Naoroji, Dadabhai, 1825-1917

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Dadabhai Naoroji (b. 4 September 1825, Mumbai, British India–d. 30 June 1917, Mumbai, British India) was born in Bombay (now Mumbai) in a Gujarati-speaking Parsi family, and educated at the Elphinstone Institute School. In 1855 he was appointed Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at the Elphinstone College in Bombay, the first Indian to hold such an academic position. That year he also travelled to London to become a partner in Cama & Co, but resigned on ethical grounds three years later. In 1859, Naoroji established his own cotton trading company, Dadabhai Naoroji & Co and also became professor of Gujarati at University College London. He was founder of tThe Zoroastrian Trust Funds of Europe alongside Muncherjee Hormusji Cama (1861) and helped to establish the East India Association, one of the predecessor organisations of the Indian National Congress, 1867.

In 1874, Naoroji became Prime Minister of Baroda and was a member of the Legislative Council of Mumbai (1885–88). Naoroji was elected President of the Indian National Congress in 1886. In 1892 he was elected to the British House of Commons and served until 1895, first British Indian MP.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn `Of merchants, migrants and missionaries: the many faces of imperial discourse': three papers on this theme given at a conference on `The British Encounter with indigenous peoples'., 1997 British Library
creatorOf Papers on the Indian National Congress and Dadabhai Naoroji Parliamentary Centenary Celebrations, 1985-1993 British Library
referencedIn A. R. WALLACE PAPERS. Vol. XXVII (ff. 353). (1) Correspondence relating to socialism, the nationalisation of land, etc.; 1867-1913, n.d. ff. 1-292. (2) Correspondence relating to the opposition to vaccination; 1883-1912, n.d. ff. 293-353.includes:f. ..., 1867-1913 British Library
referencedIn Papers of Sir George Birdwood, medical scientist, botanist, promoter of Arts and Crafts movement, and Indologist, 1876-1902 British Library
creatorOf Dadabhai Naoroji papers., 1898 British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXII (ff. 280). July 1866-Mar. 1868.John Sutherland, MD; sanitary reformer: Drafts, etc., prepared for Florence Nightingale: 1857-1874.includes:f. 7 George Burch, of the Oxygenated Water Co: Letter to Florence Nightingale: 1866. ff. 12, 229 Admi... British Library
referencedIn Vol. IX, ff. 234, A-Ma.includes:f. 1 James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess and (1868) 1st Duke of Abercorn: Letter to G. Roper: 1873. f. 3 Charles John Abraham, Bishop of Wellington: Letter to R. Owen: 1858. f. 4 Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet: Letter... British Library
referencedIn Vol. LXXIII (ff. 283). Nov. 1891-July 1893.includes:f. 1 Annie Greenhough, of Alfreston: Letter to Florence Nightingale: 1891. f. 2 Sarah Smith, alias 'Hesba Stretton'; author: Letter to Florence Nightingale: 1891. f. 4 M. E. Hitchins, née Magee; o... British Library
referencedIn Papers of the National Liberal Club, 1793-1998 University of Bristol Special Collections
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
memberOf Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons corporateBody
associatedWith Indian national congress corporateBody
associatedWith National Liberal Club corporateBody
associatedWith Socialist International (1889-1922) corporateBody
employeeOf University College, London corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mumbai 16 IN
Mumbai 16 IN
Cotton trade
College teachers


Birth 1825-09-04

Death 1917-06-30

Indians (India)




Ark ID: w6068500

SNAC ID: 83698986