Hayward, A. (Abraham), 1801-1884

Alternative names
Birth 1801-11-22
Death 1884-02-02

Biographical notes:

Abraham Hayward, English Victorian-era essayist and translator.

From the description of Abraham Hayward manuscript material : 12 items, 1834?-1871 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 321079387

Abraham Hayward, English essayist and translator. His many friendships in the literary and political spheres of Victorian-era London resulted in his accumulation of correspondence from some of the most influential figures of the time.

From the description of Abraham Hayward correspondence files : 1063 items, 1790-1889 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 320971387

Abraham Hayward, English essayist and translator. His many friendships with significant figures in the literary and political circles of Victorian London resulted in this collection of correspondence.

From the guide to the Abraham Hayward correspondence files : 1063 items, 1790-1889, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

Abraham Hayward was a British man of letters. A lawyer, he wrote and translated numerous articles on law. After a successful translation of Goethe's Faust, he began writing reviews and criticism for various publications. His knowledgeable and highly opinionated essays on various topics fueled much controversy. He was also active in London society and English politics.

From the description of Abraham Hayward letters and photograph, ca. 1857-1881. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 53865837

Abraham Hayward was an English essayist in the political and literary circles of Victorian London. Hayward's translation of Goethe's Faust was the first published in English. He trained as a barrister at the Inner Temple.

From the description of Abraham Hayward collection, 1791-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702179157

Abraham Hayward, 1801-1884, was an English essayist and translator. Born in Wiltshire, Hayward studied at several schools, including Blundell's School in Tiverton, before moving to London and enrolling at the Inner Temple in 1824. He was called to the bar in 1832, but after the success of his 1833 translation of Goethe's Faust, the first translation of Faust into English, he pursued a career in journalism and literature. He never married.

Residing in London for the rest of his life, Hayward was well-connected in literary and political circles, counting among his acquaintances Thomas Babington Macaulay, William Makepeace Thackeray, W. E. Gladstone, and others. He contributed to many periodicals, including Quarterly Review, Monthly Magazine, and Edinburgh Review, and wrote several books, including collections of essays and biographies of Goethe and Mrs. Thrale (a friend of Dr. Johnson).

Hayward was involved in a controversy in 1845 over the Inner Temple's rules governing elections to the bench of the Inner Temple. Having received an appointment from Lord Chancellor Lyndhurst, Hayward then failed to win election to the bench. He attributed the rejection to a grudge held by a Mr. Roebuck who, according to Inner Temple tradition, was able to exclude him with a single black ball.

From the guide to the Abraham Hayward collection, 1791-1962, (Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library)


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  • Politicians--England--19th century--Correspondence
  • Gardens--Design--England
  • Authors, English--19th century--Correspondence
  • Socialites--England--19th century--Correspondence
  • Politics and culture--England--History--19th century
  • Politics and culture--History--19th century
  • Socialites--19th century--Correspondence
  • Politicians--19th century--Correspondence
  • Publishers and publishing--History--19th century
  • Publishers and publishing--England--History--19th century
  • Authors, English--19th century
  • Gardens--Design
  • Whist


  • Authors--19th century.--England
  • Authors--England--19th century


  • England (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)