Backus, John W., 1924-2007Alternative names
From the description of John W. Backus papers, 1951-2001 (bulk 1953-1991). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984761
Developer of FORTRAN computer programming language.
From the description of Oral history interview with John W. Backus, 1984 Jan. 3. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 62423702
1924, Dec. 3:
Born, Philadelphia, Pa.
Attended University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.
1943- 1946: United States Army, studied engineering at University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa., and medicine at Flower and Fifth Avenue Medical School, New York, N.Y.
B.S. in mathematics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
M.A. in mathematics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
1950- 1953: Programmer, IBM, New York, N.Y.
1953- 1959: Manager, programming research, IBM, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.
1959- 1963: Staff member, T. J. Watson Research Center, IBM, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.
1963- 1991: IBM fellow, Yorktown Heights, N.Y., and Almaden Research Center, San Jose, Calif.
Married Barbara Una Stannard
Received National Medal of Science (National Science Foundation)
Received A. M. Turing Award (Association for Computing Machinery)
Received Charles Stark Draper Prize (National Academy of Engineering)
2007, Mar. 17:
Died, Ashland, Oreg.
From the guide to the John W. Backus Papers, 1951-2001, (bulk 1953-1991), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)
- FORTRAN (Computer program language)
- Computer scientists--Biography
- Computer engineering
- Computer architecture
- IBM 701 (Computer)
- Computer organization
- IBM 704 (Computer)
- Cathode ray tube memory systems
- Programming languages (Electronic computers)
- Ballistic missile defenses
- Computer scientists