Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893

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Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893

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Name :

Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893


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Brooks, Phillips

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Name :

Brooks, Phillips


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Brooks, Phil 1835-1893

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Brooks, Phil 1835-1893


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Brooks, Phil. (Phillips), 1835-1893

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Brooks, Phil. (Phillips), 1835-1893


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Brooks, Phillipps 1835-1893

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Brooks, Phillipps 1835-1893


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Ragaišienė, Audronė

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Ragaišienė, Audronė


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Ганин, А

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Ганин, А


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Brooks, Phillips, Bp., 1835-1895

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Brooks, Phillips, Bp., 1835-1895


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Exist Dates

Exist Dates - Date Range

1835-12-13

1835-12-13

Birth

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1893-01-23

1893-01-23

Death

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Biographical History

Brooks was an Episcopal clergyman. He was rector of Trinity Church, Boston (1868-1893) and bishop of Massachusetts (1891-1893).

From the description of Sermons and lectures, 1858-1891. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 81069474 From the description of Correspondence and compositions, 1831-1901 and undated. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 79390105 From the description of Papers, 1832-1892. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122575025 From the description of Papers of Phillips Brooks and the Brooks family, 1750-1917. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122402876 From the guide to the Correspondence and compositions, 1831-1901 and undated., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) From the guide to the Phillips Brooks additional sermons, undated., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) From the guide to the Sermons and lectures, 1858-1891., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) From the guide to the Papers, 1832-1892., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University) From the guide to the Phillips Brooks and Brooks family papers, 1750-1917., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Brooks was an Episcopal clergyman, rector of Trinity Church, Boston (1869-1891) and was the sixth bishop of Massachusetts (1891-1893).

From the description of [Sermon, 1860 Jul. 20 / Phillips Brooks] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 174549452

Phillips Brooks (1835-1893), Episcopal clergyman, was a widely known preacher and religious leader who held for more than twenty years the influential position at Boston's Trinity Church.

From the description of Papers, 1866-1900. (American Antiquarian Society). WorldCat record id: 191259205

Gifted Episcopalian preacher at Trinity Church of Boston.

From the description of Letters : 1878-1888. (Boston Public Library). WorldCat record id: 37601594

Brooks was an Episcopal clergyman. He was rector of Trinity Church, Boston (1868-1893), and bishop of Massachusetts (1891-1893).

From the description of Additional papers, 1859-1892. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 78642275 From the guide to the Additional papers, 1859-1892., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

American clergyman.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (4) : Boston and Milan, to [John W.] Field, 1872 Nov. 4-1881 Sept. 28. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270134448

Brooks was an Episcopal bishop.

From the description of Autograph, 1891. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80677722

Episcopalian minister.

From the description of Letter, 1887 Feb. 3, Boston, to Samuel Eliot. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 166329759

Brooks was an Episcopal clergyman. He was rector of Trinity Church, Boston (1868-1893) and Bishop of Massachusetts (1891-1893). He received an AB degree from Harvard College in 1855.

From the description of Phillips Brooks additional sermons, undated. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612814355

Phillips Brooks was ordained Bishop of Massachusetts in the Episcopal Church in 1891.

From the description of Notes : for sermons and lectures : manuscript, 1878 and undated. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612850739

American preacher and Episcopal bishop of Massachusetts.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Boston, to "My dear Madam," 1889 Apr. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 729272324

Brooks, an Episcopal clergyman, was rector of Trinity Church, Boston (1868-1893) and bishop of Massachusetts (1891-1893).

From the description of Letters to Edward Everett Hale and Lady Frances Stanley, 1867-1892. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 80601592 From the guide to the Phillips Brooks letters, 1867-1892., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Prominent American Episcopalian minister, bishop from 1891-1893.

From the description of Phillips Brooks autograph, undated. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 63936795

Clergyman.

From the description of Phillips Brooks correspondence, 1871-1887. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79451672

Phillips Brooks (1835-1893) was a prominent Episcopal clergyman and had a long association with Harvard University. He was a rector of Trinity Church in Boston and Bishop of Massachusetts. He was a member of the Harvard University Board of Overseers (1870-1889), preacher to Harvard University (1881-1891), and a member of the Board of University Preachers to Harvard University (1886-1891).

From the description of Papers of Phillips Brooks, 1877-1922, 1941. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 76972767

Jay Winston Johns, Jr. was a coal industrialist from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who moved to Virginia and became a leader in preserving homes of renowned Virginians. He married Helen Lambert (1881-1964). Johns became blind in the late 1950's.

He and his wife owned "Ash Lawn," Albemarle County, Virginia which had been the home of James Monroe and designed by Thomas Jefferson. Johns was founder of the Lee-Jackson Memorial, Inc., a foundation dedicated to preserving the memory of Robert E. Lee, Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson and the South's part in the Civil War; and a founder of the Virginia Trust for Historic Preservation, an organization whose main purpose was that of purchasing, restoring, and maintaining for the public, homes of renowned men specifically, the Lee-Fendall House in Alexandria, Virginia.

Johns, himself was a strong Democrat and corresponded with and publicly supported all of the prominent Virginia political figures of his time. He was a spirited supporter of the Virginia Military Institute as a member of the Board of Visitors, and as an honorary member of the Alumni Association; a charter member, and later trustee of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts; and a member of the Virginia Chapter of the Society of the Cincinnati. He also received an honorary degree from the College of William and Mary in 1967.

From the guide to the Jay Johns Papers, 1918-1974., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)

Phillips Brooks was a prominent Episcopal clergyman. He was rector of Trinity Church, Boston (1868-1893), Bishop of Massachusetts (1891-1893), and had a long association with Harvard University.

Brooks was born on December 13, 1835 in Boston, Massachusetts to William Gray Brooks and Mary A. (Phillips) Brooks. Brooks was the second of six sons, four of whom entered the ministry. Brooks's family had settled in New England in the 1630s and had taken an active interest in the religious and educational interests of Massachusetts. Both sides of Brooks's family had produced Puritan clergymen. He was baptized in the First Church of Boston but at his mother's urging the Brooks's family became identified with the St. Paul's Episcopal Church.

After graduating from the Boston Latin School (1850), Brooks was admitted to Harvard College in 1851 at the age of sixteen. He excelled in languages, logic, and philosophy, graduating 13th out of a class of 66 in 1855. Brooks immediately accepted a post at the Boston Latin School in 1856 but soon became disenchanted with teaching and left after only six months. Urged by his former teachers at Harvard to enter the ministry, Brooks enrolled in the Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria, Virginia. Here he discovered his spiritual passion and a need to convey to others the life, spirit, and power of Jesus Christ.

Brooks began his religious ministry in Philadelphia in 1859 as a deacon for the Church of the Advent. He was an impressive preacher and his sermons and writings were noted for their power of thought and poetic expression. In 1862 Brooks became the rector for the Church of the Holy Trinity, again in Philadelphia. Here he voiced his support for the Union cause during the Civil War and his sermon in 1865 in honor of the martyred Abraham Lincoln attracted wide attention. Shortly after, Brooks was invited to present a prayer at Harvard University's commencement exercises in honor of those Harvard community members who had fought in the war. Brooks's presentation impressed the Harvard audience and further cemented his reputation as a prominent preacher. Growing in stature, Brooks returned to Boston in 1869 as rector of Trinity Church. There he was to remain for the next twenty-five years.

Brooks was a prominent member of the Broad Church Movement in the Episcopal Church. His sermons, poetic rather than analytical, promised a full and joyous life to those who accepted Jesus Christ. Moreover, Brooks hoped to make the Christian faith relevant to the changing conditions of the modern world. His Trinity Church sermons attracted large audiences and were noted for their evangelical spirit. People flocked to hear Brooks speak and he lectured around the country. His sermons Lectures on Preaching ( Yale Divinity School, 1877) and The Influence of Jesus (Philadelphia, 1879) were well received. In 1880, Brooks became the first American to preach at Westminster Abbey and to the Queen of England at the Royal Chapel at Windsor. In 1890, he gave a series of sermons during the Lenten season in the Trinity Church of New York. Brooks saw religion as a part of the natural life of humans and he inspired men and women to apply the moral principles that he sermonized about in his preaching to their own lives. At the height of his influence in 1891, Brooks was elected Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Massachusetts. He held this post until his death two years later.

Alongside his religious activities, Brooks continued his relationship with the Harvard community. As a member of the Board of Overseers (1870-1891), Brooks supported the establishment of volunteer religious worship on campus, simplified school regulations, and acted as a councilor and mentor to many members of the student body. He served as an Episcopal preacher to Harvard University (1881-1891) and was a member of the Board of University Preachers (1886-1891). Every three weeks in the early spring and autumn, Brooks would deliver prayers in the morning and on Sunday evenings.

Phillips Brooks died in Boston on January 23, 1893.

Conclusion

Phillips Brooks was considered the most outstanding American preacher of Harvard's Victorian Age. An imposing figure at 6 feet four inches and 300 pounds, Brooks was recognized for his clear thinking, energetic presentations, and for the sincerity of his convictions. His compelling sermons were described as full of humanity, broad, tender, and helpful to those seeking religious direction.

On the day of his funeral, thousands of people flocked to Trinity Church to pay their last respects to Brooks, the Boston Stock Exchange and Boston shops closed in the morning, and the City of Boston held a special memorial service in his honor. In the following weeks, sermons of commemoration were given around the country and in England.

The ensuing years saw several more honors bestowed upon Phillips Brooks. In 1900, the Harvard community opened the Phillips Brooks House, named in honor of their departed preacher, dedicated to piety, charity, and hospitality. A wooden pulpit inscribed with his name was placed in Memorial Church. In later years, a bronze statue was erected near Trinity Church in Boston, a memorial window was placed in Saint Margaret's Church in Westminster, England, and in 1905 a tablet in memory of Brooks was given to the Virginia Theological Seminary. Finally, in January 1961, almost 70 years after his death, Brooks passing was recognized and mourned by 20,000 people outside of Trinity Church.

Brooks easily wrote verse and may best be remembered as the author of the Christmas carol (1868), O Little Town of Bethlehem, written after a trip to the Holy Land, and held by his church in perpetual possession.

Hall, Kay Peterson. Phillips Brooks: Brief Life of a Boston Minister, 1835-1893.Harvard Magazine (May-June, 1996) : 52. Harp, Gillis J. The Young Phillips Brooks: a reassessment. The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 49, no. 4 (1998) : 652-667. Phillips Brooks.Dictionary of American Biography Base Set. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936. The Gale Group, 2004. Biography Resource Center. 28 May 2004. http://galenet.galegroup.com.ezp1.harvard.edu/servlet/BioRc Phillips Brooks. Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd edition. Gale Research 1998. The Gale Group, 2004. Biography Resource Center. 28 May 2004. http://galenet.galegroup.com.ezp1.harvard.edu/servlet/BioRc Phillips Brooks.Religious Leaders of America, 2nd edition. Gale Group 1999. The Gale Group, 2004. Biography Resource Center. 28 May 2004. http://galenet.galegroup.com.ezp1.harvard.edu/servlet/BioRc Slocum, Robert B.The Social Teaching of Phillips Brooks.Anglican Theological Review 84, no. 1 (2002) : 135-146. From the guide to the Papers of Phillips Brooks, 1877-1922, 1941., (Harvard University Archives)

Phillips Brooks (1835-1893) was a prominent Episcopal clergyman. He was born on December 13, 1835, in Boston, Massachusetts, the second of six sons born to William Gray and Mary A. (Phillips) Brooks. Brooks graduated from Harvard College in 1855 and later enrolled in the Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria, Virginia. He began his religious ministry in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as a deacon in 1859. In 1862, he was named rector for the Church of the Holy Trinity in Philadelphia, where he became known as a prominent and impressive preacher . Brooks returned to Boston in 1869 as rector of the Trinity Church, a position he held for the next twenty-five years. In 1891, Brooks was elected Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Massachusetts. He held this position for two years, until his death on January 23, 1893.

From the guide to the Phillips Brooks letter, Brooks (Phillips) letter, 1880, (Redwood Library and Athenaeum)

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External CPF Relations (Same As)

viafID

67275668


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Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893

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http://viaf.org/viaf/67275668


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http://www.worldcat.org/wcidentities/lccn-n86114039


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http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n86114039


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sameAs

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phillips_Brooks


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Languages Used

eng

Zyyy


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Subjects

Clergy--Correspondence


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Voyages and travels


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Episcopalian Church--Clergy


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Pastoral theology--Episcopal Church


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Ash Lawn (Virginia : Estate)


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Sermons, American


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Episcopalian Church--Bishops


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Preaching


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Episcopal church--Sermons


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Episcopal Church--Clergy


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Episcopalians--Autographs


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Clergy


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Clergy--Autographs


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Christianity--19th Century


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Letters


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Episcopal Church


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Pastoral theology--19th century


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Nationalities

US


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Functions

Occupations

Clergy


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Bishops


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Legal Statuses

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Massachusetts

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United States

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United States

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Massachusetts

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England

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Massachusetts

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Massachusetts

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Boston (Mass.)

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Massachusetts

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United States

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Massachusetts

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United States

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Identity Constellation Identifier(s)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn475r

w6dn475r

5377707