Wallop, Malcolm

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Malcolm Wallop was United States Senator from Wyoming from 1977-1995. He was born in New York City in 1933 and later attended public schools in Cody, Wyoming, and the Cate School in California. He graduated from Yale University in 1954 with a Bachelor of Arts Degree. Wallop authored the 1977 Wallop Amendment to the Surface Mining Act, helped to establish more state control of natural resources, reduced income taxation, established greater 5th Amendment protection for private property owners, and supported a more aggressive role in U.S. Defense policy. After retirement in 1995, he founded the Frontiers of Freedom Institute, a policy group.

From the description of Malcolm Wallop papers, 1965-1997 (bulk 1977-1995) (University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center). WorldCat record id: 66905790

Malcolm Wallop was a United States Senator from Wyoming from 1977-1995. Wallop was born in New York City in 1933 and later attended public schools in Cody, Wyoming and the Cate School in Carpenteria, California. Wallop graduated from Yale University in 1954 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He served in the United States Army Artillery as a first lieutenant from 1955-1957. His family had substantial historical ties to Wyoming, and Senator Wallop operated a cattle ranch prior to his entry into politics. He was a Republican member of the Wyoming State House of Representatives for two terms (1969-1972) and of the Wyoming State Senate for one term (1973-1976).

During his tenure in the US Senate, Wallop served on the following committees: Judiciary, (a first for a non-lawyer); Finance; Energy and Natural Resources; and Labor and Human Resources. He served as chairmen of two subcommittees; Public Lands, Reserved Water and Resource Conservation; and Energy and Agricultural Taxation. He was a member of a number of subcommittees including: Energy Research and Development, Natural Resources Development and Production, International Trade, Taxation and Debt Management, Labor, Aging and Education, Arts and Humanities, and the budget subcommittee of the Select Committee on Intelligence.

Wallop helped to establish more state control of natural resources, reduced income taxation, argued for greater 5th Amendment protection for private property owners who were subject to “takings,” and advocated a more aggressive role in U.S. defense policy during the later stages of the Cold War. He was an advocate for the participation of the United States in world trade, was a supporter of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and was a member of the Helsinki Commission.

His most notable legislative achievement was his authorship of the Wallop Amendment to the 1977 Surface Mining Act. This established a compensation plan for miners who were adversely affected by government regulation. He also authored a highly influential bill cutting the tax on inheritance and gifts that was a major component of President Reagan’s 1981 tax reduction plan. He also was one of the first politicians to go on record in favor of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).

After stepping down from the Senate in 1995, Wallop founded the Frontiers of Freedom Institute, a lobbying firm that promotes smaller Federal government. He also was the general chairman of the 1996 presidential campaign of Steve Forbes. Senator Wallop was also sought after as a frequent public speaker.

From the guide to the Malcolm Wallop papers, 1965-1997, 1977-1995, (University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Stein and Day Publishers. Records, 1963-1988. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Malcolm Wallop papers, 1965-1997, 1977-1995 University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
creatorOf Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914-. Harry Flood Byrd, Jr. papers, [1920?], 1960, 1966, 1982-2005. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wallop, Malcolm. Malcolm Wallop : commercials, 1976-1988. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
referencedIn Simpson, Alan K. Photographs, ca. 1920-1997. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
creatorOf Wallop, Malcolm. Malcolm Wallop papers, 1965-1997 (bulk 1977-1995) University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Stein and Day Publisher Records, 1963-1988 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914- person
associatedWith Cheney, Richard B. person
associatedWith O'Connor, Sandra Day, 1930- person
associatedWith Reagan, Ronald. person
correspondedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Simpson, Alan K. person
associatedWith Stein and Day Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith Weinberger, Caspar W. person
associatedWith Weinberger, Caspar W. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Wyoming
United States
United States
Wyoming
Subject
Politicians
Advertising, political
Legislators
Television advertising
Politicians--United States
Legislators--United States
Occupation
Politicians
Politicians--Wyoming
Legislators
Function

Person

Birth 1933-02-27

Death 2011-09-14

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