Ross, John, 1812-?

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John Ross was born October 3, 1790 in Alabama. He was one-eight Cherokee, seven-eights Scottish. He grew up and was educated in a traditional school in Kingston, Tennessee. At the age of nineteen, he began his political career with the Cherokee Nation. In 1809, Ross was entrusted by Indian Agent Return Meigs to go to the Arkansas Cherokees. After that, Ross devoted his life to achieving freedom and political recognition for the Cherokee Nation. Ross fought in the War of 1812 and played a roll in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. In 1820, Ross worked with the Cherokee Nation to form a republic, in hopes of achieving recognition from the federal government and to avoid forced relocation. In forming the Republic, Ross and the Cherokees divided their nation into eight districts with a legislature and drew up a constitution. The constitution included a President of the National Council, and Ross was the ideal candidate and was elected as the first and only President of the Cherokee National Council. Despite Ross's best efforts, the Cherokee Indians were relocated to Oklahoma in 1838. Even after their relocation, Ross continued to work for recognition and the Cherokees appointed him Chief of the United Cherokee Nation in 1838. Ross held that position until he died on August 1, 1866 in Washington, D.C.

From the description of The John Ross Collection. 1838. (Pritzker Military Library). WorldCat record id: 232155747

Captain (CPT) John Ross served with the adjutant general's department at headquarters of the 2nd Armored Division in North Africa, Sicily, and Europe.

From the description of John Ross papers, 1944-1945. (US Army, Mil Hist Institute). WorldCat record id: 58427947

Under-secretary of the British Home Office and member of the Reform Club (London, England). Author of a 1953 report on child migration.

From the description of Correspondence with Johan Thorsten Sellin, 1930-1961. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 243777155

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Madison, James, Sr., b. 1723. Account books and miscellaneous papers, 1952-1912 [microform]. Library of Virginia
creatorOf Brucefield, Ont. To Mr. Ross' Congregation and His Personal Friends, Brucefield, March 18, 1887. University of Guelph
creatorOf Ross, John. The John Ross Collection. Pritzker Military Museum & Library, Pritzker Military Library
creatorOf Getty Research Institute. Study photographs of ancient mural painting. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Ross, John. Papers, 1888-1965, bulk 1940-1965. Eastern Washington University, JFK Library
creatorOf Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. Autograph letter signed : to John Ross, 1776 Sept. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Getty Research Institute. Study photographs of ancient sculpture in the round. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Harkins, Elizabeth R. Steinway oral history, 1974-1981 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Hardin, Martin D., 1873-1935. Martin D. Hardin papers, 1881-1963, 1881-1946 (bulk). Cornell University Library
creatorOf ROSS, JOHN. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
creatorOf Ross, John. Account books, 1772-1794 (inclusive) 1772-1789 (bulk). Rutgers University
referencedIn Smith family. Papers, 1757-1861. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Ross, John. John Ross correspondence 1857. Appalachian State University, ASU
referencedIn Papers, 1889-1995. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
creatorOf Ross, John B. Youngstown (Campbell) 1916 Fire and Riot / John B. Ross ; interviewed by Phillip J. Bracy. Youngstown State University, William F. Maag Jr. Library
referencedIn United States. War Dept. Correspondence, 1811-1913, 1811-1882 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Getty Research Institute. Study photographs of ancient portrait sculpture. Getty Research Institute
creatorOf Ross, John. John Ross papers, 1944-1945. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
creatorOf Ross, John. Letter, 1952, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Mumford, Lewis, 1895-. Lewis Mumford, collector, publications, 1880-1972, 1880-1932 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Ross, John : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Parke, Thomas, Dr. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1750-1789. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Ross, John. Correspondence with Johan Thorsten Sellin, 1930-1961. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Ross, Dean, 1923-,. Oral history interview with Dean Ross, [dvd] / interviewed by Anne Dyni and filmed by Liz McCutcheon, 2007. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Parish-Rosseel correspondence, 1761-1880, 1807-1816 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Allibone, S. Austin (Samuel Austin), 1816-1889. Correspondence of Baltimore, Maryland merchants 1771-1885. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Davis, Genevieve Adale. Genevieve Adale Davis photograph collection [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Butler, Pierce, 1744-1822. Note : to John Ross, 1795 Oct. 23. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Knox College (Galesburg, Ill.). [Faculty series] / [Knox College, Galesburg, Ill.]. Knox College, Seymour Library
creatorOf Ross, John. Certified account of John Ross, 1779-1780. Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Appalachian State University. W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection. Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Bracy, Phillip. person
associatedWith Brucefield, Ont. corporateBody
associatedWith Butler, Pierce, 1744-1822. person
associatedWith Colville Indian Reservation (Wash.) corporateBody
associatedWith Davis, Genevieve Adale. person
associatedWith Getty Research Institute. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Home Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Hardin, Martin D., 1873-1935. person
associatedWith Knox College (Galesburg, Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Madison, James, Sr., b. 1723. person
associatedWith Morris, Robert, 1734-1806. person
associatedWith Mumford, Lewis, 1895- person
associatedWith Parke, Thomas, Dr. person
associatedWith Ross, Dean, 1923-, person
associatedWith Smith family. family
associatedWith United States. Army. Armored Division, 2nd corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Campbell (Ohio)
Bonhamtown (N.J.)
Washington (State)
Middlesex County (N.J.)
Edison (N.J. : Township)
New Jersey--Bonhamtown
World War, 1939-1945--Correspondence
Cherokee Nation--History--1809-1866
Cherokee Indians--History--1809-1866
Indians of North America--Government relations--1934-
Cherokee Indians--Education
Cherokee Indians--Government relations
General stores
Indians of North America--Land tenure
Merchants--New Jersey--Bonhamtown


Birth 1812

Death 1880



Ark ID: w6154k3r

SNAC ID: 33257303