Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1878-09-20
Death 1968-11-25
Americans
English, Spanish; Castilian, French, Dutch; Flemish, German

Biographical notes:

Upton Sinclair was born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1878. Sinclair was an American author, novelist, journalist, and political activist who wrote many books in several genres. He is most well-known for his exposé, The Jungle regarding conditions in Chicago's meat packing plants, which influenced the passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906. Much of Sinclair's writing was related to the economic and social conditions of the early twentieth century. He was heavily involved in political affairs and ran unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives and Senate in the 1920s. Sinclair was married to Meta Fuller from 1902-1911, Mary Craig Kimbrough from 1913-1961, and Mary Elizabeth Willis from 1961-1967. Sinclair lived most of his life in California, though he eventually moved to New Jersey with his third wife and died there in 1968.

From the guide to the Upton Sinclair Literary Manuscript and Correspondence, 1914-1975, (University of Kansas Kenneth Spencer Research Library Department of Special Collections)

American writer and politician.

From the description of Letter [manuscript] : Pasadena, California, to A. Y. King, Cleveland, Ohio, 1937 October 8. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647806143

Author. Full name: Upton Beall Sinclair.

From the description of Upton Sinclair papers, 1906-1964. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980466

Upton Sinclair was an American author and political activist. He gained success with the publication of his sixth novel, The jungle (1906), which portrayed the squalid conditions of meat-packing houses in Chicago and the industry's exploitation of its workforce. Sinclair's other writings include Oil! (1927), Boston (1928), the eleven book Lanny Budd series of historical novels, and several autobiographical accounts and collections. A lifelong socialist, Sinclair organized the EPIC (End Poverty in California) socialist reform movement during the economic crisis of the 1930s, and unsuccessfully ran as California's Democratic candidate for governor in 1934.

From the description of Correspondence of Upton Sinclair, 1923-1942. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228718386

Author and social reformer.

From the description of Interviews with Joe Toyoshima, 1966-1998. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 47260897

His "Marie Antoinette" was published by Vanguard Press, 1939.

From the description of Letter, 1938 Jul. 25, Pasadena, Calif. to Maurice Browne, London. (University of Michigan). WorldCat record id: 34365610

Upton Sinclair was an American novelist, progressive social reformer and political aspirant. Hill (1894-1951) worked at the Boston Chamber of Commerce.

From the description of Correspondence with Creighton J. Hill, 1927-1928. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 78695852

Socialist, Novelist; Nominated for a Nobel Prize in 1932 and awarded the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1943.

From the description of Letters, 1921-1957. (University of Iowa Libraries). WorldCat record id: 122504239

Some correspondence is from Mary Craig Sinclair, wife of Upton Sinclair.

From the description of Correspondence with Theodore and Helen Dreiser, 1914-1951. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155893916

American writer, socialist, reformer, author of The Jungle, Democratic candidate for Governor of California (1934) and Pulitizer Prize winner.

From the description of Papers, 1813-1968 (inclusive), 1909-1968 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122384460

Writer.

From the description of Papers, 1814-1968 (bulk 1878-1968) (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 41520088

Upton Sinclair grew up in Baltimore and New York, surrounded by poverty, ambition, and idealism. He began writing adventure stories for pulps, and with confidence gained at CCNY and Columbia he graduated to more serious literary efforts. His most representative works combine muckracking journalism with the theme of idealistic opposition to unjust society. Perturbed by charges of socialism, he published his later works as well as many circulars and pamphlets himself. He was also politically active, and became the Democratic nominee for Governor of California in 1934.

From the description of Upton Sinclair letter and publications about his novel Boston, 1929. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50930053

From the description of Upton Sinclair letters and related materials, 1908-1956. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 62590098

Mary Craig Sinclair was Upton's wife. In her memoir Mein Leben, Alma Mahler describes at length a visit by her and Werfel to the home of the Sinclairs, in California, in 1945, in the company of Ben Huebsch of Viking Press.

From the description of Correspondence to Alma Mahler, 1945. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155864489

Upton Sinclair was an American novelist, progressive social reformer, and political aspirant.

From the guide to the Correspondence with Creighton J. Hill, 1927-1928., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Epithet: author

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001026.0x000357

Author, of Pasadena (Los Angeles Co.), Calif.

From the description of Papers, 1908-1968. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20314576

Upton Sinclair (September 20, 1878 - November 25, 1968) was a socialist and author of books such as Manassas (1904) and The Jungle (1906), the latter becoming a world famous expose of dangerous and unsanitary working conditions in the Chicago stockyards, and which helped bring about the passage, later that year, of two federal laws, the Pure Food and Drug Act, and the Meat Inspection Act. In 1934, he ran for governor of California on the Democratic Party ticket, basing his campaign around the slogan "End Poverty in California" (EPIC).

From the guide to the Upton Sinclair Papers, 1911-1964, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

American author, reformer.

From the description of Papers of Upton Sinclair [manuscript], 1905-1957. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647871588

Upton Sinclair was an American novelist, playwright, essayist, and journalist.

From the description of Upton Sinclair collection of papers, 1906-1962. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122313895

From the guide to the Upton Sinclair collection of papers, 1906-1962, (The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.)

American author.

From the description of Letter to "Jim" [manuscript], 1929 August 17. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647833374

From the description of Upton Sinclair's opinion of the Mormon Church, 1940. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122462136

Author.

From the description of Reminiscences of Upton Sinclair : oral history, 1962. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309734961

From the description of Letters 1950. (Indiana University). WorldCat record id: 703901718

Writer.

Sinclair was an alumnus of City College, Class of 1897.

From the description of Papers, 1926-1964. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155504013

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Subjects:

  • Revolutions
  • Socialism--History
  • Elections
  • Capitalism and literature
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Liberty Hill Commemorative Marker
  • Sexual ethics
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  • American literature
  • Socialism and art
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  • Sacco--Vanzetti Trial, Dedham, Mass., 1921
  • Strikes and lockouts
  • Authors, American
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  • Mormons and Mormonism--Controversial works
  • Sex in marriage
  • Male authors, American--Correspondence
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  • Nobel prizes
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  • Presidents--Election--1936
  • Elections--California--1934
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  • Strikes and lockouts--Stevedores
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  • Collective settlements
  • Migrant labor--Songs and music
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  • Budd, Lanny (Fictitious character)
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  • Authors--Interviews
  • Governors--Election--1934
  • Historical fiction, American
  • Fiction
  • Motion picture industry
  • Style, literary
  • Socialists--Correspondence

Occupations:

  • Authors
  • Reformers
  • Social reformers

Places:

  • California (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • San Francisco (Calif.) (as recorded)
  • California--San Pedro (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • Germany (as recorded)
  • Soviet Union (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)