Eisenhower, Dwight D., (Dwight David), 1890-1969

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1890-10-14
Death 1969-03-28
Americans,
English,

Biographical notes:

At the time when he received this letter, M.E. Batier was the Secretary General of the Committee of French-American Friendship (Comité France-Amérique?) in Paris.

From the description of Eisenhower letter and photograph : sent to M. E. Batier, 1957 August 9. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 305131244

U.S. President, president of Columbia University, and army officer.

From the description of Dwight D. Eisenhower papers, 1944-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981827

U. S. President.

From the description of Letter, 1949, January 29, Columbia University, New York, to Henry M. Wriston, President of Brown University. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122471171

Army officer, President.

From the description of Reminiscences of Dwight David Eisenhower : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122608530

ARPA is the Advanced Research Projects Agency.

From the description of Approval for ARPA Projects : memo to the Secretary of Defense, 1958 Mar 24. (Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library and Archives). WorldCat record id: 733099527

The army general and 34th president of the United States was president of Columbia University from February 1948 to December 1950.

From the description of Letter : New York, NY, to John T. Van Sant, 1950 March 20. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122531766

From the guide to the Dwight D. Eisenhower manuscript material : 1 item, 1950, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

U.S. president, 1953-1961.

From the description of Letter : Denver, Colo., to Danny Pelton, Livingston Manor, N.Y., 1952 July 23. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 30053853

Epithet: US President, d1969

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000295.0x0000eb

Commander of Allied forces in Europe.

From the description of Letter, 1943. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58778928

Epithet: General

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001477.0x00015e

American soldier and statesman. He served as the 34th President of the United States (1953-1961).

From the description of Letter, 1957. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145435276

Thirty-fourth president of the United States.

From the description of Program 1946. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 48839567

Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) was a general in the United States Army and the President of the United States from 1953 until 1961.

From the guide to the Dwight D. Eisenhower Speech, 1962, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

As biographical note should be included here. Emphasis should be placed on Eisenhower's tenure as President.

From the description of Papers and Records as President 1953-1961. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122554338

U.S. President.

From the description of Letter signed : New York, to the Director of the Pierpont Morgan Library, 1950 May 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270743144

From the description of Typewritten letter signed : the White House, Washington, D.C., to Mrs. John C. Hughes, 1957 May 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270745296

Theodore Roosevelt Dalton was born 3 July 1901 in Carroll County, Virginia, the son of Currell and Lodoska Maritn Dalton. he received his B.A. from the College of William and Mary as well as his law degree. Dalton was Commonwealth's Attorney for Radford, Virginia and state senator from 1944-1960. He was the Republican Party candidate for governor in 1953 and 1957. Dalton was appointed federal judge for the Western District of Virginia. His adopted son was John N. Dalton who served as governor of Virginia. Ted Dalton died 30 October 1989.

From the guide to the Ted Dalton Papers, 1933-1978, 1952-1959., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969) was leader of the Allied forces in Europe in World War II, commander of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and the thirty-fourth president of the United States, from January 20, 1953, to January 20, 1961. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas, the third son of David Jacob Eisenhower, a railroad worker, and Ida Elizabeth Stover. In 1891, the family moved to Abilene, Kansas, where David accepted a job at a local creamery run by the Mennonite River Brethren. His parents had a Pennsylvania Dutch background and raised their six sons in a modest, religious household. In 1909 Eisenhower graduated from Abilene High School, where he had earned a reputation as an avid student of history and an athlete. He worked at the creamery for two years before attending the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. There he earned the nickname "Ike." He graduated from West Point in 1915. While stationed in San Antonio, Texas, he met Mamie Doud, whom he married on July 1, 1916. The couple would later have two sons. Their first son, Doud Dwight Eisenhower, died in childhood; their second son, John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower, graduated from West Point and served as a White House assistant to his father. During World War I, the Army assigned him training duties, and he was commander of a tank encampment at Camp Colt in Pennsylvania. He advanced through the ranks to become first lieutenant in July 1916, captain in May 1917, major in June 1918, and lieutenant colonel in October 1918. In June 1920 he reverted to captain and regained the rank of major six months later. From 1922 to 1924, Eisenhower was posted at the Panama Canal Zone as an aide to Brig. Gen. Fox Conner, who rekindled his interest in history and writing. In 1926 he graduated from the Command and General Staff School. In 1927 he served with the American Battle Monuments Commission in Paris under Gen. John J. Pershing. He graduated from the Army War College in 1928. From 1929 to 1932, he was assistant executive to the assistant secretary of war. In 1933, he became a special assistant to Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Washington, D.C., and the Philippines. He drafted speeches and papers for MacArthur. In 1940, the Army assigned him regimental executive officer in the 15th Infantry, then chief of staff of 3rd Infantry Division. From March to September 1941, he was chief of staff of IX Corps, then Third Army. He made brigadier general in September 1941. Shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Eisenhower reported to Washington, D.C., for an assignment with the war plans division of the War Department General Staff. He rose to major general in April 1942. From June 1942 to November 1943, he served as commander of U.S. Forces in Europe. The Army promoted him to lieutenant general in July 1942 and general in February 1943. In November 1942, he led the invasion of North Africa and, in December of the following year, the invasion of Italy. He commanded Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion launched by the D-Day (June 6, 1944) attacks in northern France. In December 1943, he became supreme commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force and held the position until November 1945. In December 1944, he also became General of the U.S. Army with five stars. After World War II, he served as chief of staff of the U.S. Army until his retirement from the service in May 1948. He then served as president of Columbia University until 1950. At the beginning of the Korean War, President Harry S. Truman recalled Eisenhower to active duty and saw to his appointment as Supreme Allied Commander of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces. In 1952, the Republican Party selected Eisenhower as its presidential candidate. He defeated Democratic candidate Adlai E. Stevenson. He served two terms as President of the United States, from 1953 to 1961. While president, he demonstrated a casual style of leadership. He devoted his attention to enforcing fiscal conservatism and maintaining peace for the United States. He did not interfere with social changes taking place in America at the time, particularly the African American civil rights movement, although he did send federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to settle the unrest related to school desegregation in 1957. In his farewell address as president, he warned of the growing "military-industrial complex" and its effects on the federal government. His decorations included six Distinguished Service Medals and the Legion of Merit. He authored several books, including Crusade in Europe (1949) and Mandate for Change (1963). He died on March 28, 1969, in Washington, D.C.

From the description of Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10678039

Dwight Eisenhower, 34th President of the United States, from 1953 to 1961.

From the description of Press release of speech, 1950 July 4. (Temple University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 122635661

President of the United States.

From the description of Typed letter signed : the White House, to Mr. Junius S. Morgan, 1954 Dec. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270745305

Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) was born in Denison, Texas along the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad but moved to Abilene, Kansas, after his birth from where Eisenhower entered the United States Military Academy, West Point, in 1911 and graduated at the top of the middle third of his class. During World War II, Eisenhower was transferred to the War Plans Division under General George C. Marshall.

Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Eisenhower was assigned to the Washington-based General Staff to craft war plans against Japan and Germany. After June 1942, he was appointed Deputy Chief in charge of Pacific Defenses under the Chief of War Plans Division, General Leonard T. Gerow, whom he succeeded follow Gerow’s appointment as commander of V Corps in the European Theater of Operations. Eisenhower was appointed Commanding General of the European Theater of Operations in 1942, then Supreme Commander Allied (Expeditionary) Force of the North African Theater of Operations. His authority expanded several times, encompassing more of the Mediterranean basin, until in 1944 when President Roosevelt appointed him Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force. He gave the order to begin landing on the Normandy beaches on June 6, 1944 (D-Day) and accepted the Nazi surrender eleven months later. Eisenhower was appointed the Military Governor of the United States Occupation Zone based in Frankfurt am Main and oversaw the distribution of food and medical supplied to the German refugees.

Eisenhower returned to Washington in November 1945, to replace General George C. Marshall as Chief of Staff of the Army. His primary responsibility was to oversee the demobilization of millions of soldiers. He briefly served as President of Columbia University in 1948, taking leave in 1950 to become the Supreme Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). He retired from military service on May 31, 1952, and resumed his position at Columbia University until January 1952. Later that year, Eisenhower accepted the Republican nomination for President, following several years of demurring. As President, Eisenhower continued many of Roosevelt’s social reforms while insisting on greater fiscal responsibility in the federal government. Eisenhower left office in 1961 and died eight years later at Walter Reed Army Hospital outside Washington, D.C.

Source:

Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. Eisenhower, Dwight D., http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/EE/fei1.html (accessed July 8, 2010).

From the guide to the Dwight D. Eisenhower Scrapbook 1953., 1942-1945, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Dwight David Eisenhower was born in Denison, Texas in 1890.

He was a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point (1915) and served as commander in chief of allied forces in western Europe during the Second World War. After his retirement from military service, he was president of Columbia University (1948-1953) until his election as thirty-fourth president of the U.S. (1954-1962). Eisenhower and his wife, Mamie Doud Eisenhower, were friends of Ellis Dwinnell Slater (b. 1895), a beverage company executive and trustee of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Slater was the author of "The Ike I Knew" published in 1980. Dwight David Eisenhower died in 1969.

From the description of Slater collection of Dwight D. Eisenhower letters 1948-1979. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 49308214

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