Von Neumann, John, 19031957
Alternative namesBiographical notes:
John (Johann) Louis von Neumann (19031957) was born in Budapest and showed early signs of being a child prodigy. He entered the University of Budapest in 1921, but also attended the University of Berlin and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology before obtaining a degree in chemical engineering in 1925. He earned his Doctorate in Mathematics from the University of Budapest in 1927. After graduation, he worked at the University of Berlin before becoming a visiting professor to Princeton from 19301953. Concurrent with his time at Princeton was the development of the Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS), of which he was an active participant working with the creation of an IAS computer. He became a U.S. citizen in the 1930s. His interests and fields of study included early computers and computing, hydrodynamics, ballistics, meteorology, statistics, quantum theory, and game theory (which he founded). His knowledge and expertise in these areas allowed him to assist the U. S. government during WWII, including working with the Los Alamos National Laboratory (the Manhattan Project), and he continued with this work even after the war. During the 1950s, Von Neumann was employed as a consultant with IBM: his only patent was filed for them in 1954.
From the guide to the John Von Neumann Collection 2003096., 19131925, 19421956, 19891992, (Archives of American Mathematics, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)
Mathematician, atomic energy commissioner, and educator.
From the description of John Von Neumann papers, 19121996 (bulk 19351957). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982518
John Von Neumann earned his Doctorate in Mathematics from the University of Budapest in 1927. He worked at the University of Berlin, and then Princeton University until his death in 1957. His interests included computing, quantum theory, and game theory. Von Neumann was also employed as a consultant for IBM (1950s).
From the description of Von Neumann, John, collection, 19131992. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 52570382
Hungarian born John Von Neumann is generally regarded as one of the foremost mathematicians of the 20th century.
The Magnetic Drum Digital Differential Analyzer (MADDIDA) was a computer built by Northrop Aircraft Corporation in 1950.
From the description of John Von Neumann collection, 19191966 (bulk 19191949) (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 216942184
Biographical Note

1903, Dec. 28:
Born, Budapest, Hungary 
1926:
Ph.D., University of Budapest,Budapest, Hungary 
1929:
Married Mariette Kovesi (divorced 1937) 
1930:
Immigrated to United States 
1930 1933 :Visiting professor, Princeton University,Princeton, N.J. 
1932:
Published Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik. Berlin: J. Springer 
1933 1957 :Research professor of mathematics, Institute for Advanced Study,Princeton, N.J. 
1937:
Naturalized United States citizen 
1939:
Married Klara Dan 
1940 1957 :Member, Scientific Advisory Committee,Ballistic Research Laboratory,Aberdeen, Md. 
1943 1955 :Consultant, Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory,Los Alamos, N.Mex. 
1944:
Published Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. Princeton: Princeton University Press 
1952 1954 :Member, General Advisory Committee,United States Atomic Energy Commission 
1955 1957 :Commissioner, United States Atomic Energy Commission 
1957, Feb. 8:
Died, Washington, D.C.
From the guide to the John Von Neumann Papers, 19121996, (bulk 19351957), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
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Subjects:
 MADDIDA (Magnetic Drum Digital Differential Analyzer)History
 Nuclear energy
 Quantum theory
 Nuclear energyGovernment policy
 Ballistics
 Quantum theoryHistory20th century
 Nuclear energyGovernment policyUnited States
 Genealogy
 Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
 PhysicsHistory
 Mathematicians20th centuryCorrespondence
 Continuous geometries
 Relativity (Physics)
 MathematicsStudy and teaching20th century
 Computers
 Wave mechanics
 Game theory
 Atomic theory
 Operator theory
 Complementarity (Physics)
 ComputersHistory
 Physics
 MathematicsStudy and teaching
 Quantum theoryHistory
Occupations:
 Educators
 Atomic energy commissioners
 Mathematicians
 Physicists
Places:
 New JerseyPrinceton (as recorded)
 United States (as recorded)
 United States (as recorded)