Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1858-10-27
Death 1919-01-06
US
English

Biographical notes:

Roosevelt, 26th U.S. president, served 1901-1909.

From the description of DS, 1904 March 1. : Washington, D.C. Homestead Certificate. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15210791

26th president of the United States, 1901-1909.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt letters, 1917, 1918. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 213408920

Roosevelt was then Governor of New York. Chapman was one of the founders of the New York State Audubon Society in 1897. According to Chapman's autobiography, "the letter marks the beginning of an inspiring friendship. ... Although Mr. Roosevelt was a born bird-lover and had published not a little concerning birds, this, as far as I am aware, was his first definite (and certainly his first official) contribution to a cause which he later supported so effectively." Cf. Chapman, Autobiography of a birdlover, 1933, p. 180-181.

From the description of Letter, 1899 Feb. 16 : [Albany] to Frank M. Chapman, Asst. Curator, American Museum of Natural History, N.Y. City. (American Museum of Natural History). WorldCat record id: 31832108

President of the United States, 1901-1909.

From the description of Letter : Washington, [D.C.], to Edward E. Ayer, Chicago, Ill., 1901 Dec. 7. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 40414478

26th president of the United States.

From the description of Letter, 1905. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367395294

After the United States entered World War I in 1917, Theodore Roosevelt proposed organizing a volunteer division which would include some "colored" regiments. However, Roosevelt was not given authority to procede with his plans and the division was never organized.

From the description of World War I volunteer correspondence, 1917-1919. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155562069

Theodore Roosevelt was the keynote speaker at the annual memorial service for the Brotherhoods of Locomotive Engineers, Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, Order of Railroad Conductors, Order of Railroad Telegraphers and the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen at the Metropolitan Opera House in Philadelphia, Pa. The speech focused on the need for military registration, war taxes, and government loans to assist nations at war against Germany.

From the description of Speech to railroad men at Philadelphia : typescript / Theodore Roosevelt. (Millersville University Library). WorldCat record id: 34313892

Ethel Carow (Roosevelt) Derby (1891-1977) was the daughter of American president Theodore Roosevelt and Edith Kermit (Carow) Roosevelt, and wife of physician Richard Derby.

From the description of Letters to Ethel Roosevelt Derby, 1884-1919 (inclusive) 1896-1919 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 78961493

Roosevelt, president from 1901-1909, ran as the Progressive Party candidate in 1912.

From the description of TLS, 1914 September 1 : New York, to Hon. Charles A. Lindbergh, Little Falls, Minnesota. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15011006

Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States (1901-1909).

From the description of [Letters and banquet program] / Theodore Roosevelt. [between 1903 and 1918] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 352924242

Belle Wyatt (Willard) Roosevelt was the wife of Kermit Roosevelt, second son of American president Theodore Roosevelt and Edith Kermit (Carow) Roosevelt; they married in 1914.

From the description of Letters to Belle Wyatt Willard Roosevelt, 1913-1918. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 84507091

Theodore Roosevelt was the twenty-sixth president of the United States.

From the description of Childhood correspondence, 1868-1906. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 82445896

From the description of Correspondence and compositions, 1772-1946 (inclusive) 1873-1919 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 83622692

From the description of Addresses and articles (bound), 1891-1921. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 79196838

From the description of Miscellaneous compositions, 1861-1917. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 82316275

From the description of Additional childhood correspondence, 1869-1902 (inclusive) 1869-1877 (bulk) (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 83060716

From the description of Diaries and notebooks, 1868-1914. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 83857519

From the description of Scrapbook, 1876-1881. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 83026652

From the description of Addresses and articles (unbound), 1882-1957. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 80709958

From the description of Miscellaneous correspondence, 1883-1970. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 84586707

From the description of Correspondence and compositions collected by The Carl H. Pforzheimer Library, 1878-1923. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 83367707

From the description of Juvenilia and childhood correspondence, 1867-1922. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612774121

Twenty-sixth president of the United States; author and outdoorsman.

From the description of TLS : New York City, to August F. Jaccaci, 1913 Mar. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122377194

William Roscoe Thayer (1859-1923) was an American author and editor. He graduated from Harvard with an AB in 1881, became editor of the Harvard Graduates' Magazine in 1892, and was a biographer of Roosevelt.. Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) received an AB from Harvard College in 1880, and later became the 26th president of the United States.

From the guide to the Theodore Roosevelt correspondence with William Roscoe Thayer, 1884-1919., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Avery De Lano Andrews (1864-1959) served on the board of New York City police commissioners under future American president Theodore Roosevelt, 1895-1897, and as his chief of staff when Roosevelt was governor of New York State, 1899.

From the guide to the Letters to Avery De Lano Andrews, 1895-1917., (Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

From the description of Letters to Avery De Lano Andrews, 1895-1917. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612774072

Theodore Roosevelt was born in to an affluent New York family. His quick mind and iron resolve led him into politics. After a series of ups and downs, his success with the Rough Riders in Cuba vaulted him in quick succession from New York governor to the vice presidency and, after the assassination of President McKinley, the presidency. He is perhaps best remembered for progressive politics, the Panama Canal, and the Pure Food & Drug Act. Among many interests, Roosevelt was a writer, historian, explorer, soldier, conservationist, and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt letter to George Sylvester Viereck, 1912 Feb. 5. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 51590001

Frances Theodora (Smith) Dana Parsons was a childhood friend of American president Theodore Roosevelt.

From the description of Letters to Frances Theodora Smith Dana Parsons, 1875-1919. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 83088166

Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858–January 6, 1919) was born in New York into one of the old Dutch families which had settled in America in the seventeenth century. At eighteen he entered Harvard College and spent four years there, dividing his time between books and sport and excelling at both. After leaving Harvard he studied in Germany for almost a year and then immediately entered politics. He was elected to the Assembly of New York State, holding office for three years and distinguishing himself as an ardent reformer. In 1884, because of ill health and the death of his wife, Roosevelt abandoned his political work for some time. He invested part of the fortune he had inherited from his father in a cattle ranch in the Badlands of Dakota Territory, expecting to remain in the West for many years. He became a passionate hunter, especially of big game, and an ardent believer in the wild outdoor life which brought him health and strength. In 1886 Roosevelt returned to New York, married again, and once more plunged into politics. President Harrison, after his election in 1889, appointed Roosevelt as a member of the Civil Service Commission of which he later became president. This office he retained until 1895 when he undertook the direction of the Police Department of New York City. In 1897 he joined President McKinley's administration as assistant secretary of the Navy. While in this office he actively prepared for the Cuban War, which he saw was coming, and when it broke out in 1898, went to Cuba as lieutenant colonel of a regiment of volunteer cavalry, which he himself had raised among the hunters and cowboys of the West. He won great fame as leader of these "Rough-Riders", whose story he told in one of his most popular books. Elected governor of the state of New York in 1898, he invested his two-year administration with the vigorous and businesslike characteristics which were his hallmark. He would have sought reelection in 1900, since much of his work was only half done, had the Republicans not chosen him as their candidate for the second office of the Union. He held the vice-presidency for less than a year, succeeding to the presidency after the assassination of President McKinley on September 14, 1901. In 1904 Roosevelt was elected to a full term as president. In 1902 President Roosevelt took the initiative in opening the international Court of Arbitration at The Hague, which, though founded in 1899, had not been called upon by any power in its first three years of existence. The United States and Mexico agreed to lay an old difference of theirs, concerning the Pious Foundations of California, before the Hague Tribunal. When this example was followed by other powers, the arbitration machinery created in 1899 was finally called into operation. Roosevelt also played a prominent part in extending the use of arbitration to international problems in the Western Hemisphere, concluding several arbitration treaties with European powers too, although the Senate refused to ratify them. In 1904 the Interparliamentary Union, meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, requested Roosevelt to call another international conference to continue the work begun at The Hague in 1899. Roosevelt responded immediately, and in the autumn of 1904 Secretary of State John Hay invited the powers to meet at The Hague. Russia, however, refused to participate in a conference while engaged in hostilities with Japan. After the peace of 1905, the matter was placed in the hands of the Russian government, which had taken the initiative in convening the first Hague Conference. In June, 1905, President Roosevelt offered his good offices as mediator between Russia and Japan, asking the belligerents to nominate plenipotentiaries to negotiate on the conditions of peace. In August they met at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and after some weeks of difficult negotiations concluded a peace treaty in September, 1905. Roosevelt's candidate for president, William Howard Taft, took office in 1909. Dissatisfied with Taft's performance, Roosevelt bolted the regular Republican Party in 1912 and accepted the presidential nomination by the Progressive Party. He outpolled Taft, but Woodrow Wilson outpolled each of them. In 1917 Wilson refused his offer to raise and command a division to fight in World War I. Roosevelt was an historian, a biographer, a statesman, a hunter, a naturalist, an orator. His prodigious literary output includes twenty-six books, over a thousand magazine articles, thousands of speeches and letters. In 1919, at the age of sixty, he died in his sleep.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Field Book Project: Person : Description : rid_16_pid_EACP15

Statesman, author, Governor of New York State (1898-1901), and President of the United States (1901-1909).

From the description of Manuscripts (Collection), 1882-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122379245

President of the United States 1901-1909.

From the description of Autograph manuscript of a telegram : to Sen. Lodge, 1918 Oct. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657450

In addition to his political career, Roosevelt was a prolific author on a variety of subjects, principally American history, politics, travel, and natural history.

From the description of List of works for the Authors Club Bibliography : AMs : Washington, D.C., [1892, no month, no day]. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 145506959

Elliott Coues (1842-1899), a disciple of Spencer F. Baird, was probably the most influential American ornithologist of his generation. From about 1860 to 1881 Coues served in the United States Army as Assistant Surgeon and from 1877 to 1886 served as Professor of Anatomy at Columbian College (now The George Washington University). His major publications include Key to North American Birds, 1872; Check List of North American Birds, 1873, 1882; and Field Ornithology, 1874.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt letter to Elliott L. Coues, 1882 Apr. 21. (Smithsonian Institution Libraries). WorldCat record id: 767882731

Governor of New York, Vice President and President of the United States.

From the description of Correspondence with Francis V. Greene, 1894-1918. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068445

Following six years as a federal civil service commissioner, Roosevelt was president of the New York City Board of Police Commissioners from 1895 to 1897.

From the description of TLS : New York, N.Y., to Henry A. Richmond, Buffalo, 1895 Oct. 11. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86138957

United States President from 1901-1909.

From the description of Correspondence 1905-1907. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 50807421

26th President of the U.S., rancher in the North Dakota Badlands.

From the description of Collection, 1922-1959. (North Dakota State University Library). WorldCat record id: 29932182

John Callan O'Laughlin was a journalist, publisher, and secretary to American president Theodore Roosevelt on his African safari, 1909-1910.

From the description of Letters to John Callan O'Laughlin, 1909-1918. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612774154

Theodore Roosevelt, author, soldier, editor, and politician, was a president of the United States.

From the description of Letter, dated 1911, February 28, New York, to Hon. Ben W. Hooper et al. (University of Tennessee). WorldCat record id: 45253564

Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), also known as "Teddy," was the twenty-sixth President of the United States and a leader of the Republican Party and of the Progressive Movement. His public service career included serving as Governor of New York, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and vice president to William McKinley, whom he succeeded as President upon McKinley's assassination in 1901. His reformist policies, collectively referred to as the "Square Deal", have led historians to view him as one of the ablest presidents and an icon of the Progressive Era. In addition to his political achievements, he was a historian, naturalist, explorer, author, and soldier.

From the guide to the Theodore Roosevelt Collection, 1882-1925, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Soldier and statesman. He served as the 26th President of the United States (1901-1909).

From the description of Correspondence, 1895-1907. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122535861

Roosevelt was the 26th president of the U.S., serving 1901-1909.

From the description of TLS, 1916 September 30 : Metropolitan, New York, to Joseph D. Smith, New York. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15010990

Theodore Roosevelt was the twenty-sixth president of the United States. Born on October 27, 1858, in New York, NY, he took office as president of the United States on September 14, 1901, and served until 1909. He died in Oyster Bay, NY, on January 6, 1919.

From the description of Letter, July 1, 1908. (Naval War College). WorldCat record id: 17928476

U.S. President 1901-1909. During his administration, Bryan served as ambassador to Brazil and to Portugal. Bryan, a Chicago native, lived in Colorado 1879-1884.

From the description of Letter, 1888 Nov. 24, Sagamore Hill, Oyster Bay, Long Island, N.Y., to [Charles Page] Bryan. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 19977986

Governor of New York and vice president and president of the United States.

From the description of Correspondence of Theodore Roosevelt, 1888-1921. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71068449

Kermit Roosevelt was the second son of American president Theodore Roosevelt and Edith Kermit (Carow) Roosevelt.

From the description of Letters to Kermit Roosevelt, 1890-1918. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 78585298

U.S. president.

From the description of Letter, 1917 Aug. 15. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70954437

American statesman and 26th President of the United States.

From the guide to the Theodore Roosevelt letter, 1910, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

From the description of Letter, 1910. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122553015

American politician and author, U.S. President from 1901-1908.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt collection, 1883-1953 (bulk 1883-1918). (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63937041

William Roscoe Thayer (1859-1923) was an American author and editor. He graduated from Harvard with an AB in 1881, became editor of the Harvard Graduates' Magazine in 1892, and was a biographer of Roosevelt. Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) received an AB from Harvard College in 1880, and later became the 26th president of the United States.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt correspondence with William Roscoe Thayer, 1884-1919. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612874358

Twenty-sixth president of the U.S.

From the description of Autograph and cover letter, 1909 Jan. 14. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70976920

Roosevelt was the 26th U.S. president, serving 1901-1909.

From the description of AMs, [1914 May] : on board Hamburg-Amerika Line. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15189692

President Theodore Roosevelt sent the Governor of Washington State, Albert E. Mead a letter on Dec. 31, 1907. It is an acknowledgement that Pres. Roosevelt had received Gov. Mead's acceptance to attend the conference of governors of various states and territories to discuss conservation of natural resources. In May 1908 there was a conference in Washington, D.C. of most governors to discuss the issues of conserving natural resources. On May 13, 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt delivered the opening address and at the outset of a three-day meeting billed as the Governors' Conference on the Conservation of Natural Resources he explained to the attendees that "the occasion for the meeting lies in the fact that the natural resources of our country are in danger of exhaustion if we permit the old wasteful methods of exploiting them longer to continue." The conference propelled conservation issues into the forefront of public consciousness and stimulated a large number of private and state-level conservation initiatives.

From the description of President Theodore Roosevelt's letter to Washington State Governor Albert E. Mead 1907 December 31. (Washington State Library, Office of Secretary of State). WorldCat record id: 244011256

U. S. President.

From the description of Letter, 1911. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155451277

Assistant Secretary of the Navy from Apr. 19, 1897-May 10, 1898; later U.S. President.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt letter, 1898 May 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 712068243

Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), the son of Theodore Roosevelt (1830-1877) and Martha Bulloch Roosevelt ( -1884), was the twenty-sixth president of the United States. He was also an historian, author, civil service commissioner, and assistant secretary of the navy in 1898. After his famed ascent of San Juan Hill, Roosevelt was elected governor of New York in 1898, and became vice-president under William McKinley in 1901.

From the description of Papers, 1868-1917. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 191259765

Dora Watkins was childhood nurse to American president Theodore Roosevelt.

From the description of Letters to Dora Watkins, 1867-1909. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 81818751

Theodore Roosevelt was President of the U.S. 1901-1909. In 1917 he unsuccessfully sought permission and funding to raise a regiment to fight in France during World War I.

From the description of Letter, 1917 June 22, Oyster Bay, N.Y. [to] Zella O'Hair, Indianapolis, Ind. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 29969192

Norman Hapgood was the editor of Collier's.

From the description of Letter, 1907 Dec. 10, the White House, Washington [D.C.], to Norman Hapgood, New York, New York. (Dartmouth College Library). WorldCat record id: 242982030

U.S. vice president and president; governor of New York.

From the description of Letters of Theodore Roosevelt, 1894-1918. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71067936

Twenty-sixth president of the United States.

From the description of Letter, April 8, 1912. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 54354827

From the description of Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Gladys I. Platten, 1915 November 12. (University of Nevada, Reno). WorldCat record id: 144662052

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt essay, 1918 Mar. 20. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 71129165

In April 1903 Theodore Roosevelt went on an extended camping trip. His camping companion in Yellowstone National Park was John Burroughs, and then in May, Roosevelt camped with John Muir in Yosemite National Park. Two years after this expedition, Roosevelt combined his account of this trip with accounts of earlier hunting trips (published in The Century and other periodicals) into Outdoor Pastimes of an American Hunter (1905).

From the description of Outdoor pastimes of an American hunter manuscript, 1905-1912 (bulk 1905). (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 316804251

Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the U.S. (1901-1909), was a passionate conservationist and supporter of the American Museum of Natural History. The New York State Roosevelt Memorial Hall, including a permanent exhibition on his life, opened in 1936.

From the description of Collection, 1871-1937. (American Museum of Natural History). WorldCat record id: 74473019

President and vice president of the United States, U.S. civil service commissioner, governor of New York, author, and conservationist.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt papers, 1759-1993 (bulk 1878-1919). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979830

Theodore Roosevelt, son of Theodore and Edith Kermit (Carow) Roosevelt, was born at Oyster Bay, Long Island, September 13, 1887. He graduated from Harvard. On June 20, 1910, he married Eleanor Butler Alexander. Served with distinction in World War I. He was a member of the N.Y. assembly, 1919-1920; assistant secretary of the Navy, 1921-1924; leader of the James Simpson-Roosevelt-Field Museum Expedition, 1928-1929; governor of Puerto Rico, 1929-1932; chairman of the board of American Express Company, 1934-1935; vice-president of Doubleday, Doran & Company since 1935; served in World War II with rank of brigadier general, December, 1941. He died in France in June 1944. (from Who's Who in America, 1940-1941; 1944-1945 ; Time) (blue index cards)

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt papers, 1896-1897. (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 402511872

Theodore Roosevelt was the twenty-sixth president of the United States, the first American to win a Nobel Peace Prize, and a writer of travel literature, biographies, historiographies, essays, and literary criticism.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt collection of papers, 1903-[1919]. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122531810

From the guide to the Theodore Roosevelt collection of papers, 1871-[1919, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

President of the United States.

From the description of Autograph card signed : New York, N.Y., to Charles de Kay, [18]85 Jan. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657404

From the description of Typewritten letter signed : Camp Wikoff, Montauk Point, Long Island, to William M. Laffan, 1898 Aug. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657397

From the description of Typewritten letter signed : Oyster Bay, New York, to Colonel George Harvey, 1904 Aug. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657394

From the description of Who should go West? : autograph manuscript signed of pages one and four of the article : [n.p., n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657419

From the description of Autograph signature to a typewritten letter : Police Dept. City of New York, to C.W. Dayton, 1896 Apr. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657447

From the description of Autograph signature, as President, to a document : Washington, D.C., 1905 Jan. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657388

From the description of Typewritten letter signed : New York, to Albert H. Walker, 1911 Aug. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657429

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "White House, Washington," to John Schuyler Crosby, 1907 Jan. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657412

From the description of Typewritten note signed : Oyster Bay, to Howard C. Smith, 1918 July 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657439

From the description of Papers, 1898-1916 and n.d. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 32878850

Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States.

He was born in New York City in 1858 and died in 1919 at Sagamore Hill.

From the description of Theodore Roosevelt portrait photograph and letter to Lieutenant Kathryn C. Ditmars, 1917-1918. (University of California, Irvine). WorldCat record id: 56828892

Biographical Note

  • 1858, Oct. 27: Born, New York, N.Y.
  • 1880: B.A., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Married Alice Hathaway Lee (died 1884)
  • 1882: Published The Naval War of 1812. New York: Putnam
  • 1882 - 1884 : Member, New York State Assembly
  • 1886: Married Edith Kermit Carow Published Hunting Trips of a Ranchman. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1887: Published Life of Thomas Hart Benton. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Co.
  • 1888: Published Gouverneur Morris. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. Published Essays on Practical Politics. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1889 - 1895 : Commissioner, United States Civil Service
  • 1889 - 1896 : Published The Winning of the West. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1891: Published New York. New York: Longmans, Green, and Co.
  • 1893: Published The Wilderness Hunter. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
  • 1895: President, Board of Police Commissioners, New York, N.Y.
  • 1897: Assistant secretary of the navy Published American Ideals, and Other Essays, Social and Political. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1898: Organized First Regiment United States Volunteer Cavalry, known as "Roosevelt's Rough Riders," and commissioned lieutenant colonel
  • 1899: Published Big Game Hunting in the Rockies and on the Great Plains. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons Published The Rough Riders. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1899 - 1901 : Governor of New York
  • 1900: Published Oliver Cromwell. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1901: Inaugurated vice president of the United States Published The Strenuous Life: Essays and Addresses. New York: Century Co.
  • 1901 - 1909 : President of the United States
  • 1905: Published Outdoor Pastimes of an American Hunter. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1906: Nobel Prize for Peace for the mediating end of the Russo-Japanese War Published A Square Deal. Allendale, N.J.: Allendale Press
  • 1909: Published Hunting the Grizzly and Other Sketches. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1910: African expedition of big game hunting and scientific exploration for the Smithsonian Institution Published African Game Trails, An Account of the African Wanderings of an American Hunter-Naturalist. New York: C. Scribner's Sons Published The New Nationalism. New York: The Outlook Co.
  • 1912: Organized Progressive "Bull Moose" Party; nominated as presidential candidate President, American Historical Association
  • 1913: Headed expedition to South America Published Theodore Roosevelt: An Autobiography. New York: Macmillan
  • 1914: Published Through the Brazilian Wilderness. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1914 - 1918 : Writer and lecturer on World War I
  • 1919, Jan. 6: Died, Oyster Bay, N.Y.

From the guide to the Theodore Roosevelt Papers, 1759-1993, (bulk 1878-1919), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Biographical Note

  • 1887, Sept. 13: Born, Oyster Bay, N.Y.
  • 1908: A.B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1910: Married Eleanor Butler Alexander (died 1960)
  • 1910 - 1917 : Engaged in business
  • 1917, June: Arrived in France with the U.S. Army's First Division, American Expeditionary Forces
  • 1918: Promoted to lieutenant colonel
  • 1919: Helped organize the American Legion Published Average Americans (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 252 pp.)
  • 1919 - 1920 : Member, New York State Assembly
  • 1921 - 1924 : Assistant secretary of the navy
  • 1922: Chairman, Committee of Naval Experts at Limitation of Armament Conference
  • 1924: Republican candidate for governor of New York
  • 1925 - 1926 : Led James Simpson-Roosevelt Asiatic expedition
  • 1926: Published with Kermit Roosevelt East of the Sun and West of the Moon (New York: C. Scribner's Sons. 284 pp.)
  • 1928: Published Rank and File; True Stories of the Great War (New York: C. Scribner's Sons. 279 pp.)
  • 1928 - 1929 : Led Kelley-Roosevelt-Field Museum expedition, Asia
  • 1929: Published All In the Family (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons. 189 pp.) Published with Kermit Roosevelt Trailing the Giant Panda (New York: C. Scribner's Sons. 278 pp.)
  • 1929 - 1932 : Governor, Puerto Rico
  • 1932 - 1933 : Governor General, the Philippines
  • 1933: Published with Harold J. CoolidgeThree Kingdoms of Indo-China (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell. 331 pp.)
  • 1934 - 1935 : Chairman of the Board, American Express Co.
  • 1935: Vice president, Doubleday, Doran and Co.
  • 1937: Published Colonial Policies Of the United States (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran. 204 pp.)
  • 1941: Returned to active duty in the U.S. Army; promoted to brigadier general
  • 1944, July 12: Died in France

From the guide to the Theodore Roosevelt Papers, 1780-1962, (bulk 1920-1944), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Biography

Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States. He was born in New York City in 1858 and died in 1919 at Sagamore Hill.

From the guide to the Theodore Roosevelt portrait photograph and letter to Lieutenant Kathryn C. Ditmars, 1917-1918, (University of California, Irvine. Library. Special Collections and Archives.)

Herbert Strauss (1899-1974) was a Chicago investment banker who collected historical documents. The Herbert R. Strauss Collection of Theodore Roosevelt Papers was donated to the University of Chicago in four installments from 1960 to 1974.

Born on October 27, 1858, Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States. Roosevelt'sfirst elected office was as a New York State Assemblyman. After serving his term as an Assemblyman, Roosevelt left public life and founded and operated a ranch in North Dakota. After the collapse of his ranch, Roosevelt returned to public life, and quickly rose through the Republican Party. He was a member of the Civil Service Commission from 1888 to1895. In 1895 he became president of the New York City Police Commission and served in that capacity until he was made Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1897. He served in this position until the Spanish American War. During the war, he founded and lead the First U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment in Cuba.

After his success in Cuba, Roosevelt returned to politics. In 1898 he was elected governor of New York. In the second year of his term as governor, he was selected as the running mate of the eventual winner, William McKinley. After McKinley's assassination in 1901, Roosevelt became president. In 1904 Roosevelt easily won reelection. After he decided not to run in the 1908 election, Roosevelt returned to politics, and in 1912 ran for president of the United States under the Bull Moose Party. Roosevelt lost the election and largely retreated from public life. Theodore Roosevelt died in 1919.

Lemuel E. Quigg was a journalist and New York Republican politician who was associated with Theodore Roosevelt. Quigg was the editor of the Republican organization newspaper and integral to Roosevelt's quick rise through the Republican ranks. Quigg helped arrange Roosevelt's appointment to the New York City Police Commission and persuaded Republican elites to nominate Roosevelt for the New York Governorship.

William Murphy was a real estate investor and active in the New York Republican Party. He served on many state conventions and was an early supporter of Theodore Roosevelt.

From the guide to the Strauss, Herbert R. Collection of Theodore Roosevelt Papers, 1884-1919, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Robert Morton Hughes, an alumnus of the College of William and Mary, attended the University of Virginia Law School. He was the son of Robert William and Eliza M. (Johnston) Hughes. He practiced law in Norfolk, Virginia. Hughes was the president of the Virginia Bar Association; biographer of Joseph Eggleston Johnston; a member of the Virginia Board of Education; and served as a member and as rector of the Board of Visitors of the College of William and Mary.

  • 1855: Born, in Abingdon, Virginia,the son of Robert William and Eliza M. [Johnston] Hughes
  • 1870 - 1873 : Attended College of William and Mary,A.B.
  • 1877: M.A., University of Virginia
  • 1877: Began law practice in Norfolk
  • 1879: Married Mattie Smithof Williamsburg(two sons)
  • 1893 - 1918 : Member of the Board of Visitors of the College of William and Mary,served as Rector
  • 1895: President, Virginia Bar Association
  • 1930 - 1935 : Member, Virginia State Board of Education
  • 1940: Died in Norfolk, Virginia

From the guide to the Robert Morton Hughes Papers, 1715-1933., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

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Subjects:

  • Patriotism
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  • Jews--Correspondence
  • Hunting
  • Presidents--Election
  • American literature--20th century
  • Whiskey
  • Education, Higher--History--Sources
  • Conservation--Congresses
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  • Frontier and pioneer life
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  • Presidents--Autographs
  • Wealth--Moral and ethical aspects
  • Material Types
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  • Political campaigns--United States
  • Cherokee Indians--Claims
  • Presidents--Correspondence
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  • Elections
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Shrews
  • Animals--Catalogs and collections
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  • Police administration
  • Manila Bay, Battle of, Philippines, 1898
  • Urban animals
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  • Birds--Conservation
  • Military readiness
  • Virginia--Politics and government--1865-1950
  • Voting
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  • Land grants
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Places:

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  • Huntington (N.Y. : Town) (as recorded)
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  • Sagamore Hill (Oyster Bay, N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Oyster Bay (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Panama Canal (Panama) (as recorded)
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  • Panama (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Egypt (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Panama (as recorded)
  • North Dakota (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
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  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
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  • United States (as recorded)
  • Switzerland (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Dawson (Yukon) (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • Southern States (as recorded)
  • Switzerland (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)