Tyner, Mccoy

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Phenomenal jazz pianist McCoy Tyner was born December 11, 1938, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of parents with roots in North Carolina. Tyner attended Martha Washington Grade School and Sulzberger Jr. High School. Tyner, with the encouragement of his teacher Ms. Addison and his mother, Beatrice Stephenson Tyner, began taking beginning piano lessons from a neighbor, Mr. Habershaw. Later, a Mr. Beroni taught Tyner classical piano. Although inspired by the music of Art Tatum and Thelonius Monk, it was his neighborhood Philadelphia musicians that pushed Tyner's musical development. He engaged in neighborhood jam sessions with Lee Morgan, Bobby Timmons and Reggie Workman. Tyner was hand picked by John Coltrane in 1956, while still a student at West Philadelphia High School. Around this same time, Tyner converted to Islam.

After high school, Tyner toured with Bennie Golson and Art Farmer, and can be heard on their hit record,Killer Joeand the albumMeet The Jazztet. In 1960, he became a part of John Coltrane's legendary quartet that included Elvin Jones and Jimmy Garrison. Later, the group included Eric Dolphy, Pharoah Sanders and others exploring themes of spirituality and African identity. Tyner can be heard onAfrica Brass, A Love Supreme, My Favorite ThingsandKulu Se' Mama. He also recorded as a leader on Impulse! Records'Inception, Night of Ballads,Blues,Live at Newportand several others.

Leaving Coltrane in 1965, Tyner played with a who's who of jazz greats including: Joe Henderson, Freddie Hubbard, Gary Bartz, Ron Carter, Billy Cobham, Roy Haynes, Stanley Clarke, Sonny Rollins, and many others. He can be heard on a number of albums, including:The Real McCoy, 1967,Asante, 1970,Sahara, 1972,Trident, 1975,The Greeting, 1978,Inner Voices, 1990, andInfinity, 1995, displaying his variety and flexibility as a jazz musician. An innovator, Tyner performed with strings on 1976'sFly With The Windand with a big band onThe Turning Point, 1991. With over eighty albums to his credit and five Grammy Awards, Tyner was nominated at the 45th Grammy Awards for Best Instrumental Jazz Recording forMcCoy Tyner Plays John Coltrane: Live at the Village Vanguard, and in 2004, Tyner'sIlluminationswon a Grammy for Best Jazz Album, Individual or Group. Like John Coltrane, Tyner strives to elevate his listeners' consciousness.

Tyner's energetic style embraces African, Latin, Eastern and bebop rhythms, which he plays in bright clusters. His block chords, pentatonic scales and modal structures have earned him international recognition among the top jazz pianists of all time. Tyner is the recipient of numerous honors including the National Endowment of the Arts' Jazz Master Award in 2002 and the 2003 Heroes Award from the Philadelphia Chapter of the Recording Academy. In 2005, Tyner received an honorary doctorate of music from Berklee College in Boston, Massachusetts.

From The HistoryMakers™ biography: https://www.thehistorymakers.org/biography/A2004.164

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Hip toe [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Southern Folklife Collection Artist Name File, 1940-2005 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Folklife Collection.
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... What's new [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Port au blues [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Port au blues [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Loverman [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... What's new [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Loverman [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Harkins, Elizabeth R. Steinway oral history, 1974-1981 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... You taught my heart to sing [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Simpkins, Cuthbert Ormond, 1947-. Cuthbert Simpkins interviews on John Coltrane, 1971-1974. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... You taught my heart to sing [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Island birdie [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Island birdie [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Senior Carlos [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Senior Carlos [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
referencedIn Duke Ellington recordings collection Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Tyner, McCoy, 1938-.... Hip toe [Multimédia multisupport] / Tyner McCoy, p. Bibliothèque nationale de France, BnF
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf The HistoryMakers Video Oral History with McCoy Tyner The HistoryMakers
Relation Name
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dodge, Joseph Jeffers person
associatedWith Simpkins, Cuthbert Ormond, 1947- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Bergenfield (N.J.)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
Subject
Occupation
Jazz Pianist
Function

Person

Birth 1938-12-11

Birth 19381211

Americans

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