George Catlett Marshall (b. December 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pennsylvania-d. October 16, 1959, Washington, D.C.), had a long and auspicious career in the United States (U.S.) Army and to the United States. He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1901 and served his country as U.S. Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, Envoy to China, Army Chief of Staff, and as President of the American Red Cross.
Marshall, America's first five-star general, was born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, and educated at the Virginia Military Academy. He made a career of the army, serving with distinction in World War I and as one of Pershing's post-war aides. His reputation advanced, culminating with his appointment as Franklin Roosevelt's Army Chief of Staff on the eve of World War II. His vision, diplomacy, and organizational skills were chiefly responsible for building the United States Army, and he helped develop key strategies to ensure allied victory, resulting in his selection as Time magazine's man of the year in 1944. After the war, he served as Secretary of State, and helped set the policies that defined American relations in the cold war era. He was awarded the Nobel Peace prize in 1953 for the Marshall Plan, outlining European economic recovery, the first career soldier to be so honored.