Oatley, George, 1863-1950

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Sir George Herbert Oatley was born in Bristol in 1863, and became apprenticed to the architect Thomas Dashwood. At 16 he started work as a junior draughtsman for the Architects Godwin and Crisp in Bristol. When Godwin left for London, Oatley became Henry Crisp's partner at the young age of 26, and at the same time married Edith Lawrence. Oatley's first architectural style was classical, and with his appointment as Architect to the University of Bristol he became a champion of the Gothic tradition. Crisp died in 1896, and Oatley worked on his own until his brother-in-law George C. Lawrence joined him in 1926. By that time Oatley's main work was completed. They were joined by Ralph H. Brentnall in 1947; and continued to practice from 12 Great George Street, Bristol, until Oatley's death in 1950. The practice continued as Oatley and Brentnall after Oatley's death. We hold architectural plans relating to all periods of Oatley's work, and also work carried out by architects before and after his involvement. Oatley concentrated on working in the Bristol area, but there are building schemes for the wider South West of England, and a certain amount of work throughout Britain, especially working on lunatic asylum design at the turn of the twentieth century. He carried out a large amount of work for the University of Bristol including the Wills Memorial Building (started 1912, opened 1925) and the H.H. Wills Physics Department (started 1926, opened 1930). He also designed the Bristol Baptist College in Woodland Road, Bristol, (1913-1915), which is now part of the University of Bristol. Halls of Residence for Bristol included Wills Hall (1925) and Manor Hall (1932). Oatley was also involved in hospital design both in Bristol and working further afield. In 1908 he helped design the Bristol Homoeopathic Hospital, and also worked on the Bristol Royal Infirmary, and on Bristol General Hospital. Lunatic asylums designed by Oatley and Lawrence include Winwick Asylum in Lancashire, Cardiff Asylum at Whitchurch, and Bristol Asylum at Stapleton. Oatley was a devoutly religious man and did much work for local churches, both in their design, and in financial support for congregations, including work on St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol. There is also a large amount of work for local firms such as the Fry family chocolate factories in Bristol, and the Bristol Wagon Works. Later work concentrates on smaller projects such as conversion of rooms within houses.

From the guide to the Sir George Oatley Architectural Papers, 1860s-1980s, (University of Bristol)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Sir George Oatley Architectural Papers, 1860s-1980s University of Bristol
referencedIn Papers of the University of Bristol, 1830-[ongoing] University of Bristol Information Services - Special Collections
referencedIn Sir George Oatley Architectural Papers, 1860s-1980s University of Bristol
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Brentnall Ralph H. fl. 1930s-1950s Architect person
associatedWith Bristol General Hospital 1832 - 1988 corporateBody
associatedWith Bristol Homeopathic Hospital 1912 - 1960 corporateBody
associatedWith Bristol Royal Infirmary 1736 - 1980 corporateBody
associatedWith Crisp Henry fl. 1860 person
associatedWith Godwin Edward William 1833-1886 person
associatedWith Lawrence George C. fl. 1900-1930 person
associatedWith Oatley, Sir George Herbert, 1863-1950 person
associatedWith Seddon John Pollard 1827-1906 person
associatedWith University of Bristol corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Bristol (England)


Birth 1863

Death 1950



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