Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1809-02-12
Death 1865-04-15
Birth 1809
Death 0186
Birth 1809
Death 1863
Active 1809
Active 1865
Birth 1809
Death 1865
Birth 1809
Death 1868
Birth 1809
Death 1965
Birth 1806
Death 1965
Birth 1793
Death 1800
US
English, English

Biographical notes:

Epithet: US President

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000497.0x00000a

American lawyer in Illinois and sixteenth president of the United States.

From the description of Humorous story by Abraham Lincoln, ca. 1850. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122609161

From 1837 to 1841 Lincoln practiced law in partnership with John Todd Stuart, whose cousin Mary Todd he later married.

From the description of ADS : Springfield, Ill., 1839 Aug. 6. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122645458

U.S. President Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865); U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant(1869-1877) and Union Civil War general.

From the description of Address of Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and reply of Ulysses S. Grant, Commande-in-Chief, U.S. Army, upon presentation to the latter of his commission as Lieutenant-General, 1864 March 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 24654759

Edward Jordan was Mrs. Folger's father.

From the description of Note signed from Abraham Lincoln, Washington, D.C. [manuscript], 1864 July 20. (Folger Shakespeare Library). WorldCat record id: 281604935

Lincoln, sixteenth president of the U.S., had served in the House of Representatives 1847-1849.

From the description of ALS, 1849 June 3 : Springfield, Illinois, to Hon. J.R. Underwood. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 14920691

President of the United States, 1861-1865.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln : miscellaneous papers, 1840-1864. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49251416

Lawyer, state legislator, U.S. representative from Illinois, U.S. president, and abolitionist.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln papers, 1838-1934. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981687

U.S. president and representative and lawyer from Illinois.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln papers, 1774-1948. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980154

Lincoln was an Illinois lawyer and sixteenth president of the United States.

From the description of Legal documents, 1841-1843. (Brigham Young University). WorldCat record id: 51599140

Sixteenth President of the United States, serving 1861-1865.

From the description of DS, 1863 July 13 : Executive Mansion, Washington, D.C. (New York State Library). WorldCat record id: 50740669

16th President of the United States.

From the description of Letter, 1860, July 20 : Springfield, Ill., to Hon. Cassius M. Clay. (Fisk University). WorldCat record id: 39903462

Sixteenth President of the United States.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln collection, 1861-1865. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58783225

Broadside printed when Abraham was seeking reelection for the presidency.

From the description of Broadside, 1864. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49251458

During the Civil War, many so-called Sanitary Fairs were held to raise money for war purposes. Jehu B. Milner of Alliance, Ohio and father of the donor's husband, bought this sheet (one of ten sold that day) for $100 at the Fair in Cleveland, Ohio.

From the description of Autographs of the president and his cabinet : manuscript, 1864. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612878408

Abraham Lincoln was born 12 February 1809 and became the sixteenth president of the United States in 1860. He successfully led the country through the American Civil War, preserved the Union, and ended slavery. Lincoln was also the first president to be assassinated on 15 April 1865 and is often remembered as one of the United States' greatest presidents.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln autograph, 1863. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 312484041

Abraham Lincoln was President of the United States.

From the description of The Abraham Lincoln papers, 1860-1865. (US Army, Mil Hist Institute). WorldCat record id: 47678485

collection was donated over a period of time by a number of different donors.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln collection, 1839-2005 (Fisk University). WorldCat record id: 781464336

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States.

From the description of Sermons and Resolutions. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122609688

Sixteenth president of the United States.

From the description of Certificate of appointment, 1863. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81768138

President of the United States and lawyer. Born February 12, 1809 and died April 15, 1865. Married Mary Todd.

From the description of Preliminary emancipation proclamation : by the President of the United States of America a proclamation, September 22, 1863. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122573696

Lawyer, statesman, and 16th President of the United States.

From the description of Autographs, 1863-1864. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145408470

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was an American statesman and the sixteenth president of the United States.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln pardon and correspondence, 1864. (Brigham Young University). WorldCat record id: 163099174

U.S. president.

From the description of Letter of recommendation for Franklin Barrett, 1861 July. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70926529

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was the sixteenth president of the U.S.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln collection, 1847-1864. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122408372

U.S. president and representative, abolitionist, lawyer, and state legislator from Illinois.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln papers, 1832-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981715

American lawyer, politician, and sixteenth president of the United States.

From the description of Letter, 1845. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122598348

From the description of Letter, 1862. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145435315

From the description of Letter, 1851. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122637599

Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States.

From the description of Broadside, 1865 April 15. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49346972

From the description of Broadside, 1865 April 15. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49338750

From the description of Broadside, 1909 February 12. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49347856

Three documents: one signed by Abraham Lincoln and Salmon P. Chase, appointing Richard C. Parsons of Cleveland, Ohio to the position of Collector of Taxes for the Eighteenth Collection District of the State of Ohio, 1862; one signed by Abraham Lincoln and Salmon P. Chase, appointing Parsons to the position of Collector of Internal Revenue for the Eighteenth Collection District of Ohio, 1863; and one signed by Salmon P. Chase (then Governor and Commander-in Chief of Ohio), appointing Parsons as his Aid-de-Camp, 1856.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln / Richard C. Parsons Documents, 1856, 1862, 1863. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 62596872

The son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Lincoln had to struggle for a living and for learning. Five months before receiving his party's nomination for President, he sketched his life: "I was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia, of undistinguished families--second families, perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth year, was of a family of the name of Hanks ... My father ... removed from Kentucky to ... Indiana, in my eighth year ... It was a wild region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. There I grew up ... Of course when I came of age I did not know much. Still somehow, I could read, write, and cipher ... but that was all." Lincoln made extraordinary efforts to attain knowledge while working on a farm, splitting rails for fences, and keeping store at New Salem, Illinois. He was a captain in the Black Hawk War, spent eight years in the Illinois legislature, and rode the circuit of courts for many years. His law partner said of him, "His ambition was a little engine that knew no rest." He married Mary Todd, and they had four boys, only one of whom lived to maturity. In 1858 Lincoln ran against Stephen A. Douglas for Senator. He lost the election, but in debating with Douglas he gained a national reputation that won him the Republican nomination for President in 1860. As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. Further, he rallied most of the northern Democrats to the Union cause. On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy. The White House website http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/al16.html (Retrieved December 22, 2008).

From the description of Abraham Lincoln letter, 1860. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 289526915

Lawyer, of Springfield, Ill.; U.S. president, 1861-1865.

From the description of Letter from Abraham Lincoln to Cyrus Aldrich, 1862 Dec. 06. (Washington State Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 71014420

Born in 1809, Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth President of the United States from 1861 until his death by assassination on April 15, 1865.

From the description of Collection on Abraham Lincoln, 1860-1952. (Brandeis University Library). WorldCat record id: 664134727

Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln manuscript material : 1 item, 1864 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 710912718

U.S. President.

From the description of Papers 1861. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 48844679

President of the United States.

From the description of Printed document filled out and signed : Washington, D.C., 1862 July 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593207

From the description of Copy of a document in the hand of Commander Rheese : Washington, D.C., 1863 Dec. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270592897

From the description of Papers, 1860-1965. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19897420

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand, and signed by Lincoln : Washington, D.C., 1864 Apr. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270129922

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Andrew Johnson, 1863 Sept. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591583

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to the Secretary of War [Edwin M. Stanton], 1863 Dec. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591597

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand and signed by Lincoln : Washington, 1863 Apr. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593209

From the description of Autograph legal documents (3) one signed, the others unsigned : [Springfield], [1839 Nov. 23]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593010

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand and signed by Lincoln and Seward. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593204

From the description of The bear hunt : [Springfield, Ill.] : autograph manuscript unsigned of the poem of 22 stanzas, ca. 1846 Sept. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270592839

From the description of Printed programme of the performance at Ford's Theatre the night of Lincoln's assassination, 1865 Apr. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593237

From the description of Autograph signature to document : Washington, 1861 Apr. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270592084

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Alexander H. Stephens, 1865 Feb. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591593

From the description of Printed leaflet of Ohio Presidential ticket, 1864. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593229

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand and signed by Lincoln : Washington, 1861 Oct. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593216

From the description of Insertions and signature to a printed document, 1865 Nov, 14-1857 Jan. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593021

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand and signed by Lincoln and Seward : Washington, D.C., 1863 Oct. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593222

From the description of Autograph legal document signed Lincoln and Lamon, their Sols : Vermilion County Circuit Court, 1855 May. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590130

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Major General Grant, Governor Johnson and others, 1862 Oct. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593014

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Washington, D.C.], to the Secretary of War [Simon Cameron], 1861 Nov. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591579

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Springfield, to his step-brother, John D. Johnston, 1851 Nov. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591234

From the description of Autograph notes for political speeches : [Springfield?], ca. 1858 May 18-Aug. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591931

From the description of Signature on pardon of John Cunningham, 1863 Apr. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593264

From the description of Autograph legal document signed Lincoln and Herndon, 1852 08 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590127

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand and signed by Lincoln : Washington, D.C., 1861 May 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593218

From the description of Facsimile of an autograph letter signed : City-Point, to Mrs. Lincoln, 1865 7/45 [A.M.] Apr. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270592997

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand and signed by Lincoln : Washington, D.C., 1864 Oct. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593212

From the description of Printed document filled out in another hand and signed : Washington, D.C., 1862 July 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593199

From the description of Signature : Washington, 1861 08 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590077

From the description of Printed programme issued by Ford's Theatre, 1865 Apr. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590052

From the description of Letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Andrew Johnson, 1863 Sept. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593092

From the description of Autograph signature : Washington, 1861 Aug. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270592797

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Andrew Johnson, 1863 Mar. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591587

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to Horace Greeley, 1862 Mar. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591600

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to Andrew Johnson, 1863 Sept. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591591

From the description of Message to Congress : autograph letter signed : [Washington, D.C.] to the Senate and House of Representatives, [1863 Dec. 17]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593149

From the description of Document signed : Washington, 1864 May 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270592976

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Springfield, to Artemas Hale, 1856 July 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591239

From the description of Autograph note signed, 1864 Mar. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591900

From the description of Printed document (engrossed) signed and filled out in another hand : Washington, D.C., 1864 May 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593196

From the description of Document signed : Washington, 1864 Apr. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270592980

From the description of Poster issued by the War Department : Washington, 1865 Apr. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270593193

From the description of Autograph legal document signed Logan and Lincoln : Sangamon County, Illinois, 1845 Mar. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590123

From the description of Papers, 1863-1881. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70976136

Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the U.S., serving 1861-1865.

From the description of ALS draft, 1863 November 2 : Executive Mansion, Washington, to Hon. Montgomery Blair. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 14920660

From the description of ALS, 1860 October 1 : Springfield, Ill., to Jas. L. Wesson. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 14920597

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. Born in Kentucky, he spent his formative years in Indiana, and as a young man moved to Illinois where he practiced law and became active in politics. He was the Republican candidate for vice-president in 1856, and won the presidential elections of 1860 and 1864. President during the Civil War, Lincoln was assassinated five days after the end of the war.

From the description of Papers, 1840-1933. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 27970431

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States (1861-65), who preserved the Union during the American Civil War and brought about the emancipation of the slaves. Abraham Lincoln - Encyclopedia Britannica online http://www.britannica.com (Retrieved May 7, 2009).

Most famous for serving as the vice president of the Confederacy, Alexander Hamilton Stephens was a near-constant force in state and national politics for a half century. Born near Crawfordville, in Taliaferro County, on February 11, 1812, to Margaret Grier and Andrew Baskins Stephens, the young Stephens was orphaned at fourteen, which intensified his already melancholic disposition. He graduated from Franklin College (later the University of Georgia) in 1832 and gained admittance to the bar two years later. There followed a steady and uninterrupted rise to political prominence. Alexander Stephens - New Georgia Encyclopedia http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org (Retrieved May 7, 2009).

From the description of Abraham Lincoln letters (facsimiles), 1860, November 30, December 14 and 22. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 320466202

Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States, was born February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky.

He was assassinated on April 14, 1865, at Ford's Theatre in Washington by John Wilkes Booth. Alfred R. Elder was born August 16, 1806 in Kentucky and moved with his wife, Martha, to Oregon in 1848 and to Olympia in 1864. He died in Olympia in 1882. John Palmer Usher, born in 1816 in Brookfield, New York, was the Secretary of the Interior under Abraham Lincoln. He resigned in 1865 and became a lawyer for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1872, he moved to Lawrence, Kansas, where he served one term as mayor. He died in 1889.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln Indian Agent appointment document for Alfred R. Elder, 1863 May 9. (University of California, Irvine). WorldCat record id: 56829277

Born to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks in Hardin County, Kentucky, Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was the sixteenth president of the United States.

In 1816, Lincoln moved to Pigeon Creek, Indiana, where he worked on his family's farm. Following his mother's death two years later, he continued working on farms until moving with his father to New Salem, Illinois, in 1831. He became an avid member of the Whig Party and served in the state legislature from 1834 through 1840. In 1840, Lincoln began practicing law in Springfield and entered into a partnership with Stephen T. Logan. Two years later, he married Mary Todd, with whom he had four children. It was not until 1846 that Lincoln decided to re-enter politics, when he was elected to Congress from 1847 through 1849. After returning to his law practice once again in 1850, he helped establish the Republican Party in Illinois in 1856 and made a bid for the presidency in 1860. The political climate of the U. S. radicalized following Lincoln's election, culminating in the secession of southern states and the outbreak of hostilities. The Civil War commenced on April 12, 1861, and over the next four years, the Union and Confederate armies engaged in a number of battles, becoming the bloodiest conflict in U. S. history. Despite the high number of casualties, Lincoln was reelected in 1864. He was assassinated on April 14, 1865, shortly after the war ended.

From the description of Lincoln, Abraham, Letter, 1864 (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 761205315

Lincoln was an attorney in Springfield, Illinois, and an Illinois Congressman before being elected the 16th President of the United States in 1860. He took office in 1861 and led the nation through the Civil War. He was re-elected in 1864 but he did not complete his term because he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. He died April 15, 1865.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln process order, 1851 Mar. 25. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 254196705

Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States.

From the guide to the Abraham Lincoln manuscript material : 1 item, 1864, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

Abraham Lincoln (b. Feb. 12, 1809-d. Apr. 15, 1865) was born in Hodgenville, Kentucky. He was the sixteenth president of the United States, leading the Union during the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865. He was the author of Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and the Gettysburg Address (1863). He was shot by John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, and died the next day.

From the description of Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10580370

Born in Kentucky, Abraham Lincoln became a lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, and an Illinois member of the House of Representatives. Elected president of the United States in 1860, he led the country through the Civil War, preserved the Union, and ended slavery. He was assassinated on April 14, 1865, while attending a play at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Abraham Lincoln Collection, 1849-1945, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was the sixteenth president of the U.S.

From the guide to the Abraham Lincoln collection, 1847-1864, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Born to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks in Hardin County, Kentucky, Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was the sixteenth president of the United States. In 1816, Lincoln moved to Pigeon Creek, Indiana, where he worked on his family’s farm. Following his mother’s death two years later, he continued working on farms until moving with his father to New Salem, Illinois, in 1831. He became an avid member of the Whig Party and served in the state legislature from 1834 through 1840. In 1840, Lincoln began practicing law in Springfield and entered into a partnership with Stephen T. Logan. Two years later, he married Mary Todd, with whom he had four children. It was not until 1846 that Lincoln decided to re-enter politics, when he was elected to Congress from 1847 through 1849. After returning to his law practice once again in 1850, he helped establish the Republican Party in Illinois in 1856 and made a bid for the presidency in 1860. The political climate of the U. S. radicalized following Lincoln’s election, culminating in the secession of southern states and the outbreak of hostilities. The Civil War commenced on April 12, 1861, and over the next four years, the Union and Confederate armies engaged in a number of battles, becoming the bloodiest conflict in U. S. history. Despite the high number of casualties, Lincoln was reelected in 1864. He was assassinated on April 14, 1865, shortly after the war ended.

Source:

McPherson, James M. Lincoln, Abraham. American National Biography Online. Accessed July 7, 2011. http://www.anb.org/articles/04/04-00631.html?a=1&n=Abraham%20Lincoln&ia=-at&ib=-bib&d=10&ss=1&q=2 .

From the guide to the Lincoln, Abraham, Letter, 1864, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Biographical Notes

William Henry Herndon

  • 1818 December 25: Born, Greensburg, Ky.
  • 1820: Moved to Illinois
  • 1821: Moved to Sangamon County, Ill.
  • 1825: Moved to Springfield, Ill.
  • 1836 - 1837 : Student, preparatory department, Illinois College, Jacksonville, Ill.
  • 1840: Married Mary Maxcy (died 1861)
  • 1844: Admitted to bar and formed law partnership with Abraham Lincoln
  • 1854: Elected mayor of Springfield, Ill.
  • 1862: Married Anna Miles
  • 1889: Coauthored with Jesse W. Weik Herndon's Lincoln: The True Story of a Great Life (Chicago: Belford, Clarke. 3 vols.)
  • 1891 March 18: Died, Springfield, Ill.

Jesse William Weik

  • 1857 August 23: Born, Greencastle, Ind.
  • 1875: A.B., Indiana Asbury (now DePauw) University, Greencastle, Ind.
  • 1883: A.M., Indiana Asbury University, Greencastle, Ind.
  • 1880: Admitted to bar but never practiced
  • 1889: Coauthored with William H. Herndon Herndon's Lincoln: The True Story of a Great Life (Chicago: Belford, Clarke. 3 vols.)
  • 1892: Published Abraham Lincoln: The True Story of a Great Life (New York: D. Appleton. 2 vols.), a revised edition of Herndon's Lincoln: The True Story of a Great Life (Chicago: Belford, Clarke. 3 vols.)
  • 1930 August 18: Died

Abraham Lincoln

  • 1809 February 12: Born, Hardin County, Ky.
  • 1816: Moved to Indiana
  • 1830: Moved to Macon County, Ill.
  • 1831: Moved to New Salem, Ill.; employed as storekeeper
  • 1832: Served in Black Hawk War; became partner in Lincoln & Berry, a general store
  • 1833 - 1836 : Postmaster, New Salem, Ill.
  • 1834 - 1836 : Deputy county surveyor, Sangamon County, Ill.
  • 1834 - 1841 : Member, Illinois state legislature (Whig)
  • 1836: Licensed as attorney
  • 1837: Moved to Springfield and practiced law in partnership with John T. Stuart and later Stephen T. Logan
  • 1842: Married Mary Todd
  • 1844: Formed law partnership with William H. Herndon
  • 1847 - 1849 : Member, U.S. House of Representatives (Whig) from Illinois, Thirtieth Congress
  • 1849: Resumed law practice
  • 1856: Joined Republican party
  • 1858: Unsuccessful Republican candidate for U.S. Senate in opposition to Stephen A. Douglas
  • 1860: Elected president
  • 1864: Reelected president
  • 1865 April 14: Shot by John Wilkes Booth
  • 1865 April 15: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Herndon-Weik Collection of Lincolniana, circa 1824-1933, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Rev. William Eleazar Barton (1861-1930) The Rev. William Eleazar Barton (1861-1930) was one of the early twentieth century's most prominent writers and lecturers on the life of Abraham Lincoln. Born in Sublette, Illinois, in the same year Lincoln assumed the presidency, Barton grew up in an environment heavily influenced by reverence for Lincoln. After pursuing undergraduate studies at Berea College in Kentucky, Barton earned his divinity degree from the Oberlin Theological Seminary in 1890. He served parishes in Tennessee, Ohio, and Massachusetts before becoming the pastor of the First Congregational Church of Oak Park, Illinois, a position he held until his retirement in 1924. Four years later, Barton accepted an appointment as lecturer at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, where he also organized and served as pastor of the Collegeside Congregational Church.

Barton's work as a writer produced a number of denominational manuals for church organization and a series of books presenting the wisdom and parables of a character he named Safed the Sage. For the last ten years of his life, however, Barton was best known to the public as a prolific author and lecturer on Abraham Lincoln. His publications about Lincoln included The Soul of Abraham Lincoln (1920), The Paternity of Abraham Lincoln (1920), The Life of Abraham Lincoln (1925), The Great and Good Man (1927), The Women Lincoln Loved (1927), and The Lincoln of the Biographers (1930).

In the course of compiling material for his writings and talks, Barton visited Lincoln sites in Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois; interviewed surviving Lincoln relatives and acquaintances; and traveled as far as California and England to collect information and conduct genealogical research on the ancestry of the Lincoln family. While acquiring a large collection of books, periodicals, pamphlets, manuscripts, and ephemera related to Lincoln and the Civil War era, Barton also purchased privately or at auction historical materials amassed by other Lincoln collectors such as John E. Burton and Osborn H. Oldroyd.

From the guide to the Lincoln Collection. Lincoln Portraits, 1858-1930, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Rev. William Eleazar Barton (1861-1930) The Rev. William Eleazar Barton (1861-1930) was one of the early twentieth century's most prominent writers and lecturers on the life of Abraham Lincoln. Born in Sublette, Illinois, in the same year Lincoln assumed the presidency, Barton grew up in an environment heavily influenced by reverence for Lincoln. After pursuing undergraduate studies at Berea College in Kentucky, Barton earned his divinity degree from the Oberlin Theological Seminary in 1890. He served parishes in Tennessee, Ohio, and Massachusetts before becoming the pastor of the First Congregational Church of Oak Park, Illinois, a position he held until his retirement in 1924. Four years later, Barton accepted an appointment as lecturer at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, where he also organized and served as pastor of the Collegeside Congregational Church.

Barton's work as a writer produced a number of denominational manuals for church organization and a series of books presenting the wisdom and parables of a character he named Safed the Sage. For the last ten years of his life, however, Barton was best known to the public as a prolific author and lecturer on Abraham Lincoln. His publications about Lincoln included The Soul of Abraham Lincoln (1920), The Paternity of Abraham Lincoln (1920), The Life of Abraham Lincoln (1925), The Great and Good Man (1927), The Women Lincoln Loved (1927), and The Lincoln of the Biographers (1930).

In the course of compiling material for his writings and talks, Barton visited Lincoln sites in Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois; interviewed surviving Lincoln relatives and acquaintances; and traveled as far as California and England to collect information and conduct genealogical research on the ancestry of the Lincoln family. While acquiring a large collection of books, periodicals, pamphlets, manuscripts, and ephemera related to Lincoln and the Civil War era, Barton also purchased privately or at auction historical materials amassed by other Lincoln collectors such as John E. Burton and Osborn H. Oldroyd.

From the guide to the Lincoln Collection. Publications and Newspapers, 1831-1968, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Biographical Note

  • 1809, Feb. 12: Born, Hardin Co., now LaRue Co., Ky.
  • 1815 - 1816 : Attended occasional classes in rural schoolhouse
  • 1816: Moved with family to Indiana
  • 1819 - 1820 : Additional schooling
  • 1819 - 1830 : Laborer on family farm and for neighbors
  • 1828: Ferryman, Ohio River; helped take a flatboat cargo from Indiana to New Orleans, La.
  • 1830: Moved with family to Illinois
  • 1831: Helped build a flatboat and ferried cargo from Sangamon County, Ill., to New Orleans, La. Clerk, general store, New Salem, Ill.
  • 1832: Elected captain, Thirty-first Regiment, Illinois Militia, in the Black Hawk War Defeated in election for a seat in the Illinois General Assembly
  • 1832 - 1836 : Shopkeeper, surveyor, and postmaster in New Salem, Ill.
  • 1834: Elected as Whig candidate from Sangamon County to the lower house of the Illinois General Assembly Began to read law
  • 1836 - 1842 : Reelected for three additional terms, Sangamon County representative, Illinois General Assembly
  • 1837: Admitted to the Illinois bar Moved to Springfield to become law partner with John T. Stuart in the firm of Stuart & Lincoln
  • 1841: Partnership of Stuart & Lincoln dissolved Partnership established with Stephen T. Logan in the law firm of Logan & Lincoln, Springfield, Ill.
  • 1842: Married Mary Todd
  • 1844: Formed law partnership with William H. Herndon in the firm of Lincoln & Herndon, Springfield, Ill.
  • 1847: Elected as Whig candidate from Illinois to the United States House of Representatives
  • 1849: Resumed law practice, Springfield, Ill.
  • 1855: Unsuccessful Whig candidate in Illinois for United States Senate
  • 1856: Joined the Republican party
  • 1858: Unsuccessful Republican candidate in Illinois for United States Senate
  • 1861 - 1865 : President and commander-in-chief of the United States during the Civil War
  • 1863, Jan. 1: Issued Emancipation Proclamation
  • 1863, Nov. 19: Delivered Gettysburg address
  • 1865, Apr. 15: Died the morning after being shot, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Abraham Lincoln Papers, 1774-1948, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Biographies

Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States, was born February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. He was assassinated on April 14, 1865, at Ford's Theatre in Washington by John Wilkes Booth.

Alfred R. Elder was born August 16, 1806 in Kentucky and moved with his wife, Martha, to Oregon in 1848 and to Olympia in 1864. He died in Olympia in 1882.

John Palmer Usher, born in 1816 in Brookfield, New York, was the Secretary of the Interior under Abraham Lincoln. He resigned in 1865 and became a lawyer for the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1872, he moved to Lawrence, Kansas, where he served one term as mayor. He died in 1889.

From the guide to the Abraham Lincoln Indian Agent appointment document for Alfred R. Elder, 1863, (University of California, Irvine. Library. Special Collections and Archives.)

Worcester (Worcester Co.), Mass. attorney.

From the description of Letters, 1793-1800. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 36212267

The wire ran, "What news? Do you hear firing this morning? A. Lincoln." It was sent August 31, 1862, at 7:10 a.m. to Colonel Haupt at Alexandria, Virginia, near the end of a disastrous campaign for the Union. This was the aftermath of the second Battle of Bull Run, and Confederate forces were only eleven miles from the capital city. Washington's defenses were lighter than the Southerners suspected, so Lincoln needed to know if there was action on the front in order to remove the government if necessary. Haupt telegraphed back, "All quiet," giving the Union a chance to reinforce the city.

The messenger who carried the dispatch to the telegraph office asked the president if he could keep the original note. The slip of paper was passed down through his family and later acquired by the Owensboro (Kentucky) Area Museum.

From the description of Telegram, 1862. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 191916599

Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky, and raised in Indiana. The family moved to Illinois in Abraham's early adulthood, at which time he became involved in politics. He won the presidential election on the Republican ticket in 1860, and led the country through the Civil War. Following Lee's surrender at Appomattox, Lincoln addressed a large crowd at the White House on April 11th, with some suggestion in his speech that Reconstruction would include the enfranchisement of some African-Americans. Three days later, John Wilkes Booth, who had been a member of the audience, shot Lincoln while he and Mary were watching a play at Ford's Theater. Lincoln died the next morning, on April 15th, 1865. Though he did not live to see the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery in the United States, his Emancipation Proclamation opened the doors to this amendment, and following its easy passage in the Senate, he was active in gaining support in the House.

From the guide to the Lincoln Warranty Deed (MS 383), October 27, 1848, (University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.)

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