Eakins, Thomas, 1844-1916Alternative names
Realist painter Thomas Eakins was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1844. He was encouraged by his parents to develop his talent in art, and in 1862 he entered the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. Also during this period Eakins developed an interest in anatomy, revealed later in the realistically detailed Gross Clinic, painted in 1875. In 1866 he moved to Paris, where he studied painting with Jean-Léon Gérôme at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for three years, and briefly with sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont and painter Léon Bonnat. He toured Spain for six months in 1870 and then returned to Philadelphia to become a portrait artist. Eakins began teaching at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and became its director of instruction in 1882. During this period he also met fellow artist Susan MacDowell and they were married in 1884. While at the Academy, he promoted a curriculum based on the study of the human figure, and began using photography as a method of study for his paintings. A dispute over the use of nude models forced Eakins to resign from the Academy in 1886, but he continued painting and exhibiting until his death in 1916.
From the guide to the Thomas Eakins letters, 1866-1934, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)
William Rudolf O'Donovan (1844-1920) was a sculptor, New York, N.Y. Thomas Eakins (1844-1916) was a painter and instructor at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.
From the description of [William Rudolf O'Donovan] / [graphic] Thomas Eakins, photographer. 1891 May. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220213408
From the description of [William O'Donovan in his studio] / [graphic]. 1891. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 767864643
- Painting, American
- Portrait painters--Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
- Portrait painting, American
- Portrait painting--19th century--United States
- Europe (as recorded)
- Paris (France) (as recorded)