McCain, John S. (John Sidney), 1911-1981

Variant names

Hide Profile

John Sidney "Jack" McCain Jr. (January 17, 1911 – March 22, 1981) was a United States Navy admiral who served in conflicts from the 1940s through the 1970s, including as the Commander, United States Pacific Command.

The son of a naval officer, McCain grew up in Washington, D.C., and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1931, after which he entered the submarine service. During World War II he commanded submarines in several theaters of operation and was responsible for sinking several Japanese ships, eventually being decorated with both the Silver Star and Bronze Star. After the war, he held a variety of commands, specializing in amphibious warfare. He led the 1965 U.S. invasion of the Dominican Republic. He also served in several posts in Washington, including the Legislative Affairs Office and as Chief of Naval Information, where he became influential in political affairs. He was a staunch anti-Communist, and his advocacy of a strong naval presence earned him the nickname of "Mr. Seapower".

During the Vietnam War, McCain was Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Command (CINCPAC), commanding all U.S. forces in the Vietnam theater from 1968 to 1972. He was a stalwart supporter of President Richard Nixon's policy of Vietnamization. McCain played a significant role in the militarization of U.S. policy towards Cambodia, helping to convince Nixon to launch the 1970 Cambodian Incursion and establishing a personal relationship with Cambodian leader Lon Nol. McCain was also a proponent of the 1971 incursion into Laos. He retired from the Navy in 1972.

His father, John S. McCain Sr., was also an admiral in the Navy and was a naval aviator; the two were the first father-son duo to achieve four-star rank. His son, John S. McCain III, was a former naval aviator who was a prisoner of war in North Vietnam during McCain's time as CINCPAC, who retired with the rank of captain and later became a United States Senator and the 2008 Republican Party nominee for President of the United States.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1900-1988 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE LAIRD VISITS HICKAM, HICKAM AFB, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PRES. NIXON'S MEETING WITH SOUTH; VIETNAM'S PRES. THIEU LOCATION-MIDWAY ISLAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CLOSING OF NAVAL SHIPYARD AT BROOKLYN, N. Y National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. IWO JIMA LANDING MEMORIAL CEREMONY Armed Forces Staff College, Norva National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991. Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1900-1988 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. OPERATION STEELPIKE 1 (MN-10042) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. ADMIRAL MOORER AT HICKAM AFB, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. OPERATION STEELPIKE I MN-10042 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Ford, J. mss., 1906-1976 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn Records of the Department of Veterans Affairs. 1773 - 2007. Records Concerning the Advisory Committee on Cemeteries and Memorials National Archives at Washington, D.C
referencedIn Milton Caniff Collection, 1805-2007, 1910-1988 The Ohio State University Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. OPERATION STEELPIKE I (MN-10042) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT) Change of Command National Archives at College Park
creatorOf John Sidney McCain Papers, 1933-1945 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT) Change of Command National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. ADM. WILLIAM F. HALSEY INTERVIEWED. AMBASSADOR HOTEL, LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CLOSING OF NAVAL SHIPYARD, BROOKLYN N. Y National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. COMBAT ACTION 15 NOV. 1944 TO 18 JAN. 1945: TRANSFER OF PERSONNEL AT SEA; BURIAL AT SEA National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN 9797) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. SANTO DOMINGO National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CNO NORFOLK VISIT AND SECOND FLEET CHANGE OF COMMAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Goldberg, Arthur J. Arthur J. Goldberg papers, 1793-1990 (bulk 1941-1985). Library of Congress
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CNO NORFOLK VISIT AND SECOND FLEET CHANGE OF COMMAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Thach, John S. Oral history typescript entitled "Reminiscences of ADM John S. Thach, USN," Vol. I done by the U.S. Naval Institute. Naval War College, Henry E. Eccles Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. NAVAL ACADEMY COMMENCEMENT 1970 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER MN-9797 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. OPERATION STEELPIKE I (MN-10042) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PRES. NIXON'S MEETING WITH SOUTH VIETNAMquot;S PRES. THIEU National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. FLEET CONFERENCElt;*gt; SCENES ABOARD ADM. HALSEYquot;S FLAG SHIP National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. MARINES AT GUADALCANAL National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CNO NORFOLK VISIT AND SECOND FLEET CHANGE OF COMMAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. PRESIDENT NIXON'S VISIT, JOHNSTON ISLAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. VICE PRESIDENT AGNEW AT HICKAM AIR FORCE BASE, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. AN ANSWER (MN-9797) Taken Aboard USS FORRESTAL (CVA-59) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT) Change of Command National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. COMBAT ACTION 15 NOV. 1944 TO 18 JAN. 1945. amp; GENERAL DECK SCENES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. APOLLO 12 SUPPORT, PAGO PAGO, AMERICAN SAMOA, PEARL HARBOR AND HICKAM AFB, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Burns, Robert L. Papers, 1935-1945. Operational Archive Branch, Naval History Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. KEYSTONE EAGLE RETURN OF 9TH DIVISION 4TH BATTALION 39TH INFANTRY FROM VIETNAM TO HAWAII, HICKAM AFB, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. AIR FORCE SUPPORT FOR APOLLO 13, PAGO PAGO, AMERICAN SAMOA AND HICKAM AIR FORCE BASE, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. OPERATION STEELPIKE I MN-10042 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CHANGE OF COMMAND AT CINUSNAVEUR, LONDON National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [SEPT. 15] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. SCENES ABOARD USS MISSOURI (BB-63) Third Fleet Headquarters National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CNO NORFOLK VISIT AND SECOND FLEET CHANGE OF COMMAND National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Arthur J. Goldberg Papers, 1793-1990, (bulk 1941-1985) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. OAS CHANGE OF COMMAND Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CLOSING OF NAVAL SHIPYARD AT BROOKLYN, N. Y National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. VICE PRESIDENT AGNEW, HICKAM AFB, HAWAII National Archives at College Park
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PRES. NIXON'S MEETING WITH SOUTH VIETNAM'S PRES. THIEU National Archives at College Park
Relation Name
associatedWith Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991. person
associatedWith Burns, Robert L. person
associatedWith Ford, John, 1895-1973 person
correspondedWith Goldberg, Arthur J. person
correspondedWith Goldberg, Arthur J. person
parentOf McCain, John, 1936- person
childOf McCain, John Sidney, 1884-1945 person
associatedWith Milton Caniff person
associatedWith Thach, John S. person
memberOf United States. Navy corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. Carrier Task Force, Second corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Council Bluffs IA US
Atlantic Ocean 00
Subject
World War, 1939-1945
World War, 1939-1945
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1911-01-17

Death 1981-03-22

Male

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61p0pf4

Ark ID: w61p0pf4

SNAC ID: 1976029