Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1743-04-13
Death 1826-07-04
US
English

Biographical notes:

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was an American statesman and third president of the United States.

From the description of Thomas Jefferson letter, 1809. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367818629

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) was the third president of the United States, born in Goochland (now Albemarle County), Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775, and with R. H. Lee and Patrick Henry initiated the inter-colonial committee of correspondence in 1773. He wrote the widely circulated Summary View of the Rights of British America in 1774. Jefferson was a member of the Continental Congress in 1775 and 1776, and was chairman of committee that prepared Declaration of Independence. Jefferson himself wrote and presented the first draft of Declaration to Congress on July 2, 1776. He then signed Declaration with other founding fathers. Jefferson was Governor of Virginia from 1779 to 1781, and again a member of the Continental Congress from 1783 to 1785. He proposed decimal coinage, a series of provisions later embodied in Ordinance of 1787. He served as U.S. minister to France from 1785 to 1789, and as U.S. Secretary of State from 1790 to 1793. He served as Vice president of the U.S. from 1797 to 1801, and drafted the Kentucky Resolves in 1798, against the Alien and Sedition Acts. Jefferson was President of the United States from 1801 to 1809, elected by the House of Representatives after a tie in electoral vote (with Aaron Burr, q.v.). His presidential administration is remembered for the purchase of Louisiana from France in 1803 and dispatch of Lewis and Clark to explore it; the war against Algerian pirates from 1801 to 1805; diplomatic trouble with Great Britain over "impressments" of American seamen (Embargo Act of 1807); and prohibition of the importation of slaves. After retirement from presidency, Jefferson lived on his plantation at Monticello near Charlottesville, Virginia. He was instrumental in founding the University of Virginia in 1819. He was a noted naturalist, scholar, and architect, and author of Notes on the State of Virginia in 1785.Thomas Jefferson was born 13 April 1743 in Goochland County, Virginia, (now part of Albemarle County, Virginia). He graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1762. A member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775, Jefferson represented Virginia in the Continental Congresses in 1775 and 1776. He wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Jefferson served as governor of Virginia from 1779 to 1781. After serving another term in Congress from 1783 to 1784, he was appointed minister to France and served from 1784 to 1788. Jefferson served as Secretary of State under President George Washington from 1789 to 1793, and as Vice President under President John Adams from 1797 to 1801. Jefferson succeeded Adams as president, serving from 1801 to 1809. Upon his retirement, Jefferson returned to his home Monticello in Albemarle County. He founded the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Virginia. Jefferson died 4 July 1826 and is buried at Monticello.

Epithet: actor, son of Joseph Jefferson

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000544.0x00007c

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Occupations:

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Places:

  • Shadwell Plantation, VA, US
  • Charlottesville, VA, US