Wright, James, Sir, 1716-1785

Alternative names
Birth 1716-05-08
Death 1785-11-20

Biographical notes:

British royal governor of Georgia (1760-1776, 1779-1782) who returned to England after the Revolution.

From the description of Sir James Wright correspondence, 1784 September 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983534

British royal governor of Georgia (1760-1776, 1779-1782), who returned to England after the Revolution.

From the description of Papers, 1784. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 34149569

Sir James Wright (1716-1785) was a lawyer in Charleston, South Carolina, attorney-general of South Carolina, and agent of the colony of South Carolina in England. He became lieutenant-governor of Georgia, then royal governor of Georgia from 1761-1782, except for a period from December 1778-July 1779. Wright left Georgia and returned to England in July of 1782. In 1783 he became head of the board of agents which prosecuted claims of American loyalists for compensation for their property which had been confiscated during the Revolutionary War.

From the description of James Wright papers, 1772-1784. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 77006967

Royal governor of Georgia.

From the description of Papers, 1756-1781. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20504941

John Francis Triboudet received several grants of land in the Newington, Georgia, area, 1755-1762.

From the description of John Francis Triboudet land grant, 1762. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 144570321

Charles Garth (ca.1734-1784) was born to Rebecca Brompton and John Garth, in Devizes, England. He was educated at Merton College, Oxford, and was called into the bar at Inner Temple in 1758. Garth was the British agent for South Carolina (1762-1766) and also briefly represented Georgia (1765) and Maryland (1767). During his time as parliamentary agent, Garth argued, on behalf of the colony, for broader trading freedoms (specifically for exporting rice), for greater control over domestic paper currency, and against the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act. Garth succeeded his father as M.P. for Devizes and was elected to parliament in 1768, 1774, and 1780, though he left parliament to become the HM Commissioner for Excise shortly after the 1780 election. Garth married Francis "Fanny" Cooper of Cumberwell in 1764. They had at least one child named Thomas, who joined the Royal Navy. Charles Garth died in Walthamstow, England, in 1784.

Sir James Wright (1716-1785) was born in London, England, to Robert Wright and Isabella Pitts. His family moved to Charlestown, South Carolina, in 1730, where Wright studied law. In 1739, Wright became the colony's attorney-general. In 1757, he was sent to London to serve as South Carolina's agent to parliament, a position he held until 1760, at which time he replaced Henry Ellis as lieutenant-governor of Georgia. He became governor of Georgia in 1761, and served in that position for 21 years. During the Revolutionary War, Wright was forced to return to England. He died in London in 1785.

From the guide to the Charles Garth letterbook, Garth, Charles letterbook, 1758-1760, 1762-1766, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)


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  • Murder
  • Real property
  • Cherokee Indians
  • Governor
  • Sugar--Taxation--Great Britain
  • Indians of North America--South Carolina
  • American loyalists
  • Revenue
  • Hides and skins
  • Indians of North America
  • Creek Indians
  • Slave trade
  • Finance, Public--Great Britain
  • Choctaw Indians
  • Indigo
  • Chickasaw Indians
  • Taxation--United States
  • Silk
  • Hemp
  • Rice trade--South Carolina--History
  • Tariff Great Britain
  • Probate law and practice
  • Right of property


  • Governors--Georgia


  • United States (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Great Britain--Colonies--America (as recorded)
  • Newington (Ga.) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • America (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)