Austin, Stephen F. (Stephen Fuller), 1793-1836

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1793-11-03
Death 1836-12-27
English, Spanish; Castilian

Biographical notes:

Stephen F. Austin, son of Moses Austin, initiated the Anglo-American colonization of Texas by assuming ownership of a land grant given to his father by the Spanish government in 1821.

From the description of Austin, Stephen F., papers, 1819-1821. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 20430891

Stephen Fuller Austin was born on November 3, 1793 in Virginia to Maria and Moses Austin. He was educated in Connecticut and at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. He later became involved in his father's lead mining business in Missouri. Austin also studied law in New Orleans. During his time in Missouri, Austin served in the state legislature for five years. Following his father's death in 1821, Austin took over the responsibilities of his father's land grant of 200,000 acres from the Spanish, obtaining ratification for the grant from the newly established Mexican government. Austin succeeded in settling hundreds of families in his colony, creating Anglo-Texas. Austin attempted to prevent his colony from being entangled in the constant political turmoil in Mexico during the 1820s and first years of the 1830s. Austin worked to establish formal relations with Native Americans in the area. Unable to prevent colonists from fighting against Mexican rule, Austin participated in the Texas Revolution in 1835 as commander of the volunteer army from his colony's region. Austin also acted as a Commissioner, responsible for raising support for Texas from the United States during the Revolution. Following the Revolution, Austin was defeated in his bid for the presidency of Texas. He served as the Secretary of State under President Sam Houston, the man who had defeated him in the election. Austin died on December 27, 1836.

From the description of Stephen F. Austin collection, 1790-1836. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 694797605

Stephen Fuller Austin was born on November 3, 1793 in Virginia to Maria and Moses Austin. He was educated in Connecticut and at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. He later became involved in his father's lead mining business in Missouri. Austin also studied law in New Orleans. During his time in Missouri, Austin served in the state legislature for five years.

Following his father's death in 1821, Austin took over the responsibilities of his father's land grant of 200,000 acres from the Spanish, obtaining ratification for the grant from the newly established Mexican government. Austin succeeded in settling hundreds of families in his colony, creating Anglo-Texas. Austin attempted to prevent his colony from being entangled in the constant political turmoil in Mexico during the 1820s and first years of the 1830s. Austin worked to establish formal relations with Native Americans in the area.

Unable to prevent colonists from fighting against Mexican rule, Austin participated in the Texas Revolution in 1835 as commander of the volunteer army from his colony's region. Austin also acted as a Commissioner, responsible for raising support for Texas from the United States during the Revolution. Following the Revolution, Austin was defeated in his bid for the presidency of Texas. He served as the Secretary of State under President Sam Houston, the man who had defeated him in the election. Austin died on December 27, 1836.

Sources:

Dan L. Thrapp. Encyclopedia of Frontier Biography, Vol. I. Spokane: Arthur C. Clark, Co., 1990.

The Handbook of Texas, Vol. I. Walter Prescott Webb, ed. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1952.

From the guide to the Stephen F. Austin Collection 1982-005., 1790-1836, (Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries)

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Constellation Information

Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67p92c2
Ark ID:
w67p92c2
SNAC ID:
13964664

Subjects:

  • Texas--History--To 1846
  • Emigration and immigration
  • Lead mines and mining
  • Frontier and pioneer life
  • Maps shelf
  • Comanche Indians
  • Indians of North America
  • Collecting of accounts
  • Surveying
  • Manuscript maps--Facsimiles
  • Land grants

Occupations:

  • Public officers--United States

Places:

  • Texas (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Galveston (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Anahuac (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Galveston (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • San Felipe (Tex.) (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)