Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931-

Alternative names

Hide Profile

General secretary, Kommunisticheskai︠a︡ partii︠a︡ Sovetskogo Soi︠u︡za, 1985-1991; president of the Soviet Union, 1990-1991.

From the description of Dialog o perestroĭke, "prazhskoĭ vesne" i sot︠s︡ializme : typescript, 1994 / Mikhail Gorbachev, Zdenek Mlynarzh. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122500680

Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev (1931-) was leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1985 to 1991. Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931, in Privolnoe, Russia, into a family of farmers. In 1952 he became a member of the Communist Party and a student at Moscow State University. A year later he married Raisa Titorenko. After he graduated from the University's law division in 1955, he moved to Stavropol to work as an organizer for the Komsomol (Young Communist League). In 1962 he became party organizer for the Stavropol region and then first secretary of Stavropol four years later. During this time, he also earned an advanced degree in agrarian economics from the Stavropol Agricultural Institute. By 1970 he was first secretary for the Stavropol Territorial Party Committee. In 1978 he moved to Moscow to assume the position of party secretary for agricultural administration. In October 1980 he became a member of the ruling Politburo of the Communist Party. In March 1985 the Politburo elected him leader of the USSR. Despite Gorbachev's efforts to increase economic efficiency, Soviet industrial and agricultural production continued to decline. During the late 1980s, some ethnic groups, such as the Lithuanians, sought independence, and tensions between different ethnic groups caused political unrest and civil warfare. In the face of these domestic problems, Gorbachev turned his attention to the Soviet Union's relations with the United States and other nations. In November 1985 he met with U.S. President Ronald Reagan in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1988 Gorbachev visited New York City, and Reagan visited Moscow. In June 1991 the Russian Republic elected a new president, Boris Yeltsin, who was not a member of the Communist Party. Two months later, a group of Communist Party conservatives sought to control the USSR, launched a coup, and captured Gorbachev. Yeltsin's intervention led to the end of the coup and Gorbachev's release within a few days. On December 25, 1991, Gorbachev formally resigned as president of the Soviet Union, which was rapidly breaking apart into independent republics. He continued to write, speak publicly, and travel internationally throughout the 1990s. In May 2000 he founded a new political party, the Russian Social Democratic Party.

From the description of Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931- (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10611567

Biographical/Historical Note

General secretary, Kommunisticheskaia partiia Sovetskogo Soiuza, 1985-1991; president of the Soviet Union, 1990-1991.

From the guide to the Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev typescript : Dialog o perestroike, "prazhskoi vesne" i sotsializme, 1994, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Rogers, Fred. [Address by Fred Rogers at the Public Broadcasting Service development conference] : speech (document) Saint Vincent College, Saint Vincent Library
referencedIn Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1928-. Zbigniew Brzezinski papers (primary record), 1798-2009 (bulk 1952-2007). Library of Congress
referencedIn Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994. The Cyrus R. Vance collection of Dean Rusk audiovisual materials, 1987-1989. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, February 21, 1991
referencedIn Yevtushenko, Yevgeny Aleksandrovich, 1933-. Papers, ca. 1920-1999, ca. 1945-1997 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Weiss, Avraham. Avi Weiss and Pamela Cohen broadside concerning Mikhail Gorbachev 1991 Yeshiva University
referencedIn Manning, Gordon. [Interview with Gordon Manning] [sound recording] / Gordon Manning ; [interviewed by] David Marc, New York City, September 30, 1997. Syracuse University
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. MEDIUM AND SHORT-RANGE MISSILE PROPOSAL - SHULTZ
referencedIn Hammond, Thomas Taylor. Thomas Taylor Hammond papers [manuscript], ca.1949-1992. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Maclean, Fitzroy, 1911-1996. Papers of Sir Fitzroy Maclean, 1827-1861, 1911-1966. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882. SxL House Design Competition : competition documents, 1991- Centre canadien d'architecture, | Canadian Centre for Architecture | CCA
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. SPECIAL - REAGAN-GORBACHEV NEW YEAR'S DAY MESSAGES
referencedIn Warner, John W., 1927-. Senator John Warner papers, 1979-2009. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1928-. Zbigniew Brzezinski papers : Part II, 1798-2009 (bulk 1960-2007). Library of Congress
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Negatives Collection, Bulk, 1968-1990, 1930-2001 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Records of the White House Photograph Office. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. George H. W. Bush Presidential Photographs. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President Bush and President Gorbachev sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) in the Kremlin in Moscow, Soviet Union
referencedIn Fidel Castro photographs collection, [1950s]-[1980s] Princeton University Library
referencedIn Luxembourg-Harvard Association. Records of conferences held by the Luxembourg-Harvard Association, 1987-1988. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Hammerschmidt, John Paul, 1922-. John Paul Hammerschmidt papers [manuscript] 1916-2009 University of Arkansas - Fayetteville, University Libraries
referencedIn Regan, Donald T. Papers, 1919-1993 (bulk 1981-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Donald T. Regan Papers, 1919-1993, (bulk 1981-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Executive Secretariat, National Security Council: Records. 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. Executive Secretariat, National Security Council: Records: Head of State File. 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. ID #8691024, Head of State File, Executive Secretariat, NSC
referencedIn Parkinson, Roger P., 1941-. Roger P. Parkinson papers, 1970-1993 (bulk 1983-1992). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Publications
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE SOVIET UNION - ORLOV/ALEXEYEVA
referencedIn Photographs Used as Illustrations in Issues of the Journal "Problems of Communism", 1989 - 1992 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Mikhail Sergeevich Gorbachev typescript : Dialog o perestroike, "prazhskoi vesne" i sotsializme, 1994 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Photographs of German politicians, political groups and events, 1945-1988. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn [Mikhail S. Gorbachev pamphlet collection]. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Records of the White House Photograph Office. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. George H. W. Bush Presidential Photographs. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President Bush has lunch with Soviet President Gorbachev aboard the Maxim Gorky during the Malta Summit
referencedIn Prez, James. 6 Russian seascapes / James L. Prez. Albright-Knox Art Gallery, G. Robert Strauss, Jr. Memorial Library
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union. Jack Sheinkman. Additional books, memorabilia, and files. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Armand Hammer Papers, circa 1508-1989 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Regan, Donald T. Papers of Donald T. Regan, 1919-1993 (bulk 1981-1987). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. GENEVA SUMMIT - PALMER
referencedIn Executive Secretariat, National Security Council: Records. 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. Executive Secretariat, National Security Council: Records: Head of State File. 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. ID #8590683, Head of State File, Executive Secretariat, NSC
referencedIn Komissii︠a︡ po rassledovanii︠u︡ prichin i obstoi︠a︡telʹstv gosudarstvennogo perevorota na temu "O roli repressirovannykh organov v gosudarstvennom perevorote 19-21 avgusta 1991 g." (Russia). Supreme Soviet Investigation of the 1991 Coup : The Suppressed Transcripts: Part 1. Hearings "Concerning the Role of Repressive Organs in the Putsch of 19-21 August 1991," 1992. Library of Congress
creatorOf United States. Congress. Senate. Correspondence to Chaim Potok, 1993-1994. University of Pennsylvania Library
referencedIn Papers, 1853-2005 (inclusive), 1939-2003 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn David Hamburg papers, 1949-2003. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Hedrick Smith Papers, 1923-1992, (bulk 1965-1990) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Photographic Portraits and Events Coverages Relating to Secretaries of State
referencedIn [Mikhail S. Gorbachev pamphlet collection] [microform]. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. ARMS CONTROL - NITZE
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. ARMS CONTROL ISSUES - KAMPELMAN
referencedIn National Conference on Soviet Jewry, records, undated, 1949, 1954, 1956, 1958-1993 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Records of the White House Photograph Office. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. George H. W. Bush Presidential Photographs. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President Bush and President Gorbachev give a joint press conference at Findlandia Hall, Helsinki, Findland during the Helsinki Summit
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Photo File Photographs
referencedIn "To Touch History: Gorbachev at Stanford" [videorecording], 1990 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Photographs, 1910-1995, (Bulk 1960-1979) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. ARREST OF DANILOFF - MCLAUGHLIN/KONDRACKE/THATCHER
referencedIn Executive Secretariat, National Security Council: Records. 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. Executive Secretariat, National Security Council: Records: Head of State File. 1/20/1981 - 1/20/1989. ID #8591239, Head of State File, Executive Secretariat, NSC
referencedIn David Hoffman Papers. 1979 - 1993. Presidential Files
creatorOf Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931-. Dialog o perestroĭke, "prazhskoĭ vesne" i sot︠s︡ializme : typescript, 1994 / Mikhail Gorbachev, Zdenek Mlynarzh. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn White House Office of Appointments and Scheduling Files. 1989 - 1993. Presidential Daily Diary and Presidential Daily Backup Materials. 1/20/1989 - 1/20/1993. President's Daily Diary Entry, February 22, 1991
referencedIn Daniel Yankelovich Papers., 1937-1994 Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. SPECIAL - REAGAN-GORBACHEV NEW YEAR'S DAY MESSAGES
referencedIn Records, 1946-2000 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Gaillard, Frye, 1946-. Frye Gaillard papers, 1970s-1993 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Remarks made by Mikhail Gorbachev at the University of Virginia Founder's Day celebration, 1993 April 13. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. CONFERENCE ON SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE - RIDGWAY
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. UNITED STATES-SOVIET RELATIONS - SONNENFELDT
referencedIn The, Daily Worker, and, The Daily World, Photographs Collection, Bulk, 1930-1990, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Smith, Hedrick. Hedrick Smith papers, 1923-1992 (bulk 1965-1990). Library of Congress
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to U.S. Domestic and International Activities . 1982 - 1999. BUSH/GORBACHEV SUMMIT
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Video Recordings from the "Worldnet Today" Program Series. 1980 - 1994. SPEECH TO CONGRESS ON GENEVA SUMMIT - REAGAN
referencedIn Zbigniew Brzezinski Papers, 1798-2009, (bulk 1952-2007) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990. Armand Hammer papers, circa 1508-1989. Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union. corporateBody
associatedWith Brzezinski, Zbigniew, 1928- person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Gaillard, Frye, 1946- person
associatedWith Hamburg, David A., 1925- person
correspondedWith Hammer, Armand, 1898-1990. person
associatedWith Hammerschmidt, John Paul, 1922- person
associatedWith Hammond, Thomas Taylor. person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, James E., 1914-2007 person
associatedWith Komissii︠a︡ po rassledovanii︠u︡ prichin i obstoi︠a︡telʹstv gosudarstvennogo perevorota na temu "O roli repressirovannykh organov v gosudarstvennom perevorote 19-21 avgusta 1991 g." (Russia). corporateBody
associatedWith Luxembourg-Harvard Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Maclean, Fitzroy, 1911-1996. person
associatedWith Manning, Gordon. person
associatedWith Mlynár person
associatedWith Mlynář, Zdeněk. person
associatedWith National Conference on Soviet Jewry corporateBody
associatedWith Parkinson, Roger P., 1941-. person
associatedWith Prez, James. person
associatedWith Regan, Donald T. person
associatedWith Rogers, Fred. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994. person
correspondedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
associatedWith Smith, Hedrick. person
associatedWith Smith, Hedrick. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith Warner, John W., 1927- person
associatedWith Weiss, Avraham. person
associatedWith Yankelovich, Daniel. person
associatedWith Yevtushenko, Yevgeny person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Czechoslovakia Politics and government 1945-1992.
Soviet Union
Czechoslovakia
Soviet Union Politics and government 1985-1991.
Subject
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1931-03-02

Male

Soviet Union

English,

Russian

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60p14b7

Ark ID: w60p14b7

SNAC ID: 61057671