Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1791-04-27
Death 1872-04-02
Americans
English, Italian

Biographical notes:

Painter, inventor; New York, N.Y. and London, England.

From the description of Samuel Finley Breese Morse letter, 1845 Sept. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122599940

From the description of Samuel Finley Breese Morse letter, 1845 Sept. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 233007074

Author of account concerning deportation of 1100 workers and I.W.W. sympathizers from Bisbee to Columbus, N.M., July 12, 1917.

From the description of The truth about Bisbee, 1929. (University of Arizona). WorldCat record id: 31388188

Artist and inventor.

From the description of Samuel Finley Breese Morse papers, 1793-1944 (bulk 1807-1872). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979869

American telegraph inventor.

From the description of Facsimile of an autograph letter signed : New York, to Cyrus W. Field, 1871 Dec. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 547232252

American artist and inventor of the telegraph.

From the description of Letter : Charleston, to Thomas Sully, 1821 Feb 23. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 81157302

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "Po'hkeepsie," to John Mullaly, 1857 Oct. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 696642308

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to S.B. Guion and the Gentlemen of the Committee, 1857 July 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 696642242

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Mullaly, 1857 July 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 696642278

Before becoming famous as the inventor of the telegraph (patented in 1837), Morse had a successful career as a painter. He was a founder of the National Academy of Design and its president from 1826 to 1842.

From the description of ALS : London, to Asher B. Durand, 1838 July 24. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122489366

Farmer and missionary.

From the description of Diary and reminiscences, 1857-1859. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 23804870

Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an American artist and inventor. He studied art in Europe, and had success as a painter and sculptor. His interest in chemistry and especially electrical phenomena led to several inventions, notably the telegraph, from which he achieved wealth and lasting fame.

From the description of Samuel F.B. Morse letter to Joseph Knight, 1863 Sept. 16. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 54667713

American artist, inventor.

From the description of Papers, 1930-1952. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122514993

Samuel Finley Breese Morse (1791-1872), artist and inventor, graduated from Yale in 1910. He studied painting in England from 1811-1815 and achieved some success in portrait painting particularly in Charleston, South Carolina (1818-1821). After 1832, when the idea of the telegraph obsessed him, Morse gave up painting to devote himself to inventing.

From the description of Samuel Finley Breese Morse papers, 1817-1950. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173863257

Inventor of the telegraph, artist, founder of Vassar College.

From the description of ADS, 1843 July 10 : New York. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 17308621

Epithet: scientist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000841.0x00004c

Born in Charleston, Massachusetts, inventor and painter Samuel Finley Breese Morse (1791-1872), graduated from Yale College in 1810. Morse attended the Royal Academy of Arts in London, England and began a successful career in painting in Europe and the United States. In 1832, Morse developed the concept of the single-wire telegraph and Morse code. In 1938, Morse proposed his patent to the U.S. Government and the Republic of Texas, but failed to gain sponsorship. Morse succeeded in securing funding from the U.S. Government after a successful demonstration in 1842.

Born in Vance County, North Carolina, Memucan Hunt (1807-1856) was a planter and businessman in Mississippi before joining the Texan Army during the Texas Revolution. In 1837, Hunt became the first Minister of Texas to the United States. A year later, President Mirabeau B. Lamar appointed Hunt as Texas Secretary of the Navy.

Source: Neu, C. T. “Hunt, Memucan,” Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed on February 17, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhu31.

From the guide to the Samuel F. B. Letters 65-171., 1839, 1860., (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Portrait artist, inventor of the telegraph.

Morse purchased the Locust Grove property in 1847 and remodeled the house into a Tuscan Villa in conjunction with his architect, Alexander Jackson Davis. In 1901 his heirs sold the estate to William H. Young.

From the description of Samuel F.B. Morse collection, 1849-1980. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155532864

Born in Charleston, Massachusetts, inventor and painter Samuel Finley Breese Morse (1791-1872), graduated from Yale College in 1810.

Morse attended the Royal Academy of Arts in London, England and began a successful career in painting in Europe and the United States. In 1832, Morse developed the concept of the single-wire telegraph and Morse code. In 1938, Morse proposed his patent to the U.S. Government and the Republic of Texas, but failed to gain sponsorship. Morse succeeded in securing funding from the U.S. Government after a successful demonstration in 1842.

From the description of Morse, Samuel F. B. Letters, 1839, 1860. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 707121993

Biographical Note

  • 1791, Apr. 27: Born, Charlestown, Mass.
  • 1799: Entered Phillips Academy,Andover, Mass.
  • 1810: Graduated Yale College,New Haven, Conn.
  • 1811 - 1815 : England England Lac England England Tungland England Cemetery England Number 3 Dam England Ridge England Creek HVDC Quebec-New England - Des Cantons Grounding Electrode England Brothers Number 1 Dam England Branch England Mine New England Park Kampunglandeuh Langland Koringlandskloof Nglandean England Run Veterinary Clinic Springland Longlands Kessingland New England Hall New England Mine London, England London City of London City of London Studied art in England with Washington Allston and attended the Royal Academy of Arts,London, England
  • 1815: Opened an art studio in Boston but spent much time traveling
  • 1817: Patented, with brother Sidney E. Morse, a flexible piston pump for fire engines
  • 1818: Married Lucretia Pickering Walker (died 1825)
  • 1822: Invented a marble-cutting machine
  • 1823: Opened an art studio in New York, N.Y.
  • 1826: Founder and first president, National Academy of Design,New York, N.Y.
  • 1827 - 1832 : Began study and experiments in electricity and the telegraph
  • 1829 - 1832 : Traveled, studied, and painted in Europe
  • 1832: New York, N.Y. New York City Chelsea New York Returned to New York, N.Y. New York, N.Y. New York City Chelsea New York Appointed professor of painting and sculpture, University of the City of New York,New York, N.Y.
  • 1832 - 1836 : Active in the Native American Party Worked on developing the telegraph
  • 1835: Published Foreign Conspiracy Against the Liberties of the United States (New York: Leavitt, Lord, & Co. 208 pp.)
  • 1836: Candidate for mayor of New York on Native American ticket; polled 1,500 votes
  • 1837: Withdrew from painting to devote attention to inventing Filed for a patent for the telegraph Edited Confessions of a French Catholic Priest (New York: D. Van Nostrand. 255 pp.)
  • 1843: Washington, D.C. Washington, D. C. District of Columbia Baltimore, Md. Baltimore Congress voted $30,000 for an experimental telegraph line from Washington, D.C., to Baltimore, Md.
  • 1844: Sent telegraph message, “What hath God Wrought?” from the Supreme Court chamber in the United States Capitol to Baltimore, Md., on May 24
  • 1848: Married Sarah Elizabeth Griswold
  • 1854: Unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Congress,Poughkeepsie district, N.Y.
  • 1857 - 1858 : Served as an electrician for Cyrus W. Field's company in laying the transatlantic telegraph cable
  • 1861: Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Poughkeepsie Cofounded Vassar College,Poughkeepsie, N.Y. New York, N.Y. New York City Chelsea New York President, National Academy of Design,New York, N.Y.
  • 1869: Published Examination of the Telegraphic Apparatus and the Processes in Telegraphy (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. 166 pp.)
  • 1872, Apr. 2: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Samuel Finley Breese Morse Papers, 1793-1944, (bulk 1807-1872), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Germans
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  • Abolitionists--United States

Occupations:

  • Inventors
  • Artists
  • Painter

Places:

  • New York, NY, US
  • Charlestown, MA, US