Franks, Gary, 1953-Variant names
Gary Alvin Franks (born February 9, 1953) is an American politician who was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut for six years, from 1991 until 1997. He is the first African-American elected to the U.S. Congress from Connecticut, the first modern black conservative elected to Congress, and the first black Republican elected in sixty years. Franks ran for the United States Senate in 1998, losing to incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Chris Dodd.
Franks was born in Waterbury, Connecticut. He was elected president of his class at Sacred Heart High School, matriculating to Yale University where he received his Bachelor of Arts in 1975. He was captain of the basketball team and a free agent for the New Orleans Jazz NBA team. Franks worked in labor relations for 10 years at Continental Can Co., Chesebrough-Pond's Inc. and Cadbury Schweppes PLC before founding his own real estate firm in Waterbury. Franks served as a member of the Waterbury board of aldermen from 1986 to 1990. He was an unsuccessful candidate for Connecticut comptroller in 1986.
Elected to the House of Representatives in 1990, Franks was the first African-American Republican to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives since Oscar Stanton De Priest won his last term representing the South Side of Chicago in 1932. The other African-American Republican member of the U.S. House in the 1990s was J. C. Watts from Oklahoma. In his 1990 election, Franks defeated former 6th District congressman Toby Moffett, whom Franks portrayed as too liberal to represent the district. Both President George H. W. Bush and his wife Barbara Bush campaigned for Franks.
Franks won in a three-way election in 1992 when Democratic candidates split between endorsed candidate Judge James Lawlor, a moderate from Waterbury, and A Connecticut Party candidate Lynn Taborsak, a pro-labor candidate from Danbury. James H. Maloney, then the Democratic state senator from Danbury, challenged Franks in 1994 and received 46% of the vote. In a 1996 rematch, Maloney ran again and defeated Franks, benefiting from President Bill Clinton's strong showing in Connecticut.
Frank's high visibility in congress led to speculation about a run for higher office. Franks declared his candidacy for U.S. Senate in 1998, challenging incumbent Senator Chris Dodd. He ran unopposed for the Republican nomination. Franks was defeated by Dodd in the election, receiving just 32 percent of the vote.
In 1999, Franks founded and became a partner in the public affairs firm, Gary Alvin Associates, LLC based in Washington, DC. Franks has served as an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University and is currently a Visiting Professor at Hampton University and the University of Virginia He also served as president and chairman of Pacific Rim Trading & Investment Corp., a Fort Lauderdale group that recycles American scrap metal from America to China.
|referencedIn||Records of the U.S. Sentencing Commission, 1984 - . Congressional Correspondence Committee and Sub-Committee Files, 2015 - 2019.||National Archives Library, National Archives Records Administration|
|employeeOf||Cadbury Schweppes, P.L.C.||corporateBody|
|memberOf||Congressional Black Caucus (United States)||corporateBody|
|employeeOf||Continental Can Company||corporateBody|
|employeeOf||Hampton University (Va.)||corporateBody|
|memberOf||United States. Congress. House||person|
|associatedWith||University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive.||corporateBody|
|employeeOf||University of Virginia||corporateBody|
|Place Name||Admin Code||Country|
|District of Columbia||DC||US|
|Real Estate Executive|
|Representatives, U.S. Congress--Connecticut|