Schurz, Carl, 1829-1906

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1829-03-03
Death 1906-05-14
Americans
German, English

Biographical notes:

Army officer, statesman, journalist, legislator, and U.S. Secy. of the Interior, of Missouri.

From the description of Papers, 1870-1901 (bulk 1870-1890). (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 70953302

German-American army officer, author and politician.

From the description of Papers of Carl Schurz, 1862-1893. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32136358

U.S. cabinet officer, diplomat, and senator from Missouri, Union Army officer, journalist, and reformer.

From the description of Papers of Carl Schurz, 1842-1983 (bulk 1860-1906). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 74986023

Schurz emigrated to America from Germany in 1852. Here he became a lawyer, journalist, minister to Spain, Union general, senator from Missouri, and Secretary of the Interior. He was an ardent admirer of Lincoln, with whom he enjoyed a warm friendship.

From the description of Abraham Lincoln : AMsS, 1891. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122466025

Epithet: American Senator

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000618.0x0002ef

German-American army officer and politician.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Bolton Landing, Lake George, NY, to Mr. B. Best, 1896 July 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270633577

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, PA, to Horace Greeley, 1864 Sept. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634235

From the description of Manifest Destiny : [n.p.] : autograph manuscript unsigned of the first two pages of the article, [1896]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270635197

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, NY, to "My dear White", 1890 Oct. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634069

From the description of Autograph letters signed (78) and autograph postal card signed : New York, etc., to Mr. Nelson and others at Harper & Brothers, 1896 Jan. 16-1897 Jan. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270634728

Biographical Note

  • 1829, Mar. 2: Born near Cologne, Germany
  • 1847: Doctoral candidate, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
  • 1848 - 1849 : Student leader in German revolutionary movement; fled Germany
  • 1850 - 1852 : Returned to Germany and organized successful plot to liberate former teacher from imprisonment; later expelled from France as a dangerous liberal and took residence in England
  • 1852 - 1855 : Emigrated to United States and resided in Philadelphia, Pa.
  • 1856 - 1860 : Settled in Wisconsin; became involved in politics, slavery problems, and other public issues
  • 1860: Admitted to bar; delegate to national Republican convention, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1861 - 1862 : Appointed minister to Spain but returned to United States after six months to work for emancipation
  • 1862 - 1863 : Joined Union Army as brigadier general; commanded a division at Second Battle of Bull Run, at Chancellorsville, and at Gettysburg
  • 1863: Promoted to major general
  • 1865: Resigned from army; undertook tour of inspection in the South for President Andrew Johnson
  • 1867 - 1875 : Edited Detroit Post, then St. Louis Westliche Post; elected to seat in U.S. Senate from Missouri
  • 1875 - 1877 : Failed to secure re-election to Senate; resumed career in journalism; lectured, and campaigned for Rutherford Birchard Hayes for president
  • 1877 - 1881 : Secretary of the interior
  • 1881: Joined staff of New York Evening Post; remained active in national politics.
  • 1892 - 1900 : President, National Civil Service Reform League
  • 1906, May 14: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Carl Schurz Papers, 1842-1983, (bulk 1860-1906), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6th8kxm
Ark ID:
w6th8kxm
SNAC ID:
44822565

Subjects:

  • German Americans--Correspondence
  • Immigrants' writings, German
  • Tariff--United States
  • Presidents--Election--1872
  • Elections--United States
  • Indians of North America
  • Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
  • Tariff
  • German Americans
  • President--Biography
  • Elections
  • Civil service reform
  • Poets, German
  • Presidents--Election--1880
  • Presidents--Election--1888
  • Presidents--Election--1892
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1869-1934
  • Statesmen--Biography--Sources

Occupations:

  • Statesmen--United States
  • Cabinet officers
  • Army officers
  • Diplomats
  • Journalists
  • Reformers
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--Missouri
  • Politicians
  • Soldiers--United States
  • Cabinet officers--United States
  • Journalists--United States

Places:

  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • United States of America (as recorded)
  • Wisconsin (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Germany (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)