Stokes, George Gabriel, Sir, 1819-1903

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Mathematician and physicist.

From the description of Papers, 1846-1902. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81407172

Entered Pembroke College, Cambridge and graduated as Senior Wrangler and lst Smith's prizeman in 1841. From 1849-1903 he was Lucasisn professor of mathematics at Cambridge. F. R. S. 1851. Secretary of the Royal Society 1854-1885. President of Royal Society 1885-1890. Copley Medal 1893. Rumford Medal 1852. M. P. for Cambridge University 1887-1891. Created Bart in 1889.

From the description of Papers, 1851-1890. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79182017

Sir George Gabriel Stokes (1819-1903), first baronet, mathematician and physicist, was educated at schools in Dublin and Bristol, before attending Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he was senior wrangler and first Smith's prizeman. He was made a fellow of Pembroke in 1841, and was master, 1902-1903. While at Cambridge he developed a close friendship with William Thomson, Lord Kelvin. In 1849 he was made Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge, a position he held until his death. Stokes developed Lagrange's theory of the motion of viscous fluids, and also carried out work on optics. He contributed to the discovery and development of spectrum analysis, and in 1852 discovered the nature of flouresence. He was the virtual founder of modern science of geodesy in 1849. Stokes was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1851, and served as its secretary, 1854-85, and president, 1885-90. Between 1887 and 1891 he was the Conservative MP for Cambridge University. He was created baronet in 1889.

From the guide to the Sir George Gabriel Stokes: Miscellaneous Papers, c.1830s-1902, (Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives)

Sir Gabriel Stokes, born in Ireland and educated at Cambridge University, was a mathematician and physicist. His researches, done in many fields, developed the modern theory of viscous fluids, revealed the nature of fluorescence, and helped to establish the composition of chlorophyll. The important work he did on the undulatory theory of light led to publication of his Dynamical Theory of Diffraction (1849). His other publications include Light (1884) and Natural Theology (1891). He died in 1903.

From the description of George Gabriel Stokes Papers. 1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 225565216

Epithet: Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Cambridge

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000444.0x000361

Title: 1st Baronet

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001296.0x000197

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn John Edward Gray papers, 1783-1884, 1783-1884 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, Sir, 1819-1903. Papers, 1846-1902. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, 1819-1903,. Autograph letter signed from G.G. Stokes, Cambridge, to unidentified recipient [manuscript], 1876 January 31. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. IV (ff. i+166). 1865-1866 British Library
referencedIn Vol. VIII, ff. 297, R-Y.includes:f. 1 John Rae, FRS; Arctic explorer: Letter to R. McCormick: 1860.f. 3 Andrew Crombie Ramsay, geologist; Knight 1881: Letter to -: 1841.f. 4 Andrew Crombie Ramsay, geologist; Knight 1881: Letter to T. R. Jones: ... British Library
referencedIn Vol. XV. (ff. 490). Oct. 1854-Apr. 1856.includes:f. 1 Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby: Letter to C. Babbage: 1854. f. 3 Baden Powell, Savilian professor of geometry: Letters to C. Babbage: 1837-1856. f. 5 Louisa Tempé Undy: Letter to C. Babbage... British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. B. Correspondence relating to Lord Avebury's collections and publications; 1866-1911, n.d. Vol. XLIII C (ff. 144). The Beauties of Nature, 1892; 1892-1906, n.d. British Library
creatorOf Herschel Family. Papers, 1721-1951, (bulk 1810-1871). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Powell, Baden, 1796-1860. Correspondence, 1836-1859. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Album materials, 1777-1925 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, 1819-1903. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Vol. XVI. (ff. 507). May, 1856-Mar. 1860.includes:f. 1 Comte Jean Gilbert Victor Fialin de Persigny,; French Ambassador in London: Letter to C. Babbage: 1856. f. 2 Michel Chasles, mathematician: Letters to C. Babbage: 1855, 1856.: Fr. f. 3 André M... British Library
referencedIn Stokes, George Gabriel, 1819-1903,. Autograph letter signed from G.G. Stokes, Cambridge, to unidentified recipient [manuscript], 1876 January 31. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, Sir, 1819-1903. Manuscript, 1851. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901. Rowland (Henry Augustus) papers, 1793-1970. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1848-1937 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXXXVIII (ff. 299). 16 June-21 Sept. 1896.includes:f. 1 Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d' Orléans, Duc d'Aumale: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1860-1896.: Engl. and Fr.f. 3 Christian David Ginsburg, Hebraist: Letters to W. E. Gladston... British Library
referencedIn James Thomson Manuscript Collection, 19th century Queen's University, Belfast
referencedIn Buffington, Lee H. Autograph Album, 1860. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. I (ff. 180). 1855-1859. British Library
creatorOf Sir George Gabriel Stokes: Miscellaneous Papers, c.1830s-1902 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Darwin, George Howard, Sir, 1845-1912. Papers, 1863-1906. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. VII (ff. 189). 1872-1877. British Library
creatorOf Vol. XI (ff. 161). 1885.includes:f. 1 Hermann Heinrich Ploss, German anthropologist: Letter to Sir J. Lubbock: 1885: Germ. ff. 3, 6, 12, 19, 24, 118, 146, 148 Leonard Henry Courtney, 1st Baron Courtney of Penwith: Letters to Lord Avebury,: 1883-1907...., 1885 British Library
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, Sir, 1819-1903. George Gabriel Stokes Papers. Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, Sir, 1819-1903. [Miscellaneous pamphlets]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. XXI (ff. 260). 1892. British Library
creatorOf LETTERS OF EMINENT PERSONS. Vol. II (ff. 200). Eighty-nine letters, etc., mostly to members of the Baily and related Unitarian families; 1813-1926. Includes 22 letters to Walter Baily, H.M. Inspector of Schools (d. 1917), grandfather of the donor. Ma..., 1813-1926 British Library
creatorOf Pollock, Frederick, Sir, 1845-1937. Correspondence, 1848-1937. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Vol. VII. (ff. 232), 1878-1900includes:f. 1 Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury: Letter, on his behalf, to Bp. W. Boyd Carpenter: 1878.ff. 1, 22, 27, 70, 80-86b, 137, 197 Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury: Letters t..., 1878-1900 British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. A. General Correspondence, 1855-1911. Vol. XIV (ff. 203). 1888. British Library
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, sir, 1819-1903. Letter, 1893. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Henry Paine Stokes: Papers, 19th - 20th century Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf STRACHEY PAPERS (19TH CENTURY SERIES). Vol. I (ff. 135). 1. ff. 1-127. Letters to Sir Richard Strachey, F.R.S., (b.1817, d.1908) and his wife Jane Maria Strachey (b.1840, d.1928); 1852-1922, n.d. Arranged in alphabetical order of correspondent. The c..., 1852-1950 British Library
referencedIn Davis, Bergen, 1869-1958. Notebooks, 1899-1912. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Sir George Gabriel Stokes: Miscellaneous Papers, c.1830s-1902 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf Stokes, George Gabriel, 1819-1903. Papers, 1851-1890. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Ramsay, William, 1852-1916. Papers, 1870-1916. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Vol. XVIII. 610). 0 t. 1863-1899.includes:f. 1 John Henry Alexander, American scientist: Correspondence with C. Babbage: 1857-1863. f. 1 John Henry Alexander, American scientist: Correspondence with C. Babbage: 1857-1863. ff. 3, 24, 73, 293, 381, 5..., 1863-1899 British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. B. Correspondence relating to Lord Avebury's collections and publications; 1866-1911, n.d. Vol. XLIII B (ff. 237). The Scenery of England, 1902; 1902-1907, n.d. British Library
creatorOf Avebury, John Lubbock, 1st Baron, 1834-1913. Avebury Papers. B. Correspondence relating to Lord Avebury's collections and publications; 1866-1911, n.d. Vol. XLI C (ff. 146). The Pleasures of Life, 1887-1889; 1887-1909, n.d. R-Y. British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Babbage Charles 1792-1871 person
associatedWith Baden-Powell George Smyth 1847-1898 person
associatedWith British Association corporateBody
associatedWith Buffington, Lee H. person
associatedWith Cambridge University corporateBody
associatedWith Darwin, George Howard, Sir, 1845-1912. person
associatedWith Davis, Bergen, 1869-1958. person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Fleay, Frederick Gard, 1831-1909 person
associatedWith Gray, John Edward person
associatedWith Great Britain Meteorological Council corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain Solar Physics Committee corporateBody
associatedWith Harcourt William Venables Vernon 1789-1871 person
associatedWith Henry Paine Stokes person
associatedWith Herschel Family. family
associatedWith Larmor Joseph 1857-1942 person
associatedWith Pembroke College (University of Cambridge) corporateBody
associatedWith Pole, William, 1814-1900. person
associatedWith Pollock, Frederick, 1845-1937 person
associatedWith Pollock, Frederick, Sir, 1845-1937. person
associatedWith Powell, Baden, 1796-1860. person
associatedWith Professor James Thomson (1822-92) person
associatedWith Ramsay, William, 1852-1916. person
associatedWith Robinson Thomas Romney 1792-1882 person
associatedWith Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901. person
associatedWith Royal Society (Great Britain) corporateBody
associatedWith Sénarmont, Henry Hureau de, 1808-1862. person
associatedWith Thomson William 1824-1907 person
associatedWith Wigham John Richardson 1829-1906 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Lammas, Norfolk
Subject
Europeans On America
Lectures (teaching method)
Examination
Refraction
Mathematics
Optics
Inventions
Recommendations For Positions
Light
Hydrostatics
Physics
Occupation
Physicists
Mathematicians
Activity

Person

Birth 1819-08-13

Death 1903-02-01

Birth 1819

Death 1903

Active 1813

Active 1950

Britons

English

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