Moscow he visited an old synagogue where he began chatting, in Yiddish, with an elderly man. They discussed current life in the city and times past. Sometime later Sanders, reflecting back on this encounter, wrote that he felt he had seen the Jewish future while visiting Israel, but had connected with a living Jewish past in Moscow.

Prior to his travels abroad Sanders had established himself as an writer by publishing book reviews in professional journals. In 1962 the monthly Jewish Review, Midstream, chose him to write the main article in their issue celebrating the 100th aniversary of the publication of Moses Hess' Rome and Jerusalem, which was the call for the establishment of a Jewish state. The success of that article led to another on the American Yiddish press, a familiar subject thanks to his Master's thesis.

Sanders continued to teach, but academic advancement was taking a back seat to non-academic writing projects. In 1963 he took a year's leave to live in Israel, study Hebrew and work on the archeological dig at Masada, hoping to turn his experiences there into a book. He returned again to Queens College at the end of this leave, but it became apparent to the school administration that he was not going to complete his doctoral studies and they did not offer him a contract for the new academic year

His literary abilities established, Sanders was offered and accepted a position as an Assistant Editor at Midstream. He worked there steadily until 1975, the last three years as Editor-in-Chief. His position at Midstream did not, however, curtail other writing projects. In 1966 Sanders published Israel: The View from Masada, the memoir of his experiences in Israel. His next volume, Downtown Jews: Portrait of an Immigrant Generation, was published in 1969. By the time he left Midstream to write full-time, Sanders had published over 22 principal articles and numerous reviews, editorials, and occasional pieces for that magazine and several articles for Commentary. He had contributed to three volumes on Jewish history and the Middle East, co-edited an anthology, and published three of his own full-length works. He had also written dozens of short articles and book reviews that were published in periodicals such as The New York Times Book Review, The New Republic, and The Nation, among others. In 1970 he was awarded the B'nai B'rith Book Award .

As a freelance writer Sanders published five additional major works on Jewish subjects, including The High Walls of Jerusalem: A History of the Balfour Declaration and the Birth of the British Mandate for Palestine (1984), considered by many to be the definitive work on that subject. He continued to write and publish short pieces and became an independent lecturer for convocations or college classes and Jewish community centers. He was a visiting lecturer at Haverford College in the 1984 - 1985 academic year and taught a class at the Bennington Writers Workshop in Vermont in the summer of 1985.

In 1989 Sanders was invited to apply for the B.G. Rudolph Chair in Jewish Studies at Syracuse University. After several rounds of lectures and presentations, Sanders was offered the Chairmanship for the 1988-89 academic year. He delivered the annual B.G. Rudolph Chair in Jewish Studies Lecture on October 29, 1988 on the subject of The Americanization of Isaac Bashevis Singer. He intended this lecture to be the basis for his next full-length work, but it was not to be. Though he accepted the Chairmanship, he had to withdraw his acceptance soon after due to failing health. Sanders had been diagnosed with cancer. Though he continued writing, applied for and won a 1991-92 National Endowment for the Humanities grant to conduct research for the Singer book, he did not live to use it, succumbing to bone and liver cancer on January 11, 1991.

Sanders married Beverly Gingold, a teacher and later an editor of American Crafts magazine, on March 19, 1967. They made their home in New York City. They have no children.

From the guide to the Ronald Sanders papers, 1951-1994, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Ronald Sanders papers, 1951-1994 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn George Balanchine archive, 1924-1989 (inclusive), 1961-1983 (bulk). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Sanders, Ronald, d. 1991. Ronald Sanders papers, 1951-1994. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sanders, Ronald, d. 1991. Abraham Cahan and the Jewish labor movement in New York, 1882-1914. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Lenya, Lotte, 1898-1981. Personal correspondence, 1922-1981 (bulk, 1950-1981). Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison
creatorOf Jacobson, Dan. Papers, 1941-1994. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Abravanel, Maurice person
associatedWith Amichai, Yehuda person
associatedWith Amichai, Yehuda. person
correspondedWith Balanchine, George. person
associatedWith Berlin, Isaiah, Sir. person
associatedWith I. B. Singer person
associatedWith Isaac Bashevis Singer person
associatedWith Jacobson, Dan. person
associatedWith Joshua, Israel person
associatedWith Katz, Shlomo person
associatedWith Katz, Shlomo. person
associatedWith Lenya, Lotte, 1898-1981. person
associatedWith Malamud, Bernard person
associatedWith Malamud, Bernard. person
associatedWith Senator Eugene McCarthy person
associatedWith Singer, Isaac Bashevis, 1904-1991. person
associatedWith Wiesel, Elie person
associatedWith Wiesel, Elie, 1928- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
Brooklyn (New York, N.Y.)
Masada Site (Israel)
Great Britain
(New York, N.Y.)
Masada Site (Israel)
Lower East Side (New York, N.Y.)
New York (State)--New York
Jewish diaspora
Zionism--Great Britain
Jews--New York (State)--New York--Lower East Side
America--Race relations
Jews--New York (State)--New York--Social life and customs
Immigrants--New York (State)--New York
Singer, Isaac Bashevis--1904-
Jews--Social life and customs
Weill, Kurt--1900-1950
Press, Socialist
Jewish college students
Cahan, Abraham--1860-1951
Jews--Lower East Side (New York, N.Y.)
Authors, American


Birth 1932-07-07

Death 1991-01-11








Ark ID: w61z671d

SNAC ID: 9687744