Applegate, O. C. (Oliver Cromwell), 1845-1938

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Oliver Cromwell Applegate was born in Oregon in 1845 to Lindsay and Elizabeth Applegate. He began his career in 1865 by assisting his father, who was subagent of the Indian agency at Ft. Klamath. During the winter months young Applegate taught in Ashland. In 1867, the governor of Oregon asked Applegate, who had become a captain in the Oregon Volunteer Militia, to lead a new militia of Indians, the "Axe and Rifle Company," to protect wagon trains and build a road to the Warm Springs Reservation. He became subagent at Yainax in 1871, where he remained until the outbreak of the Modoc War. During the Modoc War he served as a scout and an interpreter, and served on the Peace Commission that was proposed by his father. After the Modoc War Applegate left the Indian Service and returned to ranching. In 1873, he became a U.S. Commissioner with local jurisdiction over crimes committed against federal law. In 1898 Applegate was appointed Klamath Indian Agent, and although he resigned in 1905, he continued to work with the federal government on Indian issues such as the Grande Ronde tribal status challenge. During this time he also established a real estate business. In his later years he was recognized as a pioneer figure, and was often consulted by historians and writers of western fiction. Applegate died in Oregon in 1938.

From the description of Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers, 1841-1938. (University of Oregon Libraries). WorldCat record id: 57229277

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Morrison, Robert,. Robert Morrison photographic collection [graphic], circa 1858-1902. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Applegate, O. C. (Oliver Cromwell), 1845-1938. Oliver Cromwell Applegate papers, 1841-1938. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Colver family papers, circa 1860-1888 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Horner, John B., 1856-1933. John B. Horner collection [manuscripts], circa 1902-1932. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Colver, Samuel, 1815-1891. Colver family papers, 1860-1923. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
creatorOf Applegate, Jesse A. (Jesse Applegate), 1835-1919. Jesse A. Applegate collection, 1861-1934. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Applegate family. Applegate family papers [manuscript], circa 1840-1930. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Applegate family. family
associatedWith Applegate family. family
associatedWith Applegate, Frank G. (Frank Guy), 1881-1931 person
associatedWith Applegate, Ivan D. person
associatedWith Applegate, Jesse A. (Jesse Applegate), 1835-1919. person
associatedWith Applegate, Lindsay. person
associatedWith Applegate, Robert S. person
associatedWith Applegate, Sallie. person
associatedWith Clarke, S. A. (Samuel Asahel), 1827-1909. person
associatedWith Colver family family
associatedWith Colver, Samuel, 1815-1891. person
associatedWith Dye, Eva Emery, 1855-1947. person
associatedWith Hammer, Seth R. person
associatedWith Hermann, Binger, 1843-1926. person
correspondedWith Horner, John B., 1856-1933. person
associatedWith May, Samuel E. person
associatedWith Meacham, A. B. (Alfred Benjamin), 1826-1882. person
associatedWith Morrison, Robert, person
associatedWith Rogers, Amos. person
associatedWith Steel, William Gladstone. person
associatedWith Victor, Frances Fuller, 1826-1902. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Frontier and pioneer life
Indians of North America--Government relations


Birth 1845-06-11

Death 1938-10-11



Ark ID: w6125qzz

SNAC ID: 43552649