Strong, Eugénie, 1860-1943

Alternative names
Birth 1860-03-25
Death 1943-09-16

Biographical notes:

Eugenie Strong was born on March 25, 1860. Educated in France, she came up to Girton College in 1879 to read for the Classical Tripos, which she took in 1882. On leaving Girton she spent several years training for a career in archaeology. She taught in London for a time, then spent time studying and working at the British School at Athens and in Germany, where she worked with Adolf Furtwangler. In 1897, she married Sandford Arthur Strong, orientalist and Librarian to the House of Lords and also Librarian and Keeper of the Duke of Devonshire's books and statuary at Chatsworth. After Arthur Strong's death in 1904 she carried on his work at Chatsworth till 1909, when she was appointed Assistant Director of the British School at Rome. She spent the rest of her life in Rome. During this period she returned to the Roman Catholic faith which was a very strong influence in her later years. She was elected Girton's first Research Fellow in 1910 and was also a Life Fellow of the College. She received many honours, but in particular she was made, in 1927, a CBE, and in 1938 she was awarded the Serena gold medal for Italian studies by the British Academy. She died in Rome on September 16, 1943. The bulk of Eugenie Strong's papers were deposited in the Library of Girton College in 1949. Correspondence concerning the acquisition of the papers, including some letters written by Maurice Baring to ES, 1955-66, is to be found in the papers of Mary Cartwright at GCAR 1/13/1/3. [NB: further papers are held by the British School at Rome. There are also letters from Maurice Baring to ES held by the Sterling Memorial Library of Yale University - see GCPP Strong 3/2.] It would appear that Eugenie Strong and/or her younger sister Charlotte Leigh Smith conducted a large degree of sorting of the papers and this arrangement has been left broadly intact.

From the guide to the Personal Papers of Eugenie Strong, 1877-1965, (Girton College Library, University of Cambridge)


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  • Archaeology
  • Art--History
  • Catholicism
  • Women's education


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