Backus, John W., 1924-2007

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1924-12-03
Death 2007-03-17

Biographical notes:

Computer scientist.

From the description of John W. Backus papers, 1951-2001 (bulk 1953-1991). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984761

Developer of FORTRAN computer programming language.

From the description of Oral history interview with John W. Backus, 1984 Jan. 3. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 62423702

Biographical Note

  • 1924, Dec. 3: Born, Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1942: Attended University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.
  • 1943 - 1946 : United States Army, studied engineering at University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pa., and medicine at Flower and Fifth Avenue Medical School, New York, N.Y.
  • 1949: B.S. in mathematics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1950: M.A. in mathematics, Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1950 - 1953 : Programmer, IBM, New York, N.Y.
  • 1953 - 1959 : Manager, programming research, IBM, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.
  • 1959 - 1963 : Staff member, T. J. Watson Research Center, IBM, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.
  • 1963 - 1991 : IBM fellow, Yorktown Heights, N.Y., and Almaden Research Center, San Jose, Calif.
  • 1968: Married Barbara Una Stannard
  • 1976: Received National Medal of Science (National Science Foundation)
  • 1977: Received A. M. Turing Award (Association for Computing Machinery)
  • 1993: Received Charles Stark Draper Prize (National Academy of Engineering)
  • 2007, Mar. 17: Died, Ashland, Oreg.

From the guide to the John W. Backus Papers, 1951-2001, (bulk 1953-1991), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w66qzg
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Subjects:

  • FORTRAN (Computer program language)
  • Computer scientists--Biography
  • Computer engineering
  • Computer architecture
  • IBM 701 (Computer)
  • Computer organization
  • Calculators
  • IBM 704 (Computer)
  • Cathode ray tube memory systems
  • Computers
  • Programming languages (Electronic computers)
  • Ballistic missile defenses

Occupations:

  • Computer scientists

Places:

not available for this record