Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910

Alternative names
Birth 1824-02-07
Death 1910-05-12

Biographical notes:

Educated at City of London School. After a few years of business he decided to devote himself to astronomy. F. R. A. S. 1854. In 1856 he built an observatory at Tulse Hill and applied to stars the methods of Kirchhofs researches into the chemical constitution of the sun. In conjunction with William Allen Miller (F. R. S. 1845) he devised the star spectroscope and showed that in structure the stars resemble the sun. F. R. S. 1865. Royal Medal 1866. Rumford Medal 1880. Copley Medal 1898. President of British Association 1891. K. C. B. 1897. O. M. 1902. He was elected 37th President of the Royal Society 1900-1905. In 1890 he received a civil list pension.

From the description of Correspondence, 1865-1908. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79715496

Astronomer. Fellow of the Royal Society.

From the description of Papers, 1854-1900. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78440560

Pioneer in field of astrophysics and spectroscopic astronomy. Huggins designed a spectrascope to observe stellar spectra. His work also includes spectroscopic observations of nebula, comets and a nova.

From the description of Diaries, 1856-1900. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83949157

English astronomer.

From the description of Typewritten letter signed, dated : [London] July 6 1897, to Sir Alexander [Mackenzie], 1897 July 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270666493

From the description of Typewritten letter signed, dated : [London] July 12 1897, to an unidentified recipient, 1897 July 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270666498

Astonomer and Fellow of the Royal Society.

From the description of Letters to A. B. Kempe, 1894-1905. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80170558


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  • Spectrum analysis
  • Astronomical spectroscopy
  • Stars--Observations
  • Solar eclipses--1870
  • Photographs--19th century
  • Astronomy--Societies (Academies and learned societies)
  • Letters--19th century
  • Planets--Observations


  • Astronomers


  • Jupiter (Planet) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Saturn (Planet) (as recorded)
  • Uranus (Planet) (as recorded)