Golding, William, 1911-1993

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Author William Golding was born in Cornwall, and educated at Oxford, where he dedicated himself to literature. He worked in theater, as a schoolteacher, and served in World War II. His first novel, Lord of the Flies, brought him popular and critical acclaim, and he has remained one of England's most widely known and influential authors. His allegorical novels explore the conflict between man's civilized and primitive tendencies, and have been widely interpreted. He also wrote plays, short stories, essays, poetry, and travel books; his work has been awarded the Booker Prize and the Nobel Prize for literature.

From the description of William Golding letters, radio script, and galley proofs, 1960-1973. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 62589891

Sir William Gerald Golding (1911-1993), novelist, was born in Newquay, Cornwall at his grandmother's house. He was educated at Marlborough Grammar School, where his father taught and Brasenose College, Oxford, reading natural science before transferring to English Literature. In 1934 he published a small volume, 'Poems', in Macmillan's Contemporary Poets Series.

He moved to London in 1935, working as a writer, actor and producer for a small, non-commercial theatre before taking up teaching in 1939 when he married and had a family. At this time he was also involved in adult education, teaching in army camps and Maidstone gaol.

During the World War II he served in the Royal Navy, firstly working in a weapons research unit where he was injured, then trained to bring mine-sweepers from New York. He later commanded a landing craft equipped with rocket guns, taking part in the D-day landings and the invasion of Walcheren.

He returned to writing and teaching after the war. 'Lord of the flies', his first and best known novel, was not published until 1954 by Faber and Faber, after being rejected by 21 publishers and changes to the text. It was an immediate success,

Golding wrote 12 novels, many essays and reviews, poems, short stories and a travel book about Egypt. 'The Inheritors' (1955) was followed 'Pincher Martin' (1956), 'The Brass Butterfly' (a play, 1958), 'Free Fall' (1959), 'The Spire' (1964) and 'The Hot Gates' (1965), a collection of essays and reviews.

Golding's other novels are: 'The Pyramid' (1967), The Scorpion God' (three novellas, 1971), Darkness Visible' (1979), 'Rites of Passage' (1980) which won the Booker Prize, and is the first book of the trilogy 'To the Ends of the Earth', 'The Paper Men' (1984) and 'The Double Tongue' (1995).

In 1961, he was able to resign as a school teacher and in 1983 was awarded the Nobel prize for literature. Golding died in 1993 at his home in Perranarworthal, near Truro.

From the guide to the William Golding's 'The Plays of Christopher Marlowe', 1921, (Special Collections Archives, University of Exeter (GB0029))

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Guide to the Shaw Festival productions, 2000 - study Guide. University of Guelph
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Brass Butterfly / by W. Golding ; directed by J. Shaw, 1973 - performance file. University of Guelph
referencedIn Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Inc. records, 1899-2003, 1945-1989 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf OAC Review Index (University of Guelph). O.A.C. Rifle Association / G. L. Weatherston, OAC Review, v.48, no.1, Oct. 1935, p. 27. University of Guelph
creatorOf William Golding, letters to Roger Bowen, 1959-2006 Special Collections Archives, University of Exeter (GB0029)
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Lord of the Flies / adapted for the stage by Nigel Williams from the novel by William Golding ; directed by Neil Munro, designed by Cameron Porteous, 2000 - Production Photos. University of Guelph
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). The Lord of the Flies / adapted for the stage by Nigel Williams, from the novel by William Golding ; directed by Neil Munro, 2000 - performance files. University of Guelph
referencedIn William Force Stead papers, 1859-1968, 1900-1940 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Letters. University of South Alabama, Marx Library
creatorOf Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Inc. records, 1899-2003 (bulk 1945-1989). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Stead, William Force. William Force Stead papers, 1859-1972 (bulk 1900-1940). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Brook, Peter. Lord of the flies, 1961 June 6. Ohio State University Libraries
creatorOf Baldwin, Faith, 1893-1978. Smart Set Papers, 1952-1964. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Golding, William, 1911-1993. William Golding letters, radio script, and galley proofs, 1960-1973. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Rubin, Louis Decimus, 1923-. Louis Decimus Rubin papers, 1945- (Series 1.1.1 D-H) [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf McArthur, Bill. Bill McArthur letters received as editor of Cleft and Gambit literary periodicals, 1962-1964. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf OAC Review Index (University of Guelph). O.A.C. Rifle Association, OAC Review, v.47, no.6, Mar. 1935, p. 370, con't on p. 375. University of Guelph
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Brass Butterfly / by William Golding ; directed by Joseph Shaw, 1973 - house program. University of Guelph
referencedIn British Council letters and reports, 1960-2001 Reading University : Special Collections Services
referencedIn Kermode, Frank, 1919-2010. Sir Frank Kermode papers 1951-2005. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Brass Butterfly / by William Golding ; directed by Joseph Shaw ; lighting plan by Donald Acaster, 1973. University of Guelph
referencedIn Great authors poster collection. The University of Tulsa, McFarlin Library
referencedIn Mary Katharine Woodworth papers, 1787-1989 Bryn Mawr College
referencedIn Monteith, Charles. Charles Monteith papers, 1948-1994. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Bradbury, M. mss. II, 1949-1993 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Brass Butterfly / by W. Golding, 1973 - production photos. University of Guelph
referencedIn Letters and documents. Hollins University, Wyndham Robertson Library
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Lord of the Flies / adapted for the stage by Nigel Williams ; from the novel by William Golding ; directed by Neil Munro ; designed by Cameron Porteous, 2000 - set model. University of Guelph
creatorOf William Golding's 'The Plays of Christopher Marlowe', 1921 Special Collections Archives, University of Exeter (GB0029)
creatorOf Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph). Lord of the Flies / adapted for the stage by Nigel Williams, from the novel by William Golding ; directed by Neil Munro, 2000 - house program. University of Guelph
creatorOf Brownjohn, Alan, 1931-. Writers in education questionnaire annotated responses, and photographs, 1979-1996. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
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Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Ayrton, Michael, 1921-1975. person
associatedWith Bradbury, Malcolm, 1932-2000 person
associatedWith British Council corporateBody
associatedWith Brownjohn, Alan, 1931- person
associatedWith Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. corporateBody
correspondedWith Kermode, Frank, 1919-2010. person
associatedWith Macauley, Robie, person
associatedWith McArthur, Bill. person
associatedWith Monteith, Charles. person
associatedWith Nead, Vera Lawrence, person
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith OAC Review Index (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Rubin, Louis Decimus, 1923- person
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Shaw Festival Collection (University of Guelph) corporateBody
associatedWith Stead, William Force. person
associatedWith Woodworth, Elizabeth person
Place Name Admin Code Country
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Male authors, English--20th century--Correspondence
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Birth 1911-09-19

Death 1993-06-19

Britons

English

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