Calder, Alexander, 1898-1976

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1898-07-22
Death 1976-11-11
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Sculptor.

From the description of Alexander Calder correspondence, 1964. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79452461

Alexander Calder (1898-1976) was a sculptor from New York, N.Y.

From the description of Oral history interview with Alexander Calder, 1971 Oct. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 646395903

B. 1898, d. 1976.

From the description of Alexander Calder artist file. (Whitney Museum of American Art). WorldCat record id: 228431975

Sculptor and kinetic artist Alexander Calder was born in 1898 in Lawnton, Pennsylvania. As the son of two artists, he was encouraged to sculpt and construct things in his own workshop at an early age. In 1919 he graduated from Stevens Institute of Technology with a degree in mechanical engineering, and after holding several jobs, he decided to take classes at the Art Students League in New York City. He began exhibiting his paintings, but also focused on drawing, illustration, and wood and wire sculpture. In 1926 Calder moved to Paris and began making toys for his performance piece, "Cirque Calder." He married Louisa James in 1931 and exhibited his mobiles for the first time the same year. He continued to spend his time between New York and Paris, and he and Louisa also bought a farm in Roxbury, Connecticut. They had two children, Sandra and Mary. Calder befriended many influential artists, including Joan Mirò, Fernand Léger, Marcel Duchamp, and Yves Tanguy, and joined the Abstraction-Création group in 1931. He exhibited and worked on commissions extensively throughout his career. As a very prolific artist, he had alliances with several galleries, including the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York. Later in his career, Calder began focusing on large-scale outdoor sculptures. He died in 1976 at the age of 78.

From the guide to the Alexander Calder papers, 1926-1967, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Artist.

From the description of Alexander Calder papers, 1952-1977. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 74898993

American sculptor.

From the description of Letter to Daniel Wallard, 1949 March 1. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 84032347

Sculptor; Roxbury, Conn.

From the description of Alexander Calder papers, 1927-1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78119969

Sculptor (New York, N.Y.).

From the description of Alexander Calder interview, 1971 Oct. 26 [sound recording]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 245518427

From the description of Alexander Calder interview, 1971 Oct. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220180033

Alexander Calder (1898-1976) was a sculptor from Roxbury, Conn.

From the description of Alexander Calder papers, 1926-1967. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 233006980

Sculptor; Roxbury, Ct. Thompson was a banker, London, England, and a friend of Calder and family.

From the description of Alexander Calder letters and photographs, 1927-1960. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86122906

Sculptor; Roxbury, Connecticut.

Son of Alexander Stirling Calder.

From the description of Alexander Calder letter, 1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122456088

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Subjects:

  • Sculpture--Technique
  • Art--American (?)--Reproductions
  • Sculptors
  • United States--Painters--20th century--Exhibitions
  • Sculptors--Correspondence
  • Art, American
  • Sculpture, Modern--20th century
  • Sculpture, American
  • Artists
  • Artists--Correspondence
  • Sculptors--Exhibitions
  • Sculptors--Interviews

Occupations:

  • Sculptors

Places:

  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
  • Connecticut--Roxbury (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)