Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956

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20th century German-Polish-Jewish Rabbi, scholar, and a leader of Progressive Judaism. On 27 Jan. 1943, he was deported to the Theresienstadt concentration camp. He became the "honorary head" of the Council of Elders (Judenrat) in Theresienstadt. As such, he was protected from transports and with his protection list, could also save his relatives from transports, among others his grand-niece Ruth (b. 1925). Moreover, Baeck became "prominent", which meant that he had better accommodation, better food and could receive mail more often. He gave lectures, was active in the interfaith dialogue between the Jews and Christians of Jewish origin, worked in the youth care sector, which he directed from Nov. 1944 on, and was friendly with many of the functionaries. After the liberation, he headed the Council of Elders.

From the description of Leo Baeck statement, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 733569543

Rabbi and instructor at the Universities of Breslau and Berlin; he later became a leader of German Jewry during the Nazi period.

From the description of Leo Baeck correspondence, 1949 Jan. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703284269

From the description of Leo Baeck correspondence, 1952 Dec. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703451408

From the description of Leo Baeck correspondence, 1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703450747

From the description of Leo Baeck correspondence, 1953 Dec. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703432655

From the description of Leo Baeck correspondence, 1953 Nov. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703282916

From the description of Leo Baeck correspondence, 1951. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 724512560

From the description of Leo Baeck speech, 1906 Aug. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703887770

From the description of Leo Baeck statement, 1953. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 703284340

Dr. Rudolf Jaser started this correspondence after he heard Leo Baeck speaking on a BBC London radio program. They met several times during Baeck’s visits to Germany. Ruth Berlak continued the correspondence after Leo Baeck’s death in 1956.

From the guide to the Letters to Rudolf Jaser, 1946-1961, (Leo Baeck Institute Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Fritz Friedlaender Collection, 1933-1972 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland and predecessor organizations. Records of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland correspondence case files reports memoranda. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Sandmel, Samuel. Papers, 1928-1980. American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck correspondence, 1949 Jan. 5. American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck correspondence, 1951. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden Collection, 1933-1963, bulk 1933-1934 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Wilhelm Levison Collection, 1823-1977, bulk 1930s Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Feldman, Abraham J. (Abraham Jehiel), 1893-1977. Papers, 1906-1977. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Countries collection: Germany files, 1919-1945. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck correspondence, 1952 Dec. 16. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn American Federation of Jews from Central Europe. Records, 1939-1975. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn United States Holocaust Memorial Council. 1981 International Liberators Conference collection of liberator testimonies Terezin testimonies. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Leo Baerwald Collection, 1798-1971, bulk 1922-1960 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Baron, Salo W. (Salo Wittmayer), 1895-1989. Salo Wittmayer Baron papers, ca. 1900-1980. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck speech, 1906 Aug. 11. American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck statement, 1953. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Emigration Collection, 1864-1995 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck correspondence, 1953 Nov. 3. American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck correspondence, 1952. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Leo Baeck Family Collection, 1771-2011, bulk 1914-1956 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Malvin Warschauer Collection, 1917-1988, bulk 1917-1954 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Fritz Kaufmann Collection, 1934-1958, bulk 1934-1936 Leo Baeck Institute.
creatorOf Letters to Rudolf Jaser, 1946-1961 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Lewin, Isaac,. Lewin collection, [ca. 1200]-1942, [ca. 1700]-1942 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers of Rabbi Bruno Italiener, 1928-1956 University of Southampton Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Morgenstern, Julian, 1881-1976. Papers, 1900-1974 (bulk 1940s-1974). American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck correspondence, 1953 Dec. 9. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Council of Jews from Germany Collection, undated, 1936-1994, bulk 1950-1977 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Baron, Salo W. Papers, 1900-1980 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Baeck, Leo, 1873-1956. Leo Baeck statement, undated. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Hirsh, Norman D.,. Oral history interview with Norman D. Hirsh, Apr. 16, 1987. University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Emil Bernhard Cohn Collection, 1899-1948 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn World Union for Progressive Judaism. Records, 1926-1986. American Jewish Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Federation of Jews from Central Europe. corporateBody
associatedWith American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Baerwald, Leo. person
associatedWith Baron, Salo W. (Salo Wittmayer), 1895-1989. person
associatedWith Berlak, Ruth person
associatedWith B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundations. corporateBody
associatedWith Cohn, Emil, 1881-1948 person
associatedWith Council of Jews from Germany corporateBody
associatedWith Dreyfus, Marianne person
correspondedWith Epstein, Louis H. person
correspondedWith Feldman, Abraham J. (Abraham Jehiel), 1893-1977. person
associatedWith Friedlaender, Fritz, 1901-1980 person
associatedWith Hirsh, Norman D., person
associatedWith Kassel, Eric, 1893-1969. person
associatedWith Landman, Nathan M. person
associatedWith Leo Baeck Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Levison, Wilhelm, 1876-1947 person
associatedWith Lewin, Isaac, person
correspondedWith Lichtenberg, Leo, 1915-1977 person
associatedWith Mendelssohn family. family
associatedWith Mendelssohn, Moses, 1729-1786. person
correspondedWith Morgenstern, Julian, 1881-1976 person
associatedWith Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland and predecessor organizations. corporateBody
associatedWith Sandmel, Samuel. person
correspondedWith Shindler, Eliʻezer, 1892-1957 person
associatedWith Theresienstadt (Concentration camp) corporateBody
associatedWith United States Holocaust Memorial Council. corporateBody
correspondedWith Vise, Alfred person
associatedWith Warschauer, Malwin, 1871-1955 person
correspondedWith Wasserhart, Bernhard, 1887-1972 person
associatedWith World Union for Progressive Judaism. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Hendon (London, England)
Germany
Europe
Europe
Europe
Virginia--Charlottesville
Europe
Ohio--Cincinnati
United States
Europe
Charlottesville (Va.)
Europe
Europe
Europe
Cincinnati (Ohio)
Europe
Ohio--Cincinnati
Czech Republic
Subject
Bar mitzvah
Jewish teenagers
Holocaust survivors
Gifts
Jews--Corresponedence
World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation
Jews, German
Dedications
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Jewish families
Berlak, Ruth
Rosh ha--Shanah
Jewish youth
Jaser, Rudolf
Hospitality
Occupation
Rabbis--Europe
Function

Person

Birth 1873-05-23

Death 1956-11-02

Germans

German,

Hebrew

Information

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SNAC ID: 29286700