Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844

Alternative names
Birth 1768-01-07
Death 1844-07-28

Biographical notes:

Joseph Bonaparte (1768-1844) was the Count of Survilliers, the exiled King of Naples and Spain, and the older brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. After Napoleon's defeat in 1815, Joseph's family, including Napoleon himself, made arrangements to sail for America. Before departure, however, Napoleon decided to remain in France, as did Joseph's wife, Julie, whose poor health prevented her from traveling with her husband. After brief stops in New York and Philadelphia, Joseph purchased a 211-acre estate on the Delaware River near Bordentown in Burlington County, New Jersey in 1815 called Point Breeze. Over the next two years, Joseph purchased ten surrounding farms to increase the size of the estate to 1700 acres, and built a mansion on high ground overlooking Crosswicks Creek. This mansion burned down soon after completion and had to be rebuilt. In 1820, Joseph was offered the throne of Mexico, which he declined in order to remain in the United States. As the political situation in Europe calmed, Joseph sailed for England in 1832, and divided the remainder of his life between Italy, England and the United States. He died in Florence, Italy in 1844.

From the description of Joseph Bonaparte papers, 1816-1917 1816-1836. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53034716

Joseph Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon I, Emperor of France. Napoleon made Joseph King of Naples (1806-1808) and then King of Spain (1808-1813). After his abdication as King of Spain he lived for a time in New York City, Philadelphia and Bordertown, N.J. before returning to Italy. He died in Florence.

From the description of [Letters] / Joseph. [1806-1824] (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 244251548

Brother of Napoleon Bonaparte.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to an unidentified recipient, 1838 Feb. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773209669

From the description of Letter signed : New York, to Messrs. LeRoy, Bayard & McEvers, 1816 Mar. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773208658

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Paris, to the Comte de Saint Leu [Louis Bonaparte], 1815 June 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773208412

Resident of Bordentown, N.J. (1817-1832).

From the description of Letter, 1819 Dec. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70975348

Oldest brother of Napoleon.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to his mother, 1809 Sept. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270524265

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Madrid, to a marshal, 1810 Jan. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270524273

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Naples, to M. Regnaud, 1806 Mar. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270525695

Joseph Bonaparte, oldest brother of Napoleon.

From the description of Autograph signature to letter : Naples, to a brother-in-law, 1813 Dec. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270535343

King of Spain, brother of Napoleon I.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (4) : Seville and [n.p], to General Beillard, "mon cher pere" and an unidentified colonel, 1810 Feb. 11, 1836 July and undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270859770

Resident of Bordentown, N.J., from 1817 to 1832.

From the description of Letter, 1825 Aug. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70975344

Eldest brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, 1806, and King of Spain, 1808, known as Comte de Survilliers in the United States after 1815.

From the guide to the Joseph Bonaparte letters, 1808-1840, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)


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  • Manuscripts, French
  • Manuscripts, American


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  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • New Jersey (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)