Southey, Robert, 1774-1843

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1774-08-12
Death 1843-03-21
Britons
English, Portuguese

Biographical notes:

English poet, literary scholar, historian and biographer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to an unidentified man, 1836 Jan. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 603582965

English poet and man of letters.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Moxon, 1837 July 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662734

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to an unidentified correspondent, 1837 Mar. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662732

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Miss Betham, [1809] Oct. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662716

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to an unidentified correspondent, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270663502

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to an unidentified writer on Humboldt, 1812 Jan. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662721

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Keswick, to Mrs. Broome, 1818 Jan. 28 and Feb. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664302

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : [Keswick?], to "H. T.", 1831 Nov. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664107

From the description of The Life of John Bunyan : autograph manuscript signed : Keswick, 1830 Mar. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664942

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Mrs. Broome, 1818 Feb. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 682189124

From the description of Life of Cowper : autograph manuscript : Keswick, 1835 Oct. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664939

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to an unidentified correspondent, 1823 Mar. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662726

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Messrs. Longman, Rees & Co., 1827 Nov. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662729

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Streatham, to an unidentified correspondent, 1820 May 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270663766

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Bristol], to R. Duppa, [1795]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662288

From the description of Lines written in 1814 and intended to be prefixed to A Tale of Paraguay : [n.p.] : autograph manuscript of the poem signed with initials, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664944

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : Chateau d'Echichens [Switzerland], to John Rickman, 1817 Jun. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664104

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to E. Elliott, Jr., 1811 Feb. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662718

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Messrs. Longmans & Co., 1820 Feb. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662723

From the description of Copy of a letter from him in the hand of Charlotte Barrett : Keswick, to the Rev. A. d'Arblay, 1833 Mar. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664740

From the description of Autograph list of books sent to the binder : [n.p.], 1832 Dec. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664424

English poet and men of letters.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to an unidentified recipient, 1819 Oct. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270662738

Southey was an English poet and prose writer; Josiah Conder was an English poet; and Joanna Baillie was a Scottish dramatist.

From the description of Correspondence, 1816-1822. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 79664008

Southey was an English author and Poet Laureate of England from 1813 to 1843.

From the description of Collection, 1792-1835. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122386467

From the guide to the Collection, 1792-1835., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Robert Southey's earnest, inventive, diverse and prolific career as poet and historian earned him the respect of his Romantic contemporaries, the contempt of his Victorian heirs, and a sort of fuzzy nostalgia today. Poet laureate of England for thirty years, his reputation today is of a scholar who read rather than experienced, who crafted rather than created, and much of his writing seems lifeless and hackneyed as a result.

From the description of Robert Southey letter and poem, 1814-1826. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50999210

English poet, literary critic, historian and biographer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Robert Montgomery, 1832 Mar. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 603584059

English poet.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to John Wilson Croker, 1812 July 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773284085

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to John Wilson Croker, 1812 Nov. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773289956

From the description of Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to William Gifford, 1818 Sept. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773389061

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1820 Jan. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773395059

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1819 Nov. 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773388052

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1824 Dec. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773402904

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1818 May 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773372862

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to [John Wilson Croker], [1828] July 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773411441

From the description of Autograph note, [ca. 1810]. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122586078

From the description of Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to [John Wilson Croker], 1811 July 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773211116

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1832 Sept. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773598889

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to [John Wilson Croker], 1837 Jan. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773601029

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1830 June 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773409085

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1818 Aug. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773373124

From the description of Two poetic stanzas, one in Latin, one in English : autograph manuscript : [n.p., n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270858396

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Captain Thomas Southey, 1819 Mar. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854264

From the description of The death of Odin : autograph manuscript signed : Bath, written in a letter to his friend Thomas Lamb, [1792] July [18]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270844240

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Humphrey Senhouse, 1808 Dec. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854244

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to John Wilson Croker, [1818 July]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773207608

From the description of Portion of an autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to an unidentified recipient, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270857847

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to an unidentified recipient, [no year] May 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854249

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1834 Mar. 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773596954

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1813 Dec. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773307583

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1814 June 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773309022

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to [John Wilson Croker], [1813] Oct. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773306666

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to John Wilson Croker, [1813 Sept. 21]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773301247

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to John Wilson Croker, 1812 Mar. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773279600

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1814 Sept. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773311197

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to [John Wilson Croker], 1812 June 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 773281772

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to J.W. Tobin, 1806 Sept. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270872269

From the description of Autograph quotation of four lines from Samsom Agonistes : [n.p., n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854272

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Francis Hare, 1828 May 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854252

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to an unidentified recipient, 1821 Jan. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854255

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to John Bell, 1814 May 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854269

From the description of Portion of an autograph letter signed : Keswick, to T.W. Smith, [1811 Feb. 23]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270857841

From the description of Poem beginning "Shunning human right, like a thief in the night" : autograph manuscript : [n.p.], [1832 June 17]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270858238

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Keswick, to Sir William Knighton, 1822 Nov. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270854261

Robert Southey (1774-1843), poet and man of letters, was expelled from Westminster School for a protest against flogging, but proceeded in 1792 to Balliol College, Oxford, where he pursued his studies without interference and began Joan of Arc . He was visited there by Coleridge and converted by him to unitarianism and pantisocracy. He was twice married, first to Edith Fricker, who died in 1837, then in 1839 to Caroline Bowles. After visiting Spain and Portugal he settled at Keswick, where he remained and wrote extensively. He became poet laureate in 1813 and was friendly with Wordsworth. For a full assessment of his life and work see the Dictionary of National Biography

From the guide to the Correspondence, literary manuscripts, and printed works of Robert Southey, ca. 1797-1839, (Leeds University Library)

British poet and prose writer; poet laureate of England (1813).

From the description of Lives of Nelson : Keswick, England, [ca. 1813]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78013910

From the description of Lives of Nelson : Keswick, England, [ca. 1813]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702146877

Robert Southey was the poet laureate of England from 1813-1843, an essayist, and an early leader of the "Lake School" of radical poets.

From the description of Robert Southey collection of papers, 1793-1959 bulk (1798-1839). (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122579978

From the guide to the Robert Southey collection of papers, 1793-1959, 1798-1839, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

The English Romantic poet and essayist.

From the description of Notes on Iberian subjects, [18--]. (Brandeis University Library). WorldCat record id: 42413907

Epithet: poet

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001219.0x000157

Southey was an English poet and writer of miscellaneous prose; Josiah Conder was an English poet; and Joanna Baillie was a Scottish dramatist.

From the guide to the Correspondence, 1816-1822., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

British poet and author.

From the description of Papers, 1791-1840. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20315422

Biographical Note: Robert Southey, English author and poet laureate, was born in 1774.

Southey witnessed a period of social reform in England, but remained opposed to Catholic emancipation. In 1820, Southey published "Life of Wesley," a history of Methodism. Southey's "Book of the Church," a history of the Church of England, was published by John Murray in 1824. Two eminent Catholics, John Milner and Charles Butler, published responses in defense of Catholicism. Southey answered their criticisms by publishing "Vindiciae Ecclesiae Anglicanae (The Book of the Church Vindicated and Amplified)" in 1826. In 1836, John Murray, former Member of Parliament from Leeds, proposed that a new church, St. Johns's, be built in Keswick. The Bishop of Carlisle approved Murray's proposal, and Southey was asked to serve as a Trustee. Southey died at Greta Hall, Keswick, in 1843.

From the description of Robert Southey letters, 1825-1837. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 48388271

Robert Southey was born in Bristol on 12 August 1774. He was educated at schools in Corston and Bristol before being sent to Westminster School in 1788. He entered Balliol College, Oxford in 1792 after he was expelled from Westminster for denouncing flogging in a school magazine, The Flagellant . In 1794 Southey wrote the play that belied his then republican spirit, Wat Tyler . The play was published without Southey's consent in 1817. By then Southey had become a supporter of the Tory government.

In 1795 Southey journeyed to Spain and Portugal. That year saw the publication of his epic poem Joan of Arc . On his return to England in 1797, Southey entered Gray's Inn, London, but only for a brief period, before moving to Westbury in June 1798 and then to Burton, Hampshire in 1799. He was appointed secretary to Isaac Corry, the chancellor of the Irish exchequer c 1801. In 1803 Southey moved to Greta Hall, Keswick where he stayed with his family for the remainder of his life.

In 1809 Robert Southey joined the staff of the Quarterly Review and wrote regularly for the periodical until 1839. From 1809 to 1815 he edited and principally wrote the Edinburgh Annual Register . Southey wrote several books including, The Book of the Church Vindicated (1824), Sir Thomas More (1829) and Lives of the British Admirals (1833). Southey was appointed Poet Laureate in 1813. To commemorate the death of King George III in 1821, he wrote his poem A Vision of Judgement . In 1820 the University of Oxford created Southey DCL and in June 1826 he was elected MP for Downton, Wiltshire, but was disqualified for not possessing the necessary estate. Southey died in Keswick on 21 March 1843.

From the guide to the Southey, Robert, 1797-1826, (Senate House Library, University of London)

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Subjects:

  • Romanticism
  • English literature--19th century
  • Scottish poetry
  • Poetry--19th century
  • English language--Etymology
  • Manuscripts--English
  • Poets, English--19th century--Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc
  • Authors--Biography
  • Literature
  • Prose
  • Parodies
  • Authors, British
  • Quakers
  • Love poetry
  • Authors and publishers
  • English poetry--19th century
  • Copybooks
  • Authors, English--19th century--Correspondence
  • Expurgated books--Manuscripts
  • Notes
  • Poems
  • Authors, English--19th century--Archives
  • Letters--19th century
  • Scots language--Etymology
  • Romanticism--England
  • Description & travel
  • Religious poetry, English
  • Broadsides--Specimens
  • Poets, British
  • Letters 19th century
  • Authors, English--19th century--Poetry
  • Poets, English--19th century--Archives
  • Waterloo, Battle of, Waterloo, Belgium, 1815--Poetry
  • Iberians--History--Manuscripts

Occupations:

  • Authors, English--19th century
  • Poets, English--19th century
  • Authors
  • Poets

Places:

  • Malta, Europe (as recorded)
  • Ripon, West Riding of Yorkshire (as recorded)
  • Serbia, Europe (as recorded)
  • Belgium, Europe (as recorded)
  • Durham, England (as recorded)
  • Austria, Europe (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Cork, Ireland (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire (as recorded)
  • Australia, Australia (as recorded)
  • Australia, Australia (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Chalk, Kent (as recorded)
  • New Zealand, Australia (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Jamaica, Central America (as recorded)
  • Kirby Bellars, Leicestershire (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)
  • Skiddaw, Cumberland (as recorded)
  • Ipswich, Suffolk (as recorded)
  • Liverpool, Lancashire (as recorded)
  • Trinidad, the Carribean (as recorded)
  • Royston, Hertfordshire (as recorded)
  • Staffordshire, England (as recorded)
  • Portugal, Europe (as recorded)
  • Lake District (England) (as recorded)
  • Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire (as recorded)
  • Bolton Percy, West Riding of Yorkshire (as recorded)
  • West Indies (as recorded)
  • Canada, North America (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)
  • Florence, Italy (as recorded)
  • Canada, North America (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Switzerland, Europe (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Manchester, Lancashire (as recorded)
  • Ireland (as recorded)
  • Manchester, Lancashire (as recorded)
  • Keswick, Cumberland (as recorded)
  • Portugal (as recorded)
  • Doncaster, West Riding of Yorkshire (as recorded)
  • Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany (as recorded)
  • Bristol, Gloucestershire (as recorded)