Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899

Alternative names
Birth 1842-09-09
Death 1899-12-25
Spanish; Castilian, English

Biographical notes:

American naturalist.

From the description of ALS, 1874 Aug. 25, Rocky Mountains, lat. 40° N [Montana], to Thomas George Gentry. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122617038

William Clark requested that Nicholas Biddle, scholar, statesman, and financier, write a narrative of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which was published in 1814 as "History of the Expedition of Captains Lewis and Clark."

From the guide to the Nicholas Biddle correspondence, 1815-1893, 1815-1893, (American Philosophical Society)

Naturalist, chair of World's Congress Auxiliary, Committee on a Psychical Science Congress.

From the description of Letter : Chicago, to Mrs. Blount, 1893 March 1. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 22218726

Physician, naturalist, historian.

From the description of Letters, 1882 Sept. 28, Nov. 6, Washington, D.C. to [J.A.] Allen. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 14196937

American ornithologist.

From the description of Letter, 1883 Sept. 6, to Dr. Greene. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122398026

Ornithologist and theosophist.

From the description of Papers of Elliott Coues, 1820-1914 (bulk 1820-1898). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82785979

Coues was vice-chairman of the Psychical Science Congress.

From the description of Correspondence to Daniel Garrison Brinton, 1892. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 226041322

Canadian geologist Robert Bell directed the Geological Survey of Canada from 1901-1906.

From the guide to the Robert Bell correspondence, 1874-1908, 1874-1908, (American Philosophical Society)

Biographical note: Army surgeon; Elliott Coues was assigned to Fort Whipple, Arizona Territory in 1864. He later participated with Lt. George M. Wheeler in the 1871 Geographical Survey West of the 100th Meridian and participated in other surveys under Francis V. Hayden. In 1880 he returned to Fort Whipple and resigned from the Army in 1881. After 1890, Coues wrote a series of 15 volumes on early travel in the West.

From the description of Elliott Coues Divorce Suit, ca. 1864-1864. (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 247058534

This manuscript is a close hand-written transcript of the Lewis and Clark journals. The transcript (“an exact copy, word for word, letter for letter, and point for point”) was begun around December 1892 by “expert copyist” Mary Anderson at the request of Elliott Coues (Cutright, History 89), and was completed in 1893. Elliott Coues had been hired by Francis Harper to annotate the 1814 Biddle/Allen narrative of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. During his research, Coues became aware of the publication potential of Lewis and Clark's original journals, and as a result decided to have this copy made.

Although Coues never succeeded in bringing the complete journals to publication, he did begin work on the project by writing footnotes on the backs of some of the pages. Additionally, Coues made marks on the original journals, and in some cases this copy provides a check against these blemishes in the originals.

The transcript was acquired by George Tweney in the spring of 1970 from Douglas Parsonage, a New York book dealer, who had recently taken over from Lathrop Harper, the brother of the late Francis Harper (Tweney, Elliott Coues). In 2000, Tweney sold the manuscript to Lewis & Clark College.

From the guide to the Coues-Anderson Manuscript Transcript of the Lewis and Clark Journals, 1892-1893, (Lewis & Clark College Special Collections and Archives)


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  • Penobscot Indians
  • Overland Journeys to the Northwestern United States
  • Theosophists
  • Arctic Indians
  • United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
  • History of science and technology
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806)
  • Geography--Canada
  • Southwest Indians
  • Early National Politics
  • Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809--Diaries
  • Beyond Early America
  • Asylums
  • Peace movements
  • Peace--Societies, etc
  • Divorce suits
  • Isleta Indians
  • Iroquois Indians
  • Naturalists--Correspondence
  • Onondaga Indians
  • Seneca Indians
  • Science--History
  • Ojibwa Indians
  • Psychiatric hospitals
  • Theosophy
  • Tuscarora Indians
  • Theosophy--Societies, etc
  • Colonial Politics
  • Geology--Canada
  • Eskimos--Canada
  • Exploration
  • Eastern Woodlands Indians
  • Cayuga Indians
  • Ornithology
  • United States--Discovery and exploration
  • Oneida Indians
  • Mohawk Indians
  • Explorers--West (U.S.)--Diaries
  • Clark, William, 1770-1838--Diaries
  • West (U.S.)--Description and travel
  • Physics--History
  • Expeditions and Adventure
  • Inuit--Canada
  • Natural history


  • Theosophists
  • Ornithologists--United States
  • Ornithologists


  • Southwest, New (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New Hampshire (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United Statas (as recorded)
  • New Hampshire (as recorded)