Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907

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Cleveland Rockwell was born in 1837 in Youngstown, Ohio, the son of a lawyer who was involved with the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad. After the death of Rockwell's mother the family moved to Cleveland. He attended secondary school in Troy, New York, and later became a student at New York University. In 1856 he was appointed to the U.S. Coast Survey and carried out a survey of the islands in New York harbor. He later surveyed areas in South Carolina and the Georgia coast. During the Civil War he surveyed areas around Port Royal and the Savannah River, and then areas on the coasts of Virginia and Maine. He was commissioned a Captain of Engineers in 1863 and surveyed the area of Knoxville, Tenn. After the war he worked with other U.S. engineers in Colombia and later conducted surveys in Georgia.

In 1867 Rockwell was promoted to the post of Assistant in the Coast Survey and transferred to San Francisco. He surveyed the area around San Francisco and then went north to survey the entrance to the Columbia River from 1868 to 1870. He then worked in California. In 1873 he married Cornelia Flemming Russell, who came of a prominent Tennessee family. He continued work on the Columbia River surveys but returned for projects in California from time to time. He moved from San Francisco to Albina, Oregon (later part of Portland) in the late 1870s. He worked in various parts of Oregon, surveyed the Willamette River, and traveled to Alaska and British Columbia. In 1887-1889 he conducted a survey of the Oregon coast, and after additional work in southern California he retired to Portland in 1892. Also in that year he traveled to Alaska. Toward the end of his life he worked as a civil engineer, was active in local banking and in Republic party politics, and contributed articles to the Pacific Monthly and the West Shore. His drawings were used in the decoration of the battleship Oregon's silver punch set in 1897. He died in Portland in 1907.

From the description of Cleveland Rockwell papers, 1862-1907. (Oregon Historical Society Research Library). WorldCat record id: 63113375

Cleveland Rockwell was born in 1837 in Youngstown, Ohio, the son of a lawyer who was involved with the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad. After the death of Rockwell's mother the family moved to Cleveland. He attended secondary school in Troy, New York, and later became a student at New York University. In 1856 he was appointed to the U.S. Coast Survey and carried out a survey of the islands in New York harbor. He later surveyed areas in South Carolina and the Georgia coast. During the Civil War he surveyed areas around Port Royal and the Savannah River, and then areas on the coasts of Virginia and Maine. He was commissioned a Captain of Engineers in 1863 and surveyed the area of Knoxville, Tenn. After the war he worked with other U.S. engineers in Colombia and later conducted surveys in Georgia.

In 1867 Rockwell was promoted to the post of Assistant in the Coast Survey and transferred to San Francisco. He surveyed the area around San Francisco and then went north to survey the entrance to the Columbia River from 1868 to 1870. He then worked in California. In 1873 he married Cornelia Flemming Russell, who came of a prominent Tennessee family. He continued work on the Columbia River surveys but returned for projects in California from time to time. He moved from San Francisco to Albina, Oregon (later part of Portland) in the late 1870s. He worked in various parts of Oregon, surveyed the Willamette River, and traveled to Alaska and British Columbia. In 1887-1889 he conducted a survey of the Oregon coast, and after additional work in southern California he retired to Portland in 1892. Also in that year he traveled to Alaska. Toward the end of his life he worked as a civil engineer, was active in local banking and in Republic party politics, and contributed articles to the Pacific Monthly and the West Shore . His drawings were used in the decoration of the battleship Oregon 's silver punch set in 1897. He died in Portland in 1907.

From the guide to the Cleveland Rockwell Papers, 1862-1907, (Oregon Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel research files on western American art, 1859-1997 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. [Columbia River at Youngs River and Lewis and Clark River]. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River from Wallace's Island to Oak Point / by Cleveland Rockwell, assistant U.S. Coast Survey ; G.H. Wilson, aid. U.S. Coast Survey ; U.S. Coast Survey, Carlile P. Patterson, superindendent. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River from Cape Disappointment to Chinook Point / by Cleveland Rockwell, asst., U.S. Coast Survey ; L.A. Sengteller, aid. ; U.S. Coast Survey, Benjamin Peirce, supdt. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River in the vicinity of Cathlamet and Westport / Cleveland Rockwell, asst. U.S. Coast Survey ; George H. Wilson, aid. U.S. Coast Survey ; U.S. Coast Survey, Benjamin Peirce, supdt. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. South side of the Columbia River from Point Adams to Youngs Bay / by Cleveland Rockwell, asst. U.S. Coast Survey ; Louis A. Sengteller, aid., U.S. Coast Survey. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Cleveland Rockwell Papers, 1862-1907 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River from Pillow Rock to Jim Crow Pt. / by Cleveland Rockwell, asst. U.S. Coast Survey ; U.S. Coast Survey, Benjamin Peirce, supdt. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Cleveland Rockwell papers, 1862-1907. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Pfeiffer's Point to Point Sur, California : 1878, 1891 / Surveys by Cleveland Rockwell, Aug. F. Rodgers, D.B. Wainwright, U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel Collection of Western American Art Addition, 1853-1962 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Stenzel, Franz. Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel collection of western American art, 1728-1966. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Stenzel, Franz. Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel collection of western American art, 1728-1966. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Stenzel, Franz. Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel collection of western American art addition, 1853-1962. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River from Young's Bay to John Day's River / by Cleveland Rockwell, asst. U.S. Coast Survey, L.A. Sengteller, aid. U.S. Coast Survey. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn U. S. War Veterans photographs collection [graphic], circa 1880-1890 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Stenzel, Franz. Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel research files on western American art, 1859-1997. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River : Cape Horn and vicinity / by Cleveland Rockwell, assistant U.S. Coast Survey ; G.H. Wilson, aid. U.S. Coast Survey ; U.S. Coast Survey, Carlile P. Patterson, superindendent. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River from Grays Point to Snag Island / Cleveland Rockwell, asst. U.S. Coast Survey ; U.S. Coast Survey, Benj. Peirce, supdt. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Stenzel, Franz. Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel research files on western American art, 1859-1997. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sengteller, L. A. (Louis A.). Columbia River from Chinook Point to Grays Point / by L.A. Sengteller, sub. asst., U.S. Coast Survey ; U.S. Coast Survey, Benj. Peirce, supt. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Franz R. and Kathryn M. Stenzel collection of western American art, 1728-1966 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. [Map of Columbia River : Cathlamet and Westport area]. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River from John Day's River to Snag Island / U.S. Coast Survey, Benjamin Peirce, supdt. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Columbia River from Three Tree Pt. to Puget Is.l.d. / by Cleveland Rockwell, assistant U.S. Coast Survey ; G.H. Wilson, tempy. aid. U.S. Coast Survey ; U.S. Coast Survey, Benjamin Peirce, superindendent. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Rockwell, Cleveland, 1837-1907. Sketch from unfinished topographical sheets of the reconnaissance from Yaquina to Tillamook Bay : surveyed in June, July, and August, 1887 / by the party under Cleveland Rockwell, Asst. U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Gilbert, J. J. person
associatedWith Rodgers, A. F. person
associatedWith Sengteller, L. A. (Louis A.) person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith Stenzel, Franz. person
associatedWith United States Coast Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith Unites States Coast Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith Wainwright, Dallas Bache, 1852- person
associatedWith Wilson, G. H. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Oregon
Columbia River
Columbia River
Columbia River
Columbia River
Alaska
Monterey County (Calif.)
Columbia River
British Columbia
Columbia River
Washington (State)
Columbia River
Oregon
Alaska
Columbia River
Columbia River
California
California
Columbia River
British Columbia
Columbia River
Washington (State)
Columbia River
Subject
Oregon
Art, Amercian--California
Arts and Humanities
Art, American--Oregon
Washington (State)
Artists--Oregon
Art, American
Artists--California
Artists
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1837-11-24

Death 1907-03-22

Americans

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