Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1892-02-13
Death 1954-10-09
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

U.S. Attorney General.

From the description of Papers, 1940-1941. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41571245

U.S. Supreme Court justice, attorney general, and solicitor general, and lawyer.

From the description of Robert Houghwout Jackson papers, 1816-1983 (bulk 1934-1954). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982879

Supreme Court Justice.

From the description of Reminiscences of Robert Houghwout Jackson : oral history, 1952. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309739853

Robert Houghwout Jackson (b. Feb. 13, 1892-d. Oct. 9, 1954), lawyer, was United States Attorney General and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the chief United States prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials before the International Military Tribunal (IMT).

From the description of Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10580321

Biographical Note

  • 1892, Feb. 13: Born, Spring Creek Township, Waren Co. Pa.
  • 1912: Graduation certificate, Albany Law School, Union University, Albany, N.Y. (degree awarded June 1941 as a member of the class of 1912)
  • 1913: Admitted to the bar in New York
  • 1916: Married Irene Gerhardt
  • 1918: Corporation counsel, Jamestown, N.Y.
  • 1919: Junior partner, law firm of Dean, Edson and Jackson
  • 1923: Formed law partnership with Henry S. Manley and Gerald A. Herrick
  • 1927 - 1933 : Member, law firm of Jackson and Herrick
  • 1932: Member, Commission to Investigate the Administration of Justice in New York
  • 1934: Assistant general counsel, Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • 1935: Assistant attorney general, Tax Division, Department of Justice
  • 1936: Assistant attorney general, Antitrust Division, Department of Justice
  • 1938: Solicitor general
  • 1940: Attorney general
  • 1941 - 1954 : Associate justice, United States Supreme Court
  • 1945: United States chief of counsel for the prosecution of Axis war criminals, Nuremberg War Crimes Trial
  • 1954, Oct. 9: Died, Washington, D. C.

From the guide to the Robert Houghwout Jackson Papers, 1816-1983, (bulk 1934-1954), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t731jd
Ark ID:
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SNAC ID:
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Subjects:

  • Public utilities--Law and legislation
  • Nuremberg War Crime Trials, Nuremberg, Germany, 1946-1949
  • School integration--United States
  • Aluminum industry and trade--Law and legislation
  • Lawyers--Interviews
  • Naturalization--United States
  • Wealth--United States
  • Dairy laws--United States
  • Surplus military property--United States
  • Social security--Law and legislation
  • Petroleum products--Prices
  • Emigration and immigration--Law and legislation
  • Fuel trade--Law and legislation--United States
  • Jehovah's Witnesses--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
  • Price maintenance--United States
  • Steel industry and trade--Law and legislation--United States
  • Embargo--United States
  • Segregation in education
  • Constitutional law
  • Naturalization
  • Dairy laws
  • World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
  • Income tax
  • Railroads--Law and legislation--New York (State)
  • Income tax--United States
  • Steel industry and trade--Law and legislation
  • Public utilities--Law and legislation--United States
  • Automobile industry and trade--Finance
  • Price maintenance
  • Social security--Law and legislation--United States
  • World War, 1939-1945--United States
  • Neutrality
  • Taxation--United States--States
  • Practice of law--New York (State)--Jamestown
  • Aluminum industry and trade--Law and legislation--United States
  • Aircraft industry--Law and legislation
  • Judges--Interviews
  • Petroleum products--Prices--United States
  • Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
  • Embargo
  • School integration
  • Motion picture industry--Law and legislation--United States
  • Bar associations
  • Government aid to private schools--United States
  • Surplus military property
  • Public utilities--Law and legislation--New York (State)
  • Typhoid Fever
  • Treason--United States
  • World War, 1939-1945
  • Aircraft industry--Law and legislation--United States
  • Law--United States
  • Government aid to private schools
  • Textile industry--Law and legislation--New York (State)
  • Practice of law
  • Constitutional law--United States
  • World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects--United States
  • Typhoid fever--New York (State)
  • Jehovah's Witnesses--Legal status, laws, etc
  • World War, 1939-1945--Secret service
  • Wealth
  • Motion picture industry--Law and legislation
  • Segregation in education--United States
  • Automobile industry and trade--Finance--United States
  • Neutrality--United States
  • Treason
  • New Deal, 1933-1939
  • Law
  • Textile industry--Law and legislation
  • Fuel trade--Law and legislation
  • Emigration and immigration--Law and legislation--United States
  • Taxation--State
  • Railroads--Law and legislation

Occupations:

  • Cabinet officers
  • Lawyers
  • Jurists
  • Public officials

Places:

  • Tennessee (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Secret service (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Jamestown (as recorded)