Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1813-01-21
Death 1890-07-13
US
English

Biographical notes:

JCF served as Territorial Governor of Arizona 1878-1881.

From the description of ALS, 1879 July 2 : [New York], to Mr. [Charles Edward] Lester. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15615926

Narciso Botello, secretary of the Ayuntamientos in 1836, secretary to Governor Flores in 1847.

From the description of Articulos de capitulacion hecha el dia trece de Enero de mil ochocientos, cuarenta y siete por D. José Antonio Carrillo Comandante de Escuadron y D. Agustin Olvera Diputado comicionados nombrados por D. Andres Pico Comandante en Gefe de las fuersas de California pertenecientes al Gobierno Mejicano...comicionados nombrados por el Teniente Coronel del Ejercito de los Estados Unidos de norte America /by J. C. Frémont, militar Comdante del territorio de California, copied by Narciso Botello, 1847 Mar 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702689123

John Charles Frémont, explorer of the western United States, U.S. Army officer, and politician; and his wife, Jessie Benton Frémont, author.

From the description of John Charles Frémont and Jessie Benton Frémont papers, 1828-1980 (bulk 1835-1890). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450340

JCF served as Territorial Governor 1878-1881.

From the description of ALS, 1880 March 5 : Territory of Arizona, Executive Department, Prescott, to [Charles Edward] Lester. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15626793

Fremont resigned from the Army after his court-martial, undertaking goldmining on his Mariposa property.

From the description of ALS, 1850 June 22 : Washington City, to D.A. Baldwin, New York. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15542199

American soldier, politician, and explorer.

From the description of Letter, 1864. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122487021

From the description of Letter, 1850. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122494367

From the description of Letter, 1848. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80311799

Fremont served as territorial governor of Arizona 1878-1881.

From the description of ALS, 1879 November 16 : Prescott, to Mrs. Gould. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 16531901

American explorer and army officer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to Horace Greeley, 1869 Mar. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752144

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Mr. G.W. Wright, Apr. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752131

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : to Horace Greeley, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752139

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Frederick Billings, Aug. 1 [n.y.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752106

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Los Angeles, to Capt. Charles de Arnaud, 1888 Feb. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752121

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Rossmore Hotel, to Colonel De Arnaud, Wednesday night. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752115

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to Mr. Mayer, 1850 May 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752134

From the description of Signature : Washington, 1880 Apr. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270752126

JCF served as Territorial Governor 1878-1881 and continued his mining ventures.

From the description of ALS, 1879 September 1 : Territory of Arizona, Executive Department, Prescott, to Major Simon Stevens, New York City. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15616050

Fremont served as Territorial Governor 1878-1871 and continued his mining ventures.

From the description of ALS, 1878 November 25 : Territory of Arizona, Executive Department, Prescott, to Mr. [Henry Chandler] Bowen. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15615767

Explorer, candidate for the U.S. presidency (1856), general in Union army during the Civil War (1861-1865).

From the description of Letters, 1861-1890. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122535747

From the guide to the Frémont letters, 1861-1890, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

Fremont served as governor of the Arizona Territory 1878-1881.

From the description of ALS, 1881 January 20 : Prescott, Arizona Territory, to Mr. David W. Baker, New York. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 16531841

JCF and Jessie Benton Fremont worked on Fremont's memoirs during this period.

From the description of ALS, 1884 April 14 : New Brighton, Staten Island, to Miss Morse. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15626834

JCF served as Territorial Governor of Arizona 1878-1881, spending much time on his mining ventures.

From the description of ALS, 1879 June 24 : New York, to Simon Stevens. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 15615826

Explored western United States, 1838-1854; major, California Volunteers, 1846; U.S. senator from California, 1850-1851; major general, U.S. Army, 1861-1864; governor, Arizona Territory, 1878-1881.

From the description of Letter: New York, [N.Y.], to [William] Dennison, Columbus, Ohio, [1861?] July 20. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 30798403

From the description of Letter: to [Owen] Lovejoy, [1861?]. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 30798417

American military officer, explorer, and first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the U.S.

From the description of John Charles Frémont autograph letter signed, undated. (Maine Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 261350285

Biographical Note

John Charles Frémont (1813-1890) first gained public attention through his participation in and eventual leadership of scientific and mapping expeditions in the American West (1838, 1841, 1842, 1843, and 1845). In 1841 he married Jessie Ann Benton (1824-1902), the daughter of Senator Thomas Hart Benton of Missouri, who was an advocate of United States expansion into the West and a political supporter of his son-in-law's expeditions, which received Congressional backing. Jessie Benton Frémont assisted in the writing of her husband's 1844 expedition report, which enjoyed popularity with the general public, and with his subsequent writings. During his final expedition, Frémont became involved in California's uprising against Mexico. He was appointed military governor of California, but later was arrested and court-martialed in Washington, D.C., in 1847-1848 for disobedience. His penalty was set aside by President James K. Polk and he and Jessie moved to California in 1849. They became wealthy after the discovery of gold on their Las Mariposas land grant. In 1850, Frémont was elected senator from the new state of California and served briefly in that office. He ran as the first presidential candidate of the Republican party in 1856 on a free-soil anti-slavery platform. He served as a Union general in the Department of the West during the Civil War. Frémont was governor of the Arizona terrritory, 1878-1883. He died in New York City in 1890. The Frémonts suffered economic reversals and in later years were supported primarily through Jessie Benton Frémont's writings. During the 1870s through the 1890s she authored books, stories, and many articles that appeared in leading magazines. She died in Los Angeles, California, in 1902.

From the guide to the John Charles Frémont and Jessie Benton Frémont Papers, 1828-1980, (bulk 1835-1890), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)



Biographical notes are generated from the bibliographic and archival source records supplied by data contributors.

Loading...

Loading Relationships

Constellation Information

Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zg6rs1
SNAC ID:
33779665

Subjects:

  • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
  • Soldiers--Correspondence
  • Politicians--Correspondence
  • Archaeology
  • Railroads
  • Explorers
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848
  • Plants
  • Authors and publishers
  • Material Types
  • Correspondence
  • Authors, American
  • Trials (Military offenses)
  • Explorers--Correspondence
  • Cavalry
  • Land titles
  • Finance, Personal
  • Railroads--Design and construction--Costs
  • Express service
  • Discoveries in geography--American
  • Indians of North America
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Presidential candidates--Correspondence
  • Manuscripts, English
  • Presidents--Election--1856
  • Slaves--Emancipation
  • Scientific expeditions
  • Books
  • Explorers--19th century--Correspondence
  • Medals
  • Generals--Correspondence
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1856.
  • Military pensions
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848--Sources
  • Gold mines and mining
  • Politicians--19th century--Correspondence
  • Autographs
  • Artists, American
  • Statesmen -- California
  • Migration, Internal
  • Military music
  • Land tenure
  • Gold mines and mining--History--Sources

Occupations:

  • Explorers
  • Explorers.
  • Authors.
  • Politicians.
  • Public officers--Mexico.
  • Statesmen
  • Army officers.
  • Public officers--United States.
  • Soldiers--United States.

Places:

  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • San Diego (Calif.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • West (U. S.) (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts--Wenham (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • San Francisco (Calif.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Illinois--Urbana (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)